Yeronga Fire Station

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Yeronga Fire Station
YerongaFS.jpg
Building as of November 2018
Location785 Ipswich Road, Yeronga, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Coordinates27°31′18″S 153°01′31″E / 27.5218°S 153.0254°E / -27.5218; 153.0254Coordinates: 27°31′18″S 153°01′31″E / 27.5218°S 153.0254°E / -27.5218; 153.0254
Design period1919 - 1930s (interwar period)
Built1934
ArchitectAtkinson and Conrad
Official name: Yeronga Fire Station (former), Queensland State Emergency Service Office
Typestate heritage (built)
Designated23 April 1999
Reference no.602144
Significant period1934 (fabric)
1934-1974 (historical)
Significant componentsdriveway, residential accommodation - superintendent's house/quarters, shed/s, dormitory, watch room, recreation area/room/building/hall/centre, engine room / appliance bay (fire station)
BuildersWilliam Allen Miller
Yeronga Fire Station is located in Queensland
Yeronga Fire Station
Location of Yeronga Fire Station in Queensland
Yeronga Fire Station is located in Australia
Yeronga Fire Station
Yeronga Fire Station (Australia)

Yeronga Fire Station is a heritage-listed former fire station at 785 Ipswich Road, Yeronga, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It was designed by architectural firm Atkinson and Conrad, and built in 1934 by contractor William Allen Miller.[1] It is a two-storey timber structure adjacent to Yeronga Park, and originally housed the station facilities on the ground floor and a residence for the superintendent on the first floor, a combination typical for Brisbane fire stations of this era.

The station was decommissioned in 1974, when operations were shifted to the new station at Acacia Ridge. It was subsequently used as offices for the Queensland State Emergency Service, but was put up for sale by the Department of Natural Resources in 1999; as of 2014, the building was being used as offices for a consulting firm. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 23 April 1999.[2][3]

History[edit]

A modest, functional civic building, the former Yeronga Fire Station on the corner of School Road and Ipswich Road within Yeronga Memorial Park, is a prominent landmark on the busy Brisbane arterial, Ipswich Road,[2]

Between 1860 and 1868 there were five attempts to form a fire fighting service for Brisbane. Each brigade struggled to survive unable to attract a viable subscription base and hampered by inadequate equipment and an unreliable water supply. The establishment of an effective fire service did not enjoy a high priority among civic and government leaders.[2]

A fifth brigade, the City Volunteer Fire Brigade, was established in 1868 under rules which provided for better financial control and management through the Fire Brigade Board. These arrangements were consolidated by the Fire Brigades Act of 1881 under which it was established that the Brigade was to be funded for fire services from contributions by the Queensland Government, Brisbane Municipal Council, insurance companies and subscriptions. In 1889 the first full-time firemen were employed and a permanent fire brigade was established. A new headquarters, designed by Henry Wallace Atkinson, was completed on the corner of Ann and Edwards Streets (on a corner of the Normal School site) in 1890. This began a long association between the Fire Brigade and the various architectural firms with whom he was associated.[2]

With the establishment of the South Coast railway in 1884, Yeronga was recognised as a desirable commuter suburb. Settlement of the suburb remained subdued until the interwar years when residential building activity increased dramatically, with the number of residences in Yeronga doubling. At this time, the Metropolitan Fire Brigades Board was attempting to respond to the increased fire fighting needs of the expanding Brisbane suburbs. In the 1930s, the Board was resiting old stations and erecting new stations under a program funded by Queensland Government, instigated by the Minister for Health and Home Affairs, Ned Hanlon. The former Yeronga Fire Station, the first fire station in Yeronga, was erected under this program by contractor William Allen Miller and opened by Mr William Brian Denmead, chairman of the Metropolitan Fire Brigades Board, on 18 April 1934.[4] The new building housed the station facilities on the ground floor and a residence for the superintendent on the first floor. This combination of station and residence was the typical design for fire stations in Brisbane at this time. Similar, though larger, residential fire stations were built at Coorparoo in 1935 (Coorparoo Fire Station); Nundah in 1936 (Nundah Fire Station); Wynnum in 1938 (Wynnum Fire Station) and Hamilton 1941.[2]

During World War II, Yeronga Park was used by the United States Army as a military camp.[5] An effigy of Adolf Hitler was hung from the awning at the fire station.[6]

The Yeronga Fire Station was decommissioned in 1974 when operations were relocated to the new Acacia Ridge Station. It was subsequently used as an office for the Queensland State Emergency Service, but was deemed to be surplus to requirements and put up for sale by the Department of Natural Resources in 1999.[2] As of 2014, the building was being used as offices for a consulting firm.[3]

Description[edit]

On the southeast corner of Yeronga Park, the former Yeronga Fire Station is a two-storey timber framed structure, clad with weatherboards to the lower level and battened fibro sheeting to the upper level, beneath a red terracotta tiled gabled roof. A discreet awning with a pressed metal edging decorated with pateras and fluting shelters the engine room entrance to the School Road frontage and is supported by steel tie-rods fixed to the exterior of the first floor.[2]

Rectangular in plan, the ground floor contains an engine room, watchroom, dormitory, kitchen, bathroom and recreation room. Tall, vertical, timber, bifold, counterweighted doors to School Road open into the engine room around which the other rooms are arranged in an L-shape. The concrete floor to the engine room has been painted green but the red fire engine guide tracks are evident in areas where the paint has worn. The watchroom is at the front of the station off the engine room and opens into the adjacent dormitory. The fireman's pole terminated in a small hall in the centre of the building to the rear of the engine room. The pole has been removed. The kitchen, bathroom and dormitory open off this hall. The recreation room is to the rear of the station off the engine room and opening to the rear yard. All ground floor rooms are lined with tongue-and-groove boarding and have fibro sheeted battened ceilings. The dormitory contains built-in timber cupboards and tilting fanlights to the engine room wall. The bathroom has a terrazzo floor. A serving hatch has been cut into the wall between the kitchen and the recreation room.[2]

A dog-leg timber stair at the rear of the station connects to entrance to the residential accommodation for the station superintendent above which contains three bedrooms, living room, kitchen, bathroom and hall. A laundry, on a suspended concrete slab supported by concrete piers, is off the landing of the dog-leg stair. The entrance to the residence opens off a small sheltered porch at the top of the stair through an arched doorway into a central hall. The smaller bedrooms and bathroom are through an arched opening to the west of the hall and the kitchen and living room open to the east and south of the hall. The cupboard to the east of the hall that housed the fireman's pole is now used for storage. The kitchen no longer functions as a kitchen but cupboards to the west and an arched recess and broom cupboard to the south remain. The bedroom to the northwest and the bathroom have been converted to toilets. The living room has an arched recess and opens to an enclosed verandah to the southeast. The wall separating bedrooms one and two has been removed. All rooms are lined with tongue-and-groove boarding and have fibro sheeted and battened ceilings. The battening to the ceiling in bedroom one forms a lozenge-like pattern.[2]

A small, tubular-steel and chain wire gate to the west of the station opens to a drained, concrete path continuous about the west, north and east of the station. A battered bank rises up on each side of the concrete path to the level of the park behind. Concrete vehicle tracks from Ipswich Road gateway finish at the rear of the station. Repairs to the northeast corner of the concrete path indicate the location of an earlier tank stand. Two timber sheds have been erected to the rear of the station for storage and additional office accommodation.[2]

Tarpaulins protecting the roof following damage during the 2014 Brisbane hailstorm

On 27 November 2014, it was damaged by hail and rain in the 2014 Brisbane hailstorm.

Heritage listing[edit]

The former Yeronga Fire Station was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 23 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.[2]

The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.

The former Yeronga Fire Station is an important example of the upgrading of fire stations undertaken in Brisbane suburbs by the Queensland Government through the Metropolitan Fire Board during the 1930s.[2]

The former Yeronga Fire Station is important in demonstrating the growth of Yeronga during the 1930s.[2]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

The former Yeronga Fire Station is an important example of the architecture and planning of Brisbane suburban fire stations of the 1930s. The interiors in both the operational and domestic areas are substantially intact.[2]

The place is important because of its aesthetic significance.

The former Yeronga Fire Station has aesthetic and architectural significance as a modest, functional civic building. Robust and austere, it is a landmark on Ipswich Road, a busy Brisbane arterial.[2]

The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The former Yeronga Fire Station is important as one of a number of civic and community service buildings located within Yeronga Park.[2]

The place has a special association with the life or work of a particular person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland's history.

The former Yeronga Fire Station is an important example of the work of the architectural firm Atkinson and Conrad. Atkinson, through the firms he was associated with, sustained a long association with the Fire Services in Brisbane commencing in 1890 with his design for the new headquarters for the Brisbane Fire Brigade. His architectural practices were responsible for many of the fire stations throughout Brisbane.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TENDER ACCEPTED". The Courier-mail (101). Queensland, Australia. 22 December 1933. p. 19. Retrieved 11 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Yeronga Fire Station (former) (entry 602144)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Contact". Deborah Wilson Consulting Services. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  4. ^ "EXTENDING FIRE PROTECTION". The Courier-mail (200). Queensland, Australia. 19 April 1934. p. 17. Retrieved 11 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "Camp Yeronga Park (US)". Queensland WWII Historic Places. Queensland Government. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Yeronga fire station, built in 1934, for sale". News.com.au. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

Attribution[edit]

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article was originally based on "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). The geo-coordinates were originally computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).

External links[edit]

Media related to Yeronga Fire Station at Wikimedia Commons