Yeniköy (Turkish: Yeniköy, "New Village"; in Greek known as Neohorion (Greek: Νεοχώριον) or Neohori (Greek: Νεοχώρι) or Nihori (Greek: Νιχώρι or Νηχώρι)), sometimes also referred to as Yeni Kioi, is a neighbourhood in the Sarıyer district of Istanbul, Turkey. It is located on the European shores of the Bosphorus strait, between the neighbourhoods of İstinye and Tarabya.
The settlement in the area began in the 16th century and became a prestigious place of residence in the 19th century.
The Köybaşı Caddesi (Köybaşı Avenue) runs through the neighbourhood close to the Bosphorus shoreline.
Yeniköy was until the 1955 Istanbul pogrom a neighbourhood with a considerable Greek population as well as Armenian and Jewish communities. The Surp Asdvadzadzin Armenian church and the Yeniköy Synagogue survive to this day.
Notable buildings and sites
The suburb is home to several exclusive yalıs that used to be owned by Ottoman era prominent figures. The small Osman Reis mosque was built by Alexander Vallaury in 1904 on the site of a 17th-century mosque. Vallaury also designed the Ahmed Afif Paşa Yalısı behind it, where Agatha Christie stayed as a guest in 1933 while writing Murder on the Orient Express.
There are several Christian churches in the neighbourhood. The Greek Orthodox church of Dormition of the Mother of God (Panayia Kumariotisa Rum Ortodoks Kilisesi, Koybaşı Cad. No. 108) was built in 1837 at the request of sultan Mahmud II′s personal physician Stefanos Karatheodori (Greek: Στέφανος Καραθεοδωρής). His and his son Alexander Karatheodori Pasha′s tombstones are next to the wooden bell tower west of the church.
The Egyptian Greek poet Constantine Cavafy lived here together with his parents in 1882–1885 as an adolescent; his bust is in the yard of the Panagia church. In his poem "Nihori" (Greek: Το Nιχώρι) (1885), he praises the place.
- Türker, Orhan: Nihori´den Yeniköy´e. Bir Boğaziçi Köyünün Hikayesi. Sel Yayıncılık, Istanbul. 2004.
Media related to Yeniköy, Istanbul at Wikimedia Commons
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