Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park

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Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park
Yerevan 2800th anniversary park (10).jpg
Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park
TypePublic
LocationArmenia Kentron District, Yerevan, Armenia
Coordinates40°10′31″N 44°30′26″E / 40.17528°N 44.50722°E / 40.17528; 44.50722Coordinates: 40°10′31″N 44°30′26″E / 40.17528°N 44.50722°E / 40.17528; 44.50722
Area1.25 hectares (3.1 acres)
Created2019
Operated byYerevan City Council
Vardanyan Family Charity Foundation (99 years)
StatusOpen all year

Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park (Armenian: Երևանի 2800-ամյակին նվիրված այգի), was opened on 10 May, 2019. The park is a gift for the residents of Yerevan from Mikayel and Karen Vardanyans on the 2800th anniversary of the foundation of Yerevan city. The park is surrounded by the streets of Italy, Beirut, Khorenatsi and Saint Grigor Lusavorich. The park stretches between the statues of Stepan Shaumian and Alexander Miasnikian.[1][2]

History[edit]

“Vardanyan Family” Charity Foundation’s memorial

Previously this area was a marginal part of the English Park. After the construction of the Italy Street in 2002, this site seemed to have turned into an island. Due to the lack of maintenance, the area was in a poor condition and ceased to serve as a park area. There were only old and seek trees, obsolete and damaged benches, remains destroyed and non-functioning fountains. It was in this area that in 2018-2019 the Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park was constructed. It took half a year to create the project and another year and a half to complete the construction of the park. During the construction, everything has been changed including the soil replacement. [3]

The grand opening ceremony of the park, that took place on May, 2019,[4] was attended by the Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan, the Mayor of Yerevan Hayk Marutyan and numerous guests.[5] The park was built with the financial support provided by the “Vardanyan Family” Charity Foundation. The author of the project is Karen Vardanyan. The amount of 5 million 300 thousand US dollars has been spent on the implementation of this project.

Besides, the construction of the park, from the 2019 the “Vardanyan Family” Charity Foundation will also cover the expenses of care and maintenance of the park for a period of 99 years.[6]

Green area[edit]

The green area of the park is 7,500 sq.m. There are 369 trees of 70 species in the park. Taking into consideration the climate conditions of Armenia, 250 unique and exotic trees such as Fagus sylvatica “Purpurea Tricolor”, Hamamelis “Ruby Glow”, Magnolia acuminata, Oxydendrum arboreum, Stewartia pseudocamellia, Heptacodium miconioides, Pterostyrax hispidus and others were carefully selected and imported for planting purposes in the park. The colorful flowerbeds stand out for their unique beauty. The park is surrounded both sides by a fence of bushes of Ligustrum vulgare species. Green areas are irrigated by an automated drip and sprinkler autonomous system. Irrigation is carried out only at night in order not to disturb visitors.

Fountains[edit]

Every year the park fountains are turned on in the beginning of April and turned off by the end of October depending on weather condition. All the fountains [7] run daily from 11:00AM to midnight and in April and October to 09:00PM. The fountains’ lighting is automatically turned on in the evening at dusk and is turned off at midnight.

In the park, there are 5 types of fountains with multicolored lighting and granite basins: pedestrian, with ascending waters, rotating, sparkling and arched. The basins of all the foundations in the park are made of 2 color granite tiles. Granite tiles are engraved with Armenian traditional ornaments.

The fountain complex consists of 10 pools-5 on each side, and 2,800 water jet fountains decorated with Armenian ornaments made of aluminum. There are drinking fountains on both ends of the complex. The design of granite and aluminum patterns for each of the 10 basins is unique and unrepeatable.

In the central part of the park, there is a map of pink quartzite with engraved names of 12 administrative districts of Yerevan. The map is surrounded by fountains.

A water arch with 30 water jets was installed at the end of the park. According to the visitors’ beliefs, walking through the arched fountain has a healing effect.

A square engraved in the form of the smaller scale map of Yerevan city with its 45 rising water jets was also constructed. It is equipped with four sensors that enable changing the dynamics of the fountain by touching. In the evening, the area is surrounded by illuminated colorful fog, periodically emerging from the surface of the ground. Hrazdan river with its 4 bridges is also symbolized on the map in blue granite.

Unlike ordinary fountains, an underground facility with its pools, modern systems of pipes and pumps has been built to ensure the maintenance and beautiful appearance of the fountains of this park and to provide the safety and comfort of visitors.

Block Pavement[edit]

The 5,420 sq.m. block pavement is made of 500,000 pieces of 7 types of granite cobbles 10x10x5 cm in size. The entire surface under the pavement is reinforced by concrete and has its own drainage system. The pavement patterns are almost entirely taken from the ornaments of ancient traditional Armenian carpets, and a small part of the ornaments repeats the patterns of Erebuni fortress of the Urartian era.

In the center of the pavement there is a narrow oblong rug path decorated with patterns of Armenian carpets. The decoration system of carpets, particularly of “ Chartar” type (characterized by interconnected chains of diamond-shaped large creations) is in the base of the rug structure. The main composition of the late period dragon carpet of “Khndzoresk” type is represented. It contains the symbol of the Sun representing the eternal conflict between good and evil and eight stylizations of the Dragon surrounding the Sun. The patterns of the “tree of life” initiated from the Sun symbol represent the victory of good and the idea of eternal life. The linear version of the central sector of the dragon carpet “Guhar” woven in 1680 is in the center of the large diamond-shaped ornament. The corners are decorated with stylized dragon figures typical to the late period-dragon carpets of “Masyatsotn” type, and with ladder-shaped diamond-shaped patterns typical to “Chartar” type carpets.

Statues[edit]

Seven bronze statues are installed in the park which were ordered and created especilly for the park. The entrance of the park is decorated with bull and lion bronze statues made by analogy with the frescoes of Erebuni fortress. In four corners of the fountain which has the form of the map of Yerevan there are 4 bronze statues of children (“Caring”, Imagination”, “Happiness”, Chastity”), as well as there is a statue of a child with a boat (“Childhood”) on the site symbolizing the Yerevan lake. The statues represent the images of children of Yerevan city of 1970-1980s.[8]

According to visitors’ beliefs, water from the drinking fountains of the statue named “Caring” has rejuvenating abilities. A group of sculptors headed by Armen Samvelyan has created the statues, which are installed in the park.

Interesting facts[edit]

On the territory of the park there are 76 benches, 62 garbage cans and 126 lampposts with original design. The largest number of tree species, benches, garbage cans and lampposts per 1 sq.m. in Armenia can be found in Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park.[9]

The ornaments and aluminum patterns on the granite surfaces of the architectural elements in the park are made with patterns of famous architectural monuments created by Alexander Tamanian, Jim Torosian, Mark Grigorian, Rafayel Israyelian and Stepan Kurkchian. At the end of the park there is Alexander Miasnikian’s statue (Ara Shiraz, architect Jim Torosyan), erected in 1980. Anyway, Alexander Miasnikian’s statue has no relationship with the park, which is under the jurisdiction of Yerevan Municipality. The statue is maintained by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia.

A wind sensor is installed in the park, by which, depending on the strength of the wind, the arched fountain automatically turns off, and the water jets of the other fountains are reduced in order not to spray visitors. In the park there is an obelisk with symbols of Erebuni fortress and Yerevan city, presenting a brief information about the park in 4 languages. The main precondition presented by the philanthropists Mikael and Karen Vardanyans to Yerevan Municipality is that the park must remain the property of the Yerevan community, and any business activity on the territory of the park must be banned. The entrance to the park is free.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Երեւանի 2800-ամյակի այգին՝ սենսորային շատրվաններով ու արձանիկներով". Առավոտ – Լուրեր Հայաստանից. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Երևանի 2800-ամյակին նվիրված այգին պատրաստ կլինի 2019-ի գարնանը (վիդեո)" (in Armenian). panarmenian.net. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Բացվեց Երևանի 2800-ամյակին նվիրված պուրակը" (in Armenian). azatutyun.am. 10 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Park on 2800th anniversary of Yerevan to open for Armenians in spring (video)". aysor.am. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  5. ^ "PM attends inauguration of Yerevan-2800 Park". primeminister.am. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Երեւանի 2800 ամյակին նվիրված այգի կհիմնվի" (in Armenian). armenpress.am. 26 December 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Yerevan 2800 Park". armeniadiscovery.com. 4 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Statues of the Yerevan 2800th Anniversary Park". a1plus.am. 10 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Park of 2800th anniversary of Yerevan is open". yerevan.am. 10 May 2019.