Yervandashat (ancient city)
|Location||1 km east of the current village of Yervandashat, Armenia, on the right bank of Aras River in modern-day Turkey|
|Builder||King Orontes IV of Armenia|
Yervandashat or Eruandashat (Armenian: Երվանդաշատ), was an Armenian city and one of the 13 historic capitals of Armenia, serving as a capital city between 210 and 176 BC during the Orontid rule over Armenia and the beginning of their successors; the Artaxiad dynasty.
Yervandashat was built around 210 BC by the last Orontid king Orontes IV of Armenia. It was at a height on the right bank of Aras River, in the Arsharunik canton of Ayrarat province of Armenia Major. Its site is 1 km east[clarification needed] of the modern Armenian village of Yervandashat, in the current Turkish Province of Iğdır.
The archaeological site has not been the subject of major research, but preliminarily, the fortifications and some remains of palaces have been uncovered.
- Cyrille Toumanoff. Studies in Christian Caucasian history. — Georgetown University Press, 1963. — С. 75.:"The capitals of Armenia were successively: Armavira or Armawir of the Orontids (Manandyan, O torgovle 37) until the transfer by Orones IV of his residence to Eruandasat (*Orontasata)"
- Canepa, Matthew P. (2018). The Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE–642 CE. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0520964365.
- Hewsen, Robert H. (1998). "ERUANDAŠAT". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 6. p. 562.