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Yeolmukimchi 2.jpg
Alternative namesYoung summer radish kimchi
Place of originKorea
Main ingredientsYeolmu (young summer radish)
Food energy
(per 100 g serving)
32 kcal (134 kJ)
Korean name
Revised Romanizationyeolmu-gimchi

Yeolmu-kimchi[1] (열무김치) or young summer radish kimchi[1] is one of the many types of Kimchi, a popular banchan (Korean: 반찬, Korean side dish). Although yeolmu radish (young summer radish) has small and thin taproots that do not have much use, its thick and abundant green leaves are constantly used throughout spring and summer to make yeolmu-kimchi. Yeolmu-kimchi is popular in the summer and is often eaten with cold noodles.[2]


In preparation, all the withered and rugged leaves are removed from the yeolmu radish. The roots remain uncut and the ends are simply trimmed. With a knife, the thick roots are gently scraped and all the soil is removed from the young radish. Afterwards, it is sprinkled with salt water. Green onions are cut diagonally and the garlic and ginger are mashed. The red pepper is sliced into small bits.[3]

In the immersion process, the yeolmu is slightly washed and cut into pieces convenient for eating. Afterwards, the red pepper, the mashed garlic, the ginger, the green onions and shrimp sauce are mixed together with the young radish. At the end, a small amount of salt water is added to the mixture.[3]


Due to the softness and flavor of the leaves, they are the primary ingredients in many foods rather than the roots (the white radish). The leaves are alkaline foods rich in fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, and low in calories. When picking out yeolmu, young, small and thin ones are recommended over the aged yeolmu, which tend to be thicker. It is recommended that Yeolmu is eaten as soon as possible due to the fact that it withers quickly. Any leftovers are stored in refrigeration.[4]

Nutritional composition of typical kimchi[5]
Nutrients per 100 g Nutrients per 100 g
Food energy 32 kcal Moisture 88.4 g
Crude protein 2.0 g Crude Lipid 0.6 g
Total sugar 1.3 g Crude fiber 1.2 g
Crude ash 0.5 g Calcium 45 mg
Phosphorus 28 mg Vitamin A 492 IU
Vitamin B1 0.03 mg Vitamin B2 0.06 mg
Niacin 2.1 mg Vitamin C 21 mg


On January 30, 2013, Yeolmu Kimchi was voted as people's favourite type of Kimchi (excluding Napa Cabbage Kimchi, which is the most commonly eaten type of Kimchi) in an online poll. In the poll, which involved a total of 3532 bloggers, Yeolmu Kimchi received 875 (24.8%) votes. Dongchimi came 2nd with 13.9% of the votes.[6]


  1. ^ a b (in Korean) "주요 한식명(200개) 로마자 표기 및 번역(영, 중, 일) 표준안" [Standardized Romanizations and Translations (English, Chinese, and Japanese) of (200) Major Korean Dishes] (PDF). National Institute of Korean Language. 2014-07-30. Retrieved 2017-02-23. Lay summary.
  2. ^ "Types of Kimchi". Easy Korean Food Ltd. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b "열무김치". NHN Corp. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Young Radish". doopedia. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  5. ^ from Korea Food Research Institute
  6. ^ Kim, Min Kyung. "종가집, 여름엔 '열무김치' 겨울엔 '동치미' 인기". Seoul Finance. Retrieved 17 May 2013.

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