Yemenia Flight 626

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Yemenia Flight 626
Yemenia A310-300 7O-ADJ CDG 2005-7-2.png
7O-ADJ, the aircraft involved in the accident (2005)
Date30 June 2009 (2009-06-30)
SummaryStalled on approach due to pilot error
SiteIndian Ocean, near Comoros
11°18′59″S 43°19′37″E / 11.31639°S 43.32694°E / -11.31639; 43.32694Coordinates: 11°18′59″S 43°19′37″E / 11.31639°S 43.32694°E / -11.31639; 43.32694
Aircraft typeAirbus A310-324
IATA flight No.IY626
ICAO flight No.IYE626
Call signYemenia 626
Flight originSana'a International Airport
DestinationPrince Said Ibrahim International Airport

Yemenia Flight 626 was an Airbus A310-324 twin-engine jet airliner, operated by Yemenia, flying a scheduled international service from Sana'a, Yemen, to Moroni, Comoros, that crashed on 30 June 2009 at around 1:50 am local time (22:50 on 29 June, UTC) while on approach to Prince Said Ibrahim International Airport, killing all but one of the 153 passengers and crew on board.[1][2] The sole survivor, 14-year-old Bahia Bakari, was found clinging to wreckage, after floating in the ocean for thirteen hours.[3][4][5] Bakari was discharged from the hospital on 23 July 2009.[6]

The final report on the incident concluded that the crew's inappropriate flight control inputs led to an aerodynamic stall. The report also noted that the crew did not react to the warnings being issued by the aircraft.[7]


The aircraft was an Airbus A310-324 twin-engine jetliner, registration 7O-ADJ, manufactured in 1990 as serial number 535. It was in service for 19 years and 3 months, and had accumulated 53,587 flight hours on 18,129 flight cycles at the time of the accident.[1][7][8]

Owned by the International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) the aircraft first entered service with Air Liberté on 30 May 1990. After leases to successive operators it was leased to Yemenia in September 1999, re-registered 7O-ADJ and remained in service with them until the accident.[9][10]

Dominique Bussereau, the French Minister of Transport, reported that the plane was inspected in 2007 by the French Directorate General for Civil Aviation and found to have a number of faults; since then, however, the aircraft had not returned to France, so it was never again inspected by the same authority.[2][11]

Flight history[edit]

Most of the passengers originated from Paris, where they had boarded Yemenia Flight 749, operated using an Airbus A330-200. There was a stopover at Marseille Provence Airport in Marseille, France, where additional passengers and crew boarded. After arriving at Sana'a International Airport in Sana'a, Yemen, passengers transferred to an Airbus A310 for Flight 626, which was due to arrive at Prince Said Ibrahim International Airport in Moroni, Comoros, at 2:30 am local time on 30 June.[12]

The flight crew members, all Yemeni, were Captain Khalid Hajeb (44), First Officer Ali Atif (50), and Flight Engineer Ali Salem. Of the cabin crew, three were Yemeni, two were Filipino, two were Moroccan, one was Ethiopian, and one was Indonesian.[13]

Captain Hajeb had been working for Yemenia since 1989 and became an A310 captain in 2005. He had 7,936 flight hours, including 5,314 hours on the Airbus A310. Hajeb had previously flown to Moroni 25 times. First officer Atif had been with the airline since 1980 and he was qualified to fly the Airbus A310 in 2004. Atif had 3,641 flight hours, with 3,076 on the Airbus A310 and had previously flown to Moroni 13 times.[7]: 11–12 


The crash occurred at night, off the north coast of Grande Comore, Comoros, in the Indian Ocean several minutes from the airport.[14] The aircraft was on approach to the airport, and was to land on runway 2. However, the aircraft continued past the point at which the approach required it to turn and then made a left turn towards the north, going off course. The aircraft then stalled and crashed into the sea.[15] An unnamed United Nations official at the airport said that the control tower had received a notification that the plane was approaching to land before losing contact.[16] An unseasonably strong cold front had moved through the Comoros Islands, bringing winds gusting to 64 km/h (40 mph; 35 kn) and conditions favorable for light to moderate turbulence.[17] Yemeni civil aviation deputy chief Mohammed Abdul Qader said the wind speed was 61 km/h (38 mph; 33 kn) at the time the aircraft was landing.[1]

Yemeni officials did not suspect foul play.[18] This was the third accident for Yemenia; the previous two were runway excursions with no fatalities, although one aircraft was written off.[19]

Search and recovery[edit]

According to the Comoran police, the nation possesses no sea rescue capabilities.[20] Two French military aircraft and a vessel began the formal search for Flight 626.[2] They were sent from Réunion and Mayotte.[12] The Comoros consists of three volcanic islands, Grande Comore, the main island; Anjouan; and Moheli. It is located in the Mozambique Channel, 190 miles (310 km) northwest of Madagascar and a similar distance east of the African mainland.[21] The Comoros archipelago includes Mayotte, which is French territory and not part of the Union of the Comoros. The wreckage was spotted off the coast of the town of Mitsamiouli, including a few bodies and large amounts of floating debris in the ocean.[22]

Survivor found[edit]

A 14-year-old girl, Bahia Bakari, was rescued after being spotted clinging to a piece of debris among bodies and wreckage.[3][4][23] She was picked up during rescue efforts by local fishermen and speedboats sent by authorities on Grande Comore.[24] She had been holding on to wreckage for 13 hours. Bakari had been traveling with her mother, who did not survive.[5] Bahia was released from the hospital in Paris on 23 July 2009.[6]

Continued searches[edit]

Five bodies were recovered at the same time that the lone survivor was rescued.[1] Another 22 bodies were recovered from Mafia Island in Tanzania during the second week of July 2009, and transferred to hospitals in Dar es Salaam.[25]

On 5 July 2009, the signals from the aircraft's flight recorders were detected.[26] The French oceanographic vessel Beautemps-Beaupré arrived at the Comoros on 15 July 2009, and by 23 July 2009 had completed a mapping of the ocean floor around the crash area, which helped pinpoint the exact location of the recorders.[27][28] Due to the great depth of the recorders' current location, the French navy had announced that it would employ underwater robots for the recovery operation, which began in August 2009.[28] The flight data recorder (FDR) was eventually recovered on 28 August from the Indian Ocean at a depth of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), while the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) was recovered on 29 August.[29][30]


The National Civil Aviation and Meteorological Agency (ANACM) of the Comoros was in charge of the investigation.[31] The Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety (BEA) sent an investigative team, accompanied by Airbus specialists, to assist in the investigation of the causes.[32] Yemen also sent a technical team to Moroni, while a committee, headed by the Yemeni Minister of Transport, was formed.[33] The BEA noted that due to corrosion damage on the memory cards, not all of the data from the CVR could be recovered.[34] The preliminary findings of the investigation pointed to pilot error as the cause of the accident, bringing objections from the Comoros and Yemeni authorities.[35] In November 2009, Yemenia announced that they were looking for a third party to investigate the accident, accusing the French of attacking Yemenia "day and night" and of "harassment". Yemenia stated that the investigation was "affecting the reputation of Yemen".[36] In 2011 the BEA criticized the Comorian authorities, saying that they are not releasing the report in a timely enough manner.[37]

On 25 June 2013, the Comoros investigative commission director Bourhane Ahmed Bourhane announced that "the accident was due to inappropriate action by the crew" during "an unstabilised manoeuvre."[38] A group of victims' family members called for a demonstration in Paris on 28 June 2013 to protest the final report.[39] According to the Yemen Post, Yemen suspects that the plane was taken down, despite a lack of any evidence indicating foul play.[40]

The investigation determined that the accident was caused by the inappropriate actions of the crew that led to a stall from which the aircraft did not recover. The approach was unstabilized, triggering various alarms for ground proximity, aircraft configuration and approach to stall. The crew was focused on navigating, were stressed, and did not respond adequately to the different alarms. Contributing to the accident were the windy weather conditions, a lack of training, the lack of a crew briefing before the flight, and a failure to correctly respond to the pull up alarm.[7]: 72 [41]

Passengers and crew[edit]

Bahia Bakari (left of centre, in black) at a one-year anniversary ceremony in Paris – Also in the picture are Daniel Goldberg, Annick Lepetit, and Stéphane Troussel [fr]

There were 142 passengers and 11 crew aboard. Most passengers are believed to be either Comorian or French nationals. There were also citizens of Canada, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Morocco, Israeli Arabs, the Philippines and Yemen on board the plane.[42] An airport source has claimed that 66 of the passengers held French citizenship, but many of those could be dual French-Comorian citizens.[2] Many may have been residents of Marseille, a French city with a large Comorian population, headed home for a vacation; the week of the accident marks the beginning of summer vacations for French school children.[1] The two other persons on board were said to be Europeans.[2][22][43] The three flight crew members were all Yemeni. Of the cabin crew, 3 were Yemeni, 2 were Filipino, 2 were Moroccan, 1 was Ethiopian, and 1 was Indonesian.[13]


The French Transport Minister Dominique Bussereau said that France banned this plane from its territory several years ago because "we believed it presented a certain number of irregularities in its technical equipment."[44] However, the Yemeni Transport Minister Khaled Ibrahim Alwazir declared the plane was in line with international standards and that "comprehensive inspection" had been undertaken in Yemen with experts from Airbus.[24] The Comoran community in France marched in Paris, in tribute to the victims of Flight 626.[45] They also disrupted Yemenia flights, protesting in French airports against the airline's safety record and preventing passengers from boarding or checking-in. As a result, Yemenia canceled indefinitely all its flights to and from Marseille[46] and all additional flights between Sana'a and Moroni.[47]

Burial and repatriation of bodies[edit]

As of Tuesday, 1 December 2009, remains of nine crew members had been retrieved and arrived in Sana'a. The crew members found were Captain Khalid Hajeb, First Officer Ali Atif, the three Yemeni cabin crew members, the two Moroccan cabin crew members, and the Ethiopian cabin crew member. One cabin crew member, Hamdi Wazea, was buried in Sana'a, while the other Yemenis who were found were buried in Aden. The bodies of the Moroccans were sent to Morocco, while the Ethiopian was sent to Addis Ababa. The crew members who had not been found included Yemeni engineer Ali Salem, the two Filipino cabin crew members, and the Indonesian cabin crew members. In the last two days leading to 1 December, 54 bodies were buried in Moroni.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Yemeni Jet Carrying 153 Crashes in Indian Ocean". Fox News. Associated Press. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Yemen jet crashes in Indian Ocean". BBC News. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Girl survives Yemen plane crash". BBC News. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Yemenia Survivor Could Barely Swim, Grabbed Debris, Father Says". Bloomberg. 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Bahia Bakari: Teen Survivor Of Comoros Crash A "True Miracle"". The Huffington Post. 2 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Yemenia crash survivor goes home". BBC News. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d "Rapport Final sur l'Accident Survenu le 29 Juin 2009 En mer au large de Moroni (Comores) De l'Airbus A310-324 Immatriculé 7O-ADJ Exploité par la compagnie Yemenia Airways" [Final Report on the Accident on June 29, 2009 At sea off Moroni (Comoros) Of the Airbus A310-324 Registered 7O-ADJ Operated by the company Yemenia Airways] (PDF) (in French). National Civil Aviation and Meteorological Agency. 25 June 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013 – via Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety.
  8. ^ "Current News". Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Centre. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  9. ^ "7O-ADJ Yemenia – Yemen Airways Airbus A310-304 – cn 535 (Amateur production list)". Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  10. ^ "Yemenia 7O-ADJ (Airbus A310 – MSN 535) (Ex F-GHEJ N535KR PP-PSE VP-BQU VR-BQU)". Airfleets aviation. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  11. ^ "France charges Yemenia Airways over deadly 2009 crash". BBC News. 29 January 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Bodies 'found' from crashed Yemeni airliner". France 24. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  13. ^ a b c "Yemenia crew bodies arrive in Sana'a Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Saba Net. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2001.
  14. ^ "French: Sub hears signal from Yemenia black boxes". Associated Press in Bismarck Tribune. 5 July 2009.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 3 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Yemeni plane crashes in ocean". The Taipei Times. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  17. ^ Vasquez, Tim (30 June 2009). "Yemenia Flight 626: A detailed meteorological analysis". Retrieved 2 July 2009.
  18. ^ "Child found alive after plane crashes in sea". CNN. 30 June 2009.
  19. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Yemenia Airways". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  20. ^ "Jet Goes Down in Indian Ocean With 153 Aboard". The New York Times. Reuters. 30 June 2009. ISSN 0362-4331.
  21. ^ Barrowclough, Anne (30 June 2009). "Plane with 150 on board crashes into Indian Ocean". The Times. London. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  22. ^ a b "Yemeni plane crashes with 154 aboard". CNN. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  23. ^ Moindjie, Ali (1 July 2009). "Yemenia plane crash survivor found swimming among bodies in Indian Ocean". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  24. ^ a b "Crashed plane's black box located". Yahoo News. 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  25. ^ "More Yemenia crash victims' bodies found". France 24. 10 July 2009. Archived from the original on 21 September 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  26. ^ "Yemenia crash jet signal detected". BBC News. 5 July 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
  27. ^ "Crash Yemenia: un navire français aux Comores pour les boîtes noires" [Yemenia Crash: a French ship in the Comoros for the black boxes] (in French). Agence France-Presse. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
  28. ^ a b "French navy detects Comoros crash black boxes". AP. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  29. ^ "Comoros crash 'black box' found". BBC. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2009.
  30. ^ "2nd black box recovered from Comoros plane crash". Associated Press. 29 August 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
  31. ^ "Flight IY 626 on 30 June 2009 A310-300, registered 7O-ADJ Archived 7 July 2013 at" [sic] Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  32. ^ "Press release 30 June 2009". BEA. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  33. ^ Update: Press Release, High Commission of Civil Aviation Accidents Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Yemen Post
  34. ^ "Rapport d'étape sur l'Accident Survenu le 29 Juin 2009 En mer au large de Moroni (Comores) De l'Airbus A310-324 Immatriculé 7O-ADJ Exploité par la compagnie Yemenia Airways" [Progress report on the Accident on June 29, 2009 at sea off Moroni (Comoros) to the Airbus A310-324 Registered 7O-ADJ operated by the company Yemenia Airways] (PDF) (in French). National Civil Aviation and Meteorological Agency. 25 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2018 – via Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety.
  35. ^ Pasztor, Andy (10 November 2009). "Pilot Error Suspected in Yemenia Airways Crash". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  36. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max. "Dubai 09: Yemenia seeks third party to investigate A310 crash". Flight International. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  37. ^ Wall, Robert. "BEA Blasts Comoros Over Yemenia Crash." Aviation Week. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  38. ^ "Crew to blame for 2009 Comoros plane crash: probe". Fox News. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  39. ^ "Yemenia: la colère des familles de victimes" [Yemenia: the anger of the families of the victims]. Info la Reunion (in French). 27 June 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  40. ^ "Yemenia takes the blame over Comoros crash, 2009". Yemen Post. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  41. ^ Hradecky, Simon (29 June 2013). "Crash: Yemenia A313 near Moroni on Jun 30th 2009, impacted ocean". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  42. ^ "Fingers pointed at Yemenia Airways after Airbus crash". France 24. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  43. ^ Amir, Ahmed; Cawthorne, Andrew; Hemming, Jon (29 June 2009). "Yemeni plane crashes in Comoros, 150 on board". News. Reuters. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  44. ^ "France 'banned Yemen crash plane'". BBC News. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  45. ^ "La communauté comorienne manifeste à Paris" [The Comorian community demonstrates in Paris]. Le Monde (in French). 5 July 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  46. ^ "Yemenia suspends flights to and from Marseille". France 24. 3 July 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  47. ^ "Yemenia to maintain regular Sana'a-Moroni flights". France 24. 5 July 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.

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