Yershichsky District

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Yershichsky District
Ершичский район (Russian)
Location Yershichsky District Smolensk Oblast.svg
Location of Yershichsky District in Smolensk Oblast
Coordinates: 53°24′49″N 32°47′06″E / 53.41361°N 32.78500°E / 53.41361; 32.78500Coordinates: 53°24′49″N 32°47′06″E / 53.41361°N 32.78500°E / 53.41361; 32.78500
Церковь в с.Корсики.JPG
Former church in the village of Korsiki
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Smolensk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of August 2012)
Administrative center selo of Yershichi[1]
Administrative divisions:[1]
rural settlement 9
Inhabited localities:[1]
Rural localities 79
Municipal structure (as of November 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Yershichsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 9
Statistics
Area (administrative district) (August 2012) 1,039.00 km2 (401.16 sq mi)[1]
Population (2010 Census) 7,102 inhabitants[3]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 6.84/km2 (17.7/sq mi)[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Official website
Yershichsky District on WikiCommons

Yershichsky District (Russian: Ершичский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Smolensk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast and borders with Roslavlsky District in the north, Dubrovsky District of Bryansk Oblast in the east, Kletnyansky District, also of Bryansk Oblast, in the south, Khotsimsk District of Mogilev Region of Belarus in the southwest, Klimavichy District of Mogilev Region in the west, and with Shumyachsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,039.00 square kilometers (401.16 sq mi).[1] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Yershichi.[1] Population: 7,102 (2010 Census);[3] 8,859 (2002 Census);[6] 11,544 (1989 Census).[7] The population of Yershichi accounts for 44.6% of the district's total population.[3]

Geography[edit]

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Sozh River, a left tributary of the Dnieper. The major tributaries of the Sozh (both left) flowing through the district are the Besed River (which has its source in Yershichsky District) and the Iput River. Yershichi is located on the right bank of the Iput River.

History[edit]

Historically, the area belonged intermittently to the Principality of Smolensk and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, subsequently to Poland. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Smolensk Governorate and remained there until 1929, with the exception of the brief periods between 1713 and 1726, when it belonged to Riga Governorate, and between 1775 and 1796, when Smolensk Governorate was transformed into Smolensk Viceroyalty. It belonged to Roslavlsky Uyezd.

On 12 July 1929, governorates and uyezds were abolished, and Yershichsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Yershich was established. The district belonged to Roslavl Okrug of Western Oblast. On August 1, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were subordinated directly to the oblast. In 1932, the district was abolished and split between Roslavlsky and Kletnyansky Districts of Western Oblast. In 1935, it was re-established. On 27 September 1937 Western Oblast was abolished and split between Oryol and Smolensk Oblasts. Yershichsky District was transferred to Smolensk Oblast. Between August 1941 and 1943, during WWII, the district was occupied by German troops. In 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Yershichsky District was merged into Shumyachsky District. In 1972, it was re-established.[8]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are several enterprises in the district producing construction materials.[9]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specializations are cattle and pig breeding with meat and milk production as well as growing of crops and potatoes.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Yershichi is connected by paved roads with Roslavl and with Shumyachi. There are local roads as well.

Culture and recreation[edit]

There is a private ethnographic museum in a ghost village of Novaya Matsilevka, which is unattended.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Resolution #261
  2. ^ a b c Law #86-z
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. ^ Борис Парфенов; Ольга Хоренженкова. "К истории формирования Смоленской области" (in Russian). Смоленск. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Промышленность" (PDF) (in Russian). Yershichsky District Administration. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Сельское хозяйство" (PDF) (in Russian). Yershichsky District Administration. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  11. ^ Demochkina, Mariya (24 December 2015). "В гостях у Васяпка. В Ершичском районе открылся музей в заброшенной деревне". Rabochy Put (in Russian). Retrieved 12 September 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Администрация Смоленской области. Постановление №261 от 30 апреля 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области», в ред. Постановления №464 от 27 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Administration of Smolensk Oblast. Resolution #261 of April 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #464 of June 27, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. ).
  • Смоленская областная Дума. Закон №86-з от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом муниципального района муниципального образования "Ершичский район" Смоленской области, об установлении границ муниципальных образований, территории которых входят в его состав, и наделении их статусом сельских поселений», в ред. Закона №110-з от 23 ноября 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "О наделении статусом муниципального района муниципального образования "Ершичский район" Смоленской области, об установлении границ муниципальных образований, территории которых входят в его состав, и наделении их статусом сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Смоленской областной Думы и Администрации Смоленской области", №12, часть II, стр. 291, 5 декабря 2004 г. (Smolensk Oblast Duma. Law #86-z of December 2, 2004 On Granting the Status of the Municipal District to the Municipal Formation of "Yershichsky District" of Smolensk Oblast, on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Whose Territories It Comprises, and on Granting Them Rural Settlement Status, as amended by the Law #110-z of November 23, 2011 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Granting the Status of the Municipal District to the Municipal Formation of "Yershichsky District" of Smolensk Oblast, on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Whose Territories It Comprises, and on Granting Them Rural Settlement Status". Effective as of the official publication date.).