Yen and yuan sign
yen and yuan sign
|In Unicode||U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (¥)|
|Currency||Japanese yen and Chinese yuan|
|U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN|
|See also||U+5143 元 (Yuan)|
U+5186 円 (Yen)
|Different from||U+04B0 Ұ CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER STRAIGHT U WITH STROKE|
The yen and yuan sign, ¥, is a currency sign used for the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan currencies when writing in Latin scripts. This monetary symbol resembles a Latin letter Y with a single or double horizontal stroke. The symbol is usually placed before the value it represents, for example: ¥50, or JP¥50 and CN¥50 when disambiguation is needed. When writing in Japanese and Chinese, the Japanese kanji and Chinese character is written following the amount, for example ５０円 in Japan, and ５０元 or ５０圆 in China.
The Unicode code point is U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (¥). Additionally, there is a full width character,
￥, at code point U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN[a] for use with wide fonts, especially East Asian fonts.
There was no code-point for this symbol in the original (7-bit) US-ASCII and consequently many early systems reassigned
5C (allocated to the backslash (\) in ASCII) to the yen sign. With the arrival of 8-bit encoding, the ISO/IEC 8859-1 ("ISO Latin 1") character set assigned code point
A5 to the ¥ in 1985; Unicode continues this encoding.
In JIS X 0201, of which Shift JIS is an extension, assigns code point
0x5C to the Latin-script yen sign: as noted above, this is the code used for the backslash in ASCII. This standard was widely adopted in Japan.
Microsoft adopted the ISO code
A5 in Windows-1252 for the Americas and Western Europe but Japanese-language locales of Microsoft operating systems use the code page 932 character encoding, which is a variant of Shift JIS. Hence, 0x5C is displayed as a yen sign in Japanese-locale fonts on Windows. It is nonetheless used wherever a backslash is used, such as the directory separator character (for example, in
C:¥) and as the general escape character (
¥n). It is mapped onto the Unicode U+005C REVERSE SOLIDUS (i.e. backslash), while Unicode U+00A5 YEN SIGN is given a one-way "best fit" mapping to 0x5C in code page 932, and 0x5C is displayed as a backslash in Microsoft's documentation for code page 932, essentially making it a backslash given the appearance of a yen sign by localized fonts. The won sign ₩ has similar issues in Korean versions of Windows.
IBM's Code page 437 used code point
9D for the ¥ and this encoding was also used by several other computer systems. The ¥ is assigned code point B2 in EBCDIC 500 and many other EBCDIC code pages.
円, 元, and 圆/圓
The Japanese kanji (yen), and Chinese character and (yuan) are used when writing in Japanese and Chinese. In Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau and Singapore, although the currency is written with a dollar sign ($) (or HK$, NT$, MOP$ or S$ when necessary to indicate which dollar is meant) in Latin script, it is also rendered as and / (yuan) when writing in Chinese. The name of the North Korean and South Korean won (₩) comes from the equivalent hanja ( , won).
In the 1993 Turkmen orthography, the Yen sign was used as the capital form of ÿ and represented the sound /j/. It was replaced with Ý.
- In the block "Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms"
- Kaplan, Michael S. (2005-09-17). "When is a backslash not a backslash?". Archived from the original on 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
- "CP932.TXT". Unicode Consortium. Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- "Lead byte NULL — Code page 932". Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2017-09-24. Retrieved 2017-09-28.