Yemenia

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Yemenia Airlines
Yemenialogo.png
IATA
IY
ICAO
IYE
Callsign
YEMENI
Founded 1962 (current AOC)
Hubs Sana'a International Airport
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Yemenia Sama Club[1]
Fleet size 10
Destinations 24
Parent company Government of Yemen
Headquarters Sana'a, Yemen
Key people Captain Ahmed Massoud Alwani (Chairman and CEO)[2]
Website yemenia.com

Yemenia (Arabic: اليمنية), also known as Yemen Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية اليمنية) is the national airline of Yemen, based in Sana'a. It operates scheduled domestic and international passenger flights to destinations in Africa and the Middle East, as well as to Asia and Europe out of its hubs at Sana'a International Airport, and (to a smaller extent) Aden International Airport. Yemenia is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.[3]

History[edit]

A Yemenia Boeing 727-200 takes off at Sana'a International Airport in 2005.
A Yemen Airways Boeing 737-200 at Orly Airport in 1980.
An Airbus A330-200 of Yemenia on approach of Frankfurt Airport in 2005.

Yemenia dates its origins back to Yemen Airlines,[4] a company that was founded in the second half of the 1940s[2] and owned by Ahmad bin Yahya, then King of Yemen.[5]

When the Yemen Arab Republic was proclaimed in 1962, Yemen Airlines was issued a new airline licence on 4 August of that year (which remains valid until today), thus becoming the flag carrier of the country, with its head office in the Ministry of Communication Building in Sana'a.[5] In 1967, the airline entered a co-operation with United Arab Airlines, which lasted until 1972. During that period, it was known as Yemen Arab Airlines.[4]

In July 1972, the Yemen Airways branding was launched, which coincided with the company being nationalized.[4] In 1977, Saudi Arabia acquired a 49 percent stake in the airline. The current name Yemenia was adopted on 1 July 1978.[4]

When South Yemen was united with the Yemen Arab Republic to form today's Yemen in 1990,[6] plans were made to form a single national airline by merging South Yemen's Alyemda into Yemenia. To achieve this, the shares held by Saudi Arabia were bought back by the government of Yemen in 1992.[4] On 11 February 1996, the merger could be completed,[7] which led to a significant part of the employees of the two airlines losing their jobs.[8]

Since 2008, a number of safety actions by the European Union have been taken against Yemenia because of alleged poor maintenance standards in Yemen. In July 2009, France suspended the airworthiness certificates of two Yemenia Airbus A310 aircraft that were registered in the country.[9] In the same month, the European Aviation Safety Agency withdrew the maintenance approval that had been issued to Yemenia, which forced Yemenia to suspend all flights to Europe (at that time, Paris, London, Rome and Frankfurt were served).[citation needed]

European services were relaunched in December 2009. Since then, systematic inspections of Yemenia aircraft parked at EU airports are carried out, in order to assess and verify the safety standards.[9] On 20 January 2010, then British Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced that, owing to concerns of terrorist activity in Yemen, flights between the UK and the country would be suspended, as long as the security situation would not improve.[10] Over the following months, Yemenia again cut flights to Europe. As of 2011, Frankfurt is the only destination still served.

On 12 June 2001, a fire broke out at the Yemenia headquarters in Sana'a.[11] On 3 June 2011, during the 2011 Yemeni revolution, the building was again set on fire.[12]

Corporate affairs[edit]

The head office is located in the Hassaba District,[12] in Downtown Sana'a, however the building was destroyed by fire during fighting in May 2011.[12][13][14] The building is still under-construction, however due to unrest, cannot be completed.[citation needed]

Destinations[edit]

Main article: Yemenia destinations

As of 2011, Yemenia operates scheduled flights to 24 destinations. The network is enlarged by codeshare flights operated by Felix Airways.[15]

Fleet[edit]

A Yemenia Airbus A310 landing at Dubai International Airport (2007).
An Airbus A320 of Yemenia at Frankfurt Airport (2012).
A Yemenia Boeing 737-800 upon landing at Dubai (2009).
A Boeing 747SP of the Yemeni government in Yemenia colors taking off from Frankfurt Airport (2004).

As of October 2013, the Yemenia commercial passenger fleet consists of the following aircraft with an average age of 14.5 years:[16][17]

Yemenia Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
F J Y Total
Airbus A310-300 3 0 0 12
12
18
176
187
195
188
199
213
Airbus A320-200 2 0 0 12 138 150
Boeing 747SP 1 0 0 0 275 275 Operated in VIP configuration
Airbus A330-200 2 0 18 0 259 277
Airbus A350-800 0 10[18] 18 0 265 283 Entry into service was planned for the first quarter of 2015.[19]
Ilyushin Il-76 5 0 TBA Cargo aircraft operated for Yemeni Air Force.
Total 10 10

Fleet development[edit]

Over the years, the airline has operated the following aircraft types:[4][17]


Aircraft Introduced Retired
Airbus A310
1995
Airbus A320
2011
Airbus A330
2004
Boeing 727
1989
2006
Boeing 737-200
1982
2005
Boeing 737-800
2002
2011
Dash 7
1981
1990
Douglas DC-3
Ilyushin Il-76
1998

Incidents and accidents[edit]

The by far worst accident in the history of the company occurred on 30 June 2009, when Yemenia Flight 626 from Sana'a to Moroni, Comoros crashed into the sea shortly before landing. Of the 142 passengers and eleven crew that had been on the Airbus A310-300 with the registration 7O-ADJ,[20] only a 12-year-old girl, Bahia Bakari, was recovered, alive and conscious, although suffering from extreme tiredness and hypothermia, cuts to her face and a fractured collar-bone.[21][22][23][24][25][26][27]

There were a number of further incidents and accidents:

  • On 3 November 1958, a Yemen Airlines (as the company was named at that time) Douglas C-47 Skytrain (registered YE-AAB) crashed near Poggiodomo in Italy, killing the eight people on board. The aircraft had been on a flight from Rome Ciampino Airport to Yemen with a planned stopover at Belgrade, carrying the Yemenite Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs.[28]
  • On 19 March 1969, a Yemen Airlines C-47 (registered 4W-AAS) crashed near Ta'izz during a post-maintenance test flight, killing the four occupants. It turned out that the elevator of the aircraft did work properly. Repair work had been done on that part, because it had been damaged some days earlier in a ground collision.[29]
  • On 16 September 1971, another Yemen Airlines C-47 (registered 4W-ABI) crashed near Rajince, Serbia when it encountered severe icing conditions, killing the five people on board. The aircraft had been on a multi-stopover flight from Yemen to Europe and had just departed Belgrade Airport.[30]
  • On 1 November 1972, a Yemen Airlines Douglas DC-3 (registered 4W-ABJ) was destroyed in a crash-landing at an airfield near Beihan.[31]
  • On 25 August 1973, a Yemen Airlines Douglas DC-6 was hijacked during a passenger flight from Ta'izz to Asmara. The perpetrator forced the pilots to divert the aircraft with fifteen other passenger and six crew members on board to Kuwait Airport, for which a refueling stop at Djibouti Airport turned out to be necessary. In Kuwait, the hijacker surrendered to local police forces.[32]
  • On 13 December 1973, a Yemen Airlines DC-3 (registered 4W-ABR) crashed near Ta'izz.[33]
  • On 23 February 1975, a Yemen Airlines DC-3 was hijacked during a flight from Al Hudaydah to Sana'a and forced to land at an airport in Saudi Arabia. There, the aircraft was stormed and the perpetrator overpowered.[34]
  • On 14 November 1978, a Yemen Airlines C-47 (registered 4W-ABY) was damaged beyond repair in a heavy landing at an airfield near Ma'rib.[35]
  • On 26 June 2000, a Yemenia Boeing 737-200C, registered 7O-ACQ, was damaged beyond repair when it veered off the runway upon landing at Khartoum International Airport following a cargo flight from Yemen.[21][36]
  • On 21 January 2001, Yemenia Flight 448, a Boeing 727-200 with 91 passengers and 10 crew on board, was hijacked 15 minutes into a flight from Sana'a to Ta'izz by an Iraqi man. The plane was forced to land at Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport, where the perpetrator was overpowered by the crew.[21][37]
  • On 1 August 2001, a Boeing 727-200 (registered 7O-ACW) was damaged beyond economic repair when it overran the runway upon landing at Asmara International Airport following a flight from Sana'a with 107 passengers and four crew on board, none of whom were significantly injured.[21][38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yemenia Sama Club homepage". Iye.frequentflyer.aero. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  2. ^ a b "History of the airline". Yemenia.com. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  3. ^ "Arab Air Carriers Organization: member airlines". Aaco.org. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Information on Yemenia at the Aero Transport Data Bank". Aerotransport.org. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  5. ^ a b "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 March 1970. 509
  6. ^ Ahmed Abdel-Karim Saif (1997). "Ahmed Abdel-Karim Saif, ''The politics of survival and the structure of control in the unified Yemen 1990-97''". Al-bab.com. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  7. ^ "Information about Alyemda at the Aviation Safety Network". Aerotransport.org. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  8. ^ "Yemenia background." Yemenia. Retrieved on 26 October 2009.
  9. ^ a b "Safety Information about Yemenia at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  10. ^ "Brown unveils security measures". BBC News. 20 January 2010. 
  11. ^ "Fire engulfs Yemenia airlines headquarters in Sana'a." Associated Press at The Independent. 12 June 2001. Retrieved on 20 May 2009.
  12. ^ a b c "Fire engulfs Yemeni airline building." Press TV. 3 June 2011. Retrieved on 3 June 2011.
  13. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 31 March-6 April 1999. p. 108. "Al-Hasaba, PO Box 1183, Airport Road, Sana a. Yemen"
  14. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 March-1 April 2002. p. 105. "Al-Hasaba, PO Box 1183, Airport Road, Sana'a. Yemen"
  15. ^ "Airport arrivals and departures". Flightstats.com. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  16. ^ "Yemenia fleet and seating configuration list". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Yemenia past and present fleet information". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  18. ^ "news item about Yemenia ordering 10 Airbus A350 aircraft". Middleeastaviation.aero. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  19. ^ Yemenia confirms Trent XWB order for A350 XWB fleet – takes Totalcare for Trent 700s[dead link]
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ a b c d "Yemenia Airways". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 28 November 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  22. ^ Allen, Peter (1 July 2009). "Yemeni plane crash: father tells how girl survivor was saved by God". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  23. ^ "Yemeni plane 'crashes in ocean' from BBC Breaking News". BBC News. 2009-06-30. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  24. ^ Amir, Ahmed; Andrew Cawthorne, Jon Hemming (29 June 2009). "Yemeni plane crashes in Comoros, 150 on board". News (Reuters). Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  25. ^ "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  26. ^ "Yemenia Airbus A310 Crashes – The Sky Isn’t Falling". PopSci.com.au. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  27. ^ "'Miracle' Crash Girl Survived 13 Hours at Sea". MSNBC (Redmond: MSNBC Interactive News). The Associated Press. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  28. ^ "1958 crash at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1958-11-03. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  29. ^ "1969 crash at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  30. ^ "1971 crash at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1971-09-16. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  31. ^ "1972 crash landing at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1972-11-01. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  32. ^ "1973 hijacking at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1973-08-25. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  33. ^ "1973 crash at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1973-12-13. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  34. ^ "1975 hijacking at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1975-02-23. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  35. ^ "1978 incident at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1978-11-14. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  36. ^ "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 20 November 2005. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  37. ^ "Hijacking Description". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 4 October 2005. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  38. ^ "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 

External links[edit]