Yes Bank

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Yes Bank
TypePublic
BSE532648
NSEYESBANK
ISININE528G01035
IndustryBanking, Financial services[1]
Founded2004; 18 years ago (2004)
FounderRana Kapoor
Ashok Kapur[2]
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra, India
Key people
Products
RevenueIncrease 22,423 crore (US$2.8 billion) (2022)
Increase 1,433.68 crore (US$180 million)[3] (2022)
Increase 1,064.04 crore (US$130 million)[3] (2022)
Total assetsIncrease 273,543 crore (US$34 billion) (2021)
Total equityIncrease 33,196 crore (US$4.2 billion)[4] (2020)
Number of employees
23800(2021)[5]
Capital ratio17.0% [5]
Websitewww.yesbank.in

Yes Bank is an Indian bank headquartered in Mumbai, India[6] and was founded by Rana Kapoor and Ashok Kapoor in 2004.[7]

It offers wide range of differentiated products for corporate and retail customers through retail banking and asset management services.[8] On 5 March 2020, in an attempt to avoid the collapse of the bank, which had an excessive amount of bad loans, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) took control of it. RBI later reconstructed the board and named Prashant Kumar, former chief financial officer and deputy managing director of State Bank of India, as MD & CEO of Yes Bank, along with Sunil Mehta, former non-executive chairman of Punjab National Bank, as Yes Bank's non-executive chairman.[9][10][11][12]

The bank's management under the new leadership of Kumar, immediately repositioned itself and dealt with all internal and market related challenges to restore customer and depositor confidence.[13] Under the coordinated efforts of the new board and management, Mehta assured shareholders of speedy recovery, even as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), State Bank of India (SBI), HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, Axis Bank and other banks lent it support through a historic Yes Bank Reconstruction Scheme 2020.[14]

In July 2020, Yes Bank Ltd closed their follow-on public offer (FPO) with 95% subscription, driven by institutional investors.[15]

As of 28 July 2020, Yes Bank is an associate of State Bank of India which has a 30% stake in the company.[16]

Shareholding Pattern - Board Details[edit]

As of March 2018, as per its annual shareholders' report, the three largest shareholders of Yes Bank Ltd. were foreign portfolio investors (43%), insurance companies (14%), and Mutual Funds including UTI (10%).[17][18]

Smaller (less than 5%) shareholdings were owned by its three promoters [Rana Kapoor (4%), Yes Capital (India) Pvt. Ltd. (3%), and Morgan Credits Pvt. Ltd. (3%)] and other investors including Madhu Kapur (8%), Mags Finvest Pvt. Ltd. (2%), and LIC India under its various schemes (10%).[19]

In March 2020, State Bank of India invested 7,250 crore (US$910 million) in Yes Bank amid a financial crisis and holds 30% stake in the company as of 28 July 2020.[20][21][9]

Digital and Tech[edit]

In October 2017, the bank launched a digital wallet known as Yes Pay, integrating with BHIM and UPI.[22] On 3 November 2017, Yes Bank signed a MoU with the government to provide 1,000 crore (equivalent to 12 billion or US$150 million in 2020) financing for food processing projects.[23]

Business[edit]

Yes Bank has interests in Retail, MSME and Corporate banking. It has three subsidiaries – YES Securities (India) Limited, YES Trustee Limited and YES Asset Management (India) Limited.[24]

As of September 2018, Yes Bank had taken syndicated loans from eight large international entities including ADB, OPIC, European investment bank, banks in Taiwan and Japan for amounts ranging from US$30 million to US$410 million.[25][26]

It also partnered with the US government based OPIC and with Wells Fargo to support women entrepreneurs.[27]

Yes Bank provides (UPI) Unified Payments Interface facility to allow customers to easily and securely perform various financial transactions from their mobile devices via third-party app providers like PhonePe and Yuva Pay.[28][29]

According to the data shared by NPCI (National Payments Corporation of India), Yes Bank processed 25.94 million transactions amounting to INR 14811.73 crores through its own UPI app in July 2021.[30][31]

Yes Bank acquired over 24.19% stake in Dish TV, India's largest direct-to-home (DTH) company in terms of subscribers, on 30 May 2020.[32]

Moratorium[edit]

On 5 March 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced that, in the interest of its customers and depositors, it would suspend and supersede Yes Bank's board and impose a 30-day moratorium on its operations. The RBI cited Yes Bank's failures to raise new funding to cover its non-performing assets, inaccurate statements of confidence in its ability to receive new funding, and its underreporting of its non-performing assets, among other factors, as the reasons for the moratorium.[33]

During this period, Yes Bank customers could withdraw only up to 50,000 (US$630) from their accounts for the following one month, except in certain situations like medical treatment, emergencies, higher education costs and obligatory expenses for ceremonies such as weddings (subject to RBI's approval).[34]

RBI governor Shaktikanta Das stated that the matter would be resolved swiftly; Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman announced a proposed turnaround plan under which the State Bank of India would take a 49% stake in Yes Bank and introduce a new board.[35][33][34][36]

The moratorium disrupted multiple e-commerce services whose users were struggling to make online transactions or use popular payment services like UPI.[37][38][39]

Almost two weeks later (12 days), the bank came out of the moratorium and resumed full-fledged banking operations from 18 March 2020. This came after a consortium of eight public and private banks, led by State Bank of India, agreed to infuse capital into Yes Bank. And barely nine months after the imposition of the moratorium, Yes Bank was on the road to recovery. The bank's operating profits and recoveries were sufficient to provide for credit costs and it would not need to consume capital for further operations.[40][41]

On 13 March 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the reconstruction scheme for Yes Bank, stating that within three days of the notification of the scheme, the moratorium would be lifted.[42] During this reconstruction, seven investors infused 12,000 crore (US$1.5 billion) in Yes bank and Prashant Kumar was proposed as new CEO of the bank. These investors include State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, Radhakishan Damani and Azim Premji trust.[43]

On 6 March 2020, ICRA downgraded the rating of Yes Bank's 52,600 crore (US$6.6 billion) in core bonds to a "D" rating, while Moody's downgraded them to "Caa3".[44][45] On 8 March 2020, Yes Bank founder Rana Kapoor was arrested by the Enforcement Directorate under charges of money laundering.[46]

In April 2021, India's market regulator SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) proposed a fine of 25 crore (US$3.1 million) on Yes Bank Ltd., stating it had fraudulently sold certain risky bonds without the necessary warnings and risk assessments.[47][48] In May 2021, the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) imposed an interim stay on SEBI's order.[49]

Listings[edit]

Yes Bank has equities listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India and bonds listed on the London stock exchange. Yes Bank was listed in the stock exchanges of India after its IPO in June 2005 at a face value of ₹10 and an issue price of ₹35.[50][51]

Financials[edit]

Year Revenue (In crores) Profits/Loss (In crores) Total Assets (In crores)
FY 2011 Increase 4,042 Increase 727 Increase 59,007
FY 2012 Increase 6,307 Increase 977 Increase 73,626
FY 2013 Increase 8,294 Increase 1,301 Increase 99,104
FY 2014 Increase 9,981 Increase 1,611 Increase 109,016
FY 2015 Increase 11,572 Increase 1,997 Increase 136,170
FY 2016 Increase 13,533 Increase 2,530 Increase 165,263
FY 2017 Increase 16,425 Increase 3,340 Increase 215,060
FY 2018 Increase 20,269 Increase 4,233 Increase 312,446
FY 2019 Increase 29,624 Decrease 1,709 Increase 380,826
FY 2020 Decrease 26,052 Decrease -16,433 Decrease 257,827
FY 2021 Decrease 20,039 Increase -3,489 Increase 273,543
FY 2022 Decrease 19,019 Increase 1,064 Increase 318,220

Reconstruction[edit]

Under the new management, Yes Bank has managed to overhaul its risk and governance frameworks while saving itself from reputational risks. The liquidity profile of the bank is well above the required regulatory norms.[52]

In June 2021, the board approved INR 10,000 crore worth of fundraising by issuance of debt securities.[53]

In financial year 2020–21, Yes Bank saw a marked rise in deposits at 55% and operating profits at 42% year on year. The recapitalization drive at the bank generated ₹15,000 crore via follow-on public offers in July 2020.[54] Yes Bank continues to focus on digital payments, concentrating on its market share in UPI and IMPS transactions while it plans to disburse ₹10,000 crore in retail and MSME loans in Q3 of FY21.[55]

In September 2016, Yes Bank scrapped its proposed $1 billion share sale due to market conditions.[56][57] The company subsequently attempted to relaunch its failed capital raising exercise after appointing a new set of bankers.[58]

Ratings Upgrade[edit]

In September 2020, ICRA upgraded its ratings on securities issued by Yes Bank Ltd, factoring in various positive developments in the bank's financial profile.[59] Infrastructure bonds and Basel II compliant lower tier II bonds were raised to ‘BBB’ from ‘BB+’. Basel III compliant tier II bonds were upgraded to ‘BBB-’ from ‘BB’. Basel II compliant tier I bonds and upper tier II bonds were upgraded to ‘BB’ from a default rating previously.[60]

In August 2020, Moody's too had raised Yes Bank's long term issuer rating by a notch to B3 from Caa1.[61] In November 2020, CARE Ratings revised its rating on the YES Bank's infrastructure bonds to 'CARE BBB' from the previous 'CARE B'.[62] It also revised its outlook to 'Stable' from the previous ‘Under credit watch with developing implications’ on the above-mentioned instruments. Yes Bank's Upper Tier II Bonds and Perpetual Bonds (Basel II) received a revised rating of 'CARE BB+' from previous 'CARE D'.[63]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annual Report 2017–18. Mumbai: Yes Bank Limited. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Late Ashok Kapur". 28 November 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Yes Bank Ltd. Financial Statements". moneycontrol.com.
  4. ^ "Yes Bank Balance Sheet, Yes Bank Financial Statement & Accounts". www.moneycontrol.com.
  5. ^ a b "Balance Sheet 31.03.2018" yesbank.in (17 March 2018).
  6. ^ "Press Release – Yes Bank".
  7. ^ "Stocks in India by Net Sales, List of Top Banks – Private Sector Stocks in India (2017) – BSE". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Yes Bank board to meet Tuesday after RBI directive on Rana Kapoor's tenure". Live Mint. PTI. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  9. ^ a b "SBI stake in YES Bank declines to 30% after FPO". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Fund Infusion Makes YES BANK SBI's new associate bank". Live Mint. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Who is Prashant Kumar, the person in-charge of Yes Bank from today". The Financial Express. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  12. ^ PTI. "Former SBI CFO Prashant Kumar Takes Charge As Yes Bank Administrator". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Yes Bank Chairman Sunil Mehta assures speedy recovery, thanks RBI, SBI, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank for lending support". Zee Business. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Union Cabinet approves Yes Bank reconstruction plan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  15. ^ Dhanjal, Swaraj Singh; Ramarathinam, Ashwin (17 July 2020). "Yes Bank manages to close its FPO with 95% subscription". mint. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  16. ^ "Yes Bank working on risk, governance after bailout: New CEO". mint. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  17. ^ Laghate, Gaurav; Shukla, Saloni (1 June 2020). "Yes Bank may find it tough to recover Dish promoter dues". The Economic Times.
  18. ^ "Investor presentation 2018". Yes Bank. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Share holding pattern as on 30 June 2018". Yes Bank. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  20. ^ Rebello, Joel (2 June 2020). "YES Bank takes first step to share sale". The Economic Times.
  21. ^ "SBI to buy YES Bank shares worth Rs 7,250 crore at Rs 10 apiece". The Economic Times. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Yes Bank Bhim Yes Pay wallet unveiled; IndiaStack APIs and NPCI products now integrated, see how you benefit". The Financial Express. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  23. ^ "Yes Bank signs MoU with govt for Rs 1,000 cr financing". The Economic Times. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  24. ^ "YES BANK Annual Report FY2019-20". Yes Bank.
  25. ^ "OPIC Signs Loan Agreement with Yes Bank to Support Small Business Growth in India" (Press release). OPIC. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Investor presentation 2018–19". Yes Bank. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Yes Bank partners with OPIC and Wells Fargo to Support Financing of Women Entrepreneurs and SMEs" (Press release). OPIC. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Yes Bank's turmoil leads to chaos in digital payments world". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Digital Banking - Payment Solution - UPI". Yes Bank.
  30. ^ "UPI Ecosystem Statistics". National Payments Corporation of India. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  31. ^ "List of Third Party App Providers supported by YES BANK". Yes Bank.
  32. ^ Laghate, Gaurav. "YES Bank acquires 24% in Dish TV by invoking share pledges". The Economic Times. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  33. ^ a b "Here is all you need to know about the Yes Bank moratorium". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  34. ^ a b "Yes Bank withdrawal limit capped at Rs 50,000; RBI supersedes board". The Economic Times. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Yes Bank crisis: From what happens to my money to will SBI be saviour, all that has happened". India Today. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Yes Bank withdrawals capped at Rs 50,000. Do these exceptions apply to you?". India Today. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  37. ^ "India's Yes Bank breakdown disrupts Walmart's PhonePe among a dozen other services". TechCrunch. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  38. ^ "Here is all you need to know about the Yes Bank moratorium". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  39. ^ "India's Yes Bank breakdown disrupts Walmart's PhonePe among a dozen other services". TechCrunch. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  40. ^ "We believe can recover 50% of Rs 40,000-crore bad loans: Prashant Kumar, MD and CEO, YES Bank". The Financial Express. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  41. ^ "Yes Bank deposits increase 54% YoY in Q4". Business Standard India. 5 April 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  42. ^ "Cabinet approves reconstruction scheme for Yes Bank: FM Sitharaman". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  43. ^ Shukla, Saloni; Rebello, Joel (13 March 2020). "Seven investors join SBI to put over Rs 12,000 cr into Yes Bank; Prashant Kumar proposed as new CEO". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  44. ^ "Moody's lowers YES Bank rating to 'Caa3' from 'B2'". The Economic Times. 6 March 2020. Archived from the original on 12 April 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  45. ^ "Icra downgrades YES Bank's Rs 52,600 crore bonds to 'default'". The Economic Times. 6 March 2021. Archived from the original on 13 January 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  46. ^ "Yes Bank founder Rana Kapoor arrested by ED in money laundering case". Zee News. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  47. ^ "SEBI fines Yes Bank for fraudulent sale of riskier bonds". Reuters. 12 April 2021. Archived from the original on 12 April 2021. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  48. ^ "SEBI fines Yes Bank for fraudulent sale of riskier bonds". Reuters. 12 April 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  49. ^ Kaul, Abhinav (24 May 2021). "SAT stays Sebi penalty order in Yes Bank case". mint. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  50. ^ "YES Bank IPO: Offer & Issue Details". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  51. ^ "YES Bank IPO Review - YES Bank IPO Dates, Issue Price, Subscription and Allotment Status". The Economic Times. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  52. ^ "Yes Bank CEO: Yes Bank committed to culture of accountability; working on risk, governance after bailout". The Times of India. PTI. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  53. ^ Gopakumar, Gopika (10 June 2021). "Yes Bank board approved fund raising of Rs10,000 cr by issue of debt securities". mint. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  54. ^ "YES Bank to disburse ₹10,000-crore retail, MSME loans in Q3". @businessline. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  55. ^ "YES Bank Grows Deposits, Loan Book; Optimistic About Future". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  56. ^ "Yes Bank says no to share sale after scrip tanks". The Economic Times. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  57. ^ "Yes Bank's opportunism is to blame for failed share sale". The Economic Times. 10 September 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  58. ^ Modak, Samie; Anand, Nupur (20 October 2016). "Yes Bank may appoint new i-banks for QIP". Business Standard. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  59. ^ Nair, Vishwanath. "ICRA Upgrades Yes Bank On Improved Financial Profile". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  60. ^ Nair, Vishwanath. "Moody's Upgrades Yes Bank's Rating After FPO". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  61. ^ "Moody's upgrades Yes Bank to B3 following equity capital raising; outlook stable". Moodys.com. 3 August 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  62. ^ "Yes Bank Limited". Care Ratings. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  63. ^ "YES Bank Shares Hit 5% Upper Circuit As CARE Upgrades Debt Instrument Rating". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 8 November 2021.

External links[edit]