Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon (Jerusalem)

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Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon
Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon, Romema, Jerusalem.jpg
Location
27 Oholiav Street, Jerusalem[1]
Israel
Information
Type Yeshiva ketana, yeshiva gedola
Established 1953
Founder and Dean Rabbi Simcha Wasserman
Rosh yeshiva Rabbi Moshe Chodosh

Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon (Hebrew: ישיבה אור אלחנן‎, also spelled Ohr Elchanan) is a Lithuanian-style Orthodox yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel. The yeshiva was initially established in 1953 in Los Angeles, California, by Rabbi Simcha Wasserman, who named it in memory of his father, Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman, rosh yeshiva in Baranowicz, who was murdered in the Holocaust in Lithuania. The yeshiva operated in Los Angeles from 1953 to 1977, when it was sold to the Chabad movement. After Wasserman immigrated to Jerusalem, he established another Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon in the Ezrat Torah neighborhood in 1979. A second branch was opened in the Romema neighborhood in 1993. Ohr Elchonon enrolls hundreds of boys in yeshiva ketana and yeshiva gedolah, and close to 100 married men in its kollel. Additional yeshiva ketana branches have been established in the Israeli cities of Modiin Illit, Rishon Letzion, and Tiberias.

History[edit]

Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon of Jerusalem is the fourth yeshiva founded by Rabbi Simcha Wasserman (1899–1992), who previously established seminaries in Strasbourg, France, Detroit, Michigan, and Los Angeles, California.[2] Wasserman named his Los Angeles yeshiva "Ohr Elchonon" after his father, Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman, a prominent Talmudic scholar and leader of the World Agudath Israel in prewar Europe.[2] Also called the West Coast Talmudical Seminary, Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon, opened in 1953, was the first Lithuanian-style yeshiva in Los Angeles.[3] It provided cheder, yeshiva, beit midrash, and post-graduate education in addition to secular studies, enrolling 300 students at its peak.[2] Its notable alumni include Rabbi Noach Orlowek, who entered the yeshiva at age 13.[4] In 1977[5] Wasserman sold the yeshiva to Chabad on the condition that it would retain both the name and the building, which became known as Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon Chabad/West Coast Talmudical Seminary.[6]

Ohr Elchonon Street sign

Wasserman and his wife immigrated to Israel in 1976.[2] Together with Rabbi Meir Chodosh, mashgiach ruchani at the Hebron Yeshiva, Wasserman established another Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon in the Ezrat Torah neighborhood of Jerusalem in 1979.[2][7] Wasserman asked Chodosh to serve as mashgiach ruchani of the new yeshiva and Chodosh's son, Rabbi Moshe Chodosh, to serve as rosh yeshiva.[7] At the end of the 1980s, Wasserman embarked on an overseas fund-raising campaign for a new building, which was erected in the Romema neighborhood in 1993.[8][1] After Wasserman's death, Chodosh continued as rosh yeshiva and later opened additional yeshiva ketana branches of Ohr Elchonon in the Israeli cities of Modiin Illit, Rishon Letzion, and Tiberias, with Chodosh serving as rosh yeshiva of all three branches as well.[7][9] The yeshiva also operates the "Ohel Torah Baranowitz" institute, which compiles and publishes the works of Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman.[10]

In 2012 the Jerusalem municipality renamed the segment of Oholiav Street in Romema on which the yeshiva is located as Rechov Ohr Elchonon (Ohr El'hanan Street), in tribute to Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman.[11]

Leadership[edit]

  • Rabbi Simcha Wasserman (1899–1992), dean
  • Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Chodosh (1940–2016), rosh yeshiva[1][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cohen, Yisroel (3 August 2016). "ראש ישיבת 'אור אלחנן' הגאון רבי משה מרדכי חדש זצ"ל" [Rosh Yeshiva 'Ohr Elchonon', HaGaon Rabbi Moshe Mordechai Chodosh]. Kikar HaShabbat (in Hebrew). Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Chazanov, Mathis (5 November 1992). "Rabbi Wasserman, a Pioneer Educator, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Ury 2001, pp. 11–12.
  4. ^ Orlowek 1993, p. xix.
  5. ^ Tavory 2016, pp. 32, 172.
  6. ^ Wenig, Gaby (5 February 2004). "Chabad to Make L.A. a Yeshiva City". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Steger, David (3 August 2016). "Rav Moshe Mordechai Chodosh zt"l". Matzav.com. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Finkelman 2007, p. 69.
  9. ^ a b Freund, Rabbi Tuvia. "Early Memories of Hagaon Harav Elchonon Wasserman, Hy"d, and the yeshivah in Baranovitch". Hamodia (Inyan magazine), August 25, 2016, p. 13.
  10. ^ "Hagaon Harav Moshe Mordechai Chadash, zt"l, Rosh Yeshivah, Yeshivas Ohr Elchanan". Hamodia. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Goldberg, Chezky (9 June 2012). "רחוב אהליהב שינה שמו לרחוב 'אור אלחנן'" [Oholiav Street changes its name to Ohr Elchonon Street]. LaDaat (in Hebrew). Retrieved 12 October 2016. 

Sources[edit]