Yessongs

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Yessongs
Yessongs front cover.jpg
Live album by
Released18 May 1973
RecordedFebruary–December 1972
VenueVarious locations in the US and Canada and the Rainbow Theatre, London
GenreProgressive rock
Length129:16
LabelAtlantic
Producer
Yes chronology
Close to the Edge
(1972)
Yessongs
(1973)
Tales from Topographic Oceans
(1973)

Yessongs is the first live album by the English progressive rock band Yes, released as a triple album in May 1973 on Atlantic Records. After completing their Close to the Edge Tour in April 1973, the band selected live recordings between February and December 1972 on their tours supporting Fragile (1971) and Close to the Edge (1972) for a live album release. They were then edited and remixed with their producer and live sound mixer Eddy Offord. Three tracks feature original Yes drummer Bill Bruford while the remaining tracks feature his replacement, Alan White.

Yessongs received a mostly positive reception from music critics, though much of its criticism was directed at its sound quality. However, the album was a commercial success for the band, reaching number 7 on the UK Albums Chart and number 12 on the US Billboard 200. In 1998, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for selling over one million copies in the United States. In 2015, recordings of seven shows from late 1972, including ones that were used in the original album, were released in their entirety as Progeny: Seven Shows from Seventy-Two.

Background and recording[edit]

In September 1971, the Yes line-up of singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, drummer Bill Bruford, guitarist Steve Howe, and newcomer keyboardist Rick Wakeman embarked on their Fragile Tour in support of the band's fourth studio album, Fragile (1971). The tour saw the band play across the United Kingdom, the United States, and Europe until March 1972. Following the recording of their fifth studio album, Close to the Edge (1972), the band resumed as a live act on 30 July 1972 to support the album. The tour saw the debut of drummer Alan White in the band after Bruford left when recording for the album had finished. His departure came eleven days prior to the tour's start, leaving White to learn the band's repertoire in three days. The tour ended in April 1973, by which time Yes had made additional live recordings. Yes manager Brian Lane said that people had started to think that the group were a "studio band" and were unable to reproduce what they recorded in the studio on stage, which became a reason for putting out a live album.[1]

The Fragile and Close to the Edge tours had producer and engineer Eddy Offord travelling with the band as their live sound mixer who operated a sound system developed by the Clair Brothers. In addition, co-founder Roy Clair assisted with the operation of the system, and Geoff Haslam was hired as the recording engineer alongside assistant Mike Dunn to work on Yessongs.[2] As Offord was in charge of the band's sound on stage, he could not operate the recording equipment at the same time. This resulted in recordings that he was disappointed with as they were substandard. When it was time for the album to be edited and remixed, Offord and the band retreated to studio 2 at Advision Studios in Fitzrovia, London to complete it. Howe recalled the group treated the mixing process with as much care and importance as one of their studio albums with careful consideration to the preparation of the various edits and the finished product.[3]

Rainbow Theatre

The liner notes do not list recording dates or locations, but audio comparisons of the album and the live box set Progeny: Seven Shows from Seventy-Two (2015) can be made,[2][4] in addition to the soundtrack to the Yessongs concert film.[5] They are:

Songs[edit]

Yessongs begins with "Opening (Excerpt from 'Firebird Suite)", the closing section to the orchestral work The Firebird by Russian composer Igor Stravinsky.[2] Yes have used the piece as the introductory music to most of their concerts since 1971, the year of the composer's death. The track segues into "Siberian Khatru" from Close to the Edge.[2] "Perpetual Change" and "Long Distance Runaround"/"The Fish (Schindleria Praematurus)" were recorded during the Fragile Tour with Bruford on drums,[2] and feature extended solos from Howe, Bruford and Squire compared to the studio versions. "Excerpts from 'The Six Wives of Henry VIII'" is a keyboard solo spot of excerpts from Wakeman's first solo album The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1973), which he recorded during the Fragile and Close to the Edge tours and features Howe, Squire, Bruford, and White. The solo is preceded by Anderson singing notes from the opening of another Stravinsky orchestral piece, The Rite of Spring.[2]

Artwork[edit]

Roger Dean's artwork for Yessongs was the most elaborate at the time

The album was originally presented in a gatefold sleeve with artwork designed and illustrated by the band's longtime associate, artist Roger Dean. His brother Martyn was responsible for its layout and additional photography, featuring shots of each member performing in concert.[2] Dean described the album as "the most elaborate and complex package" of his career at the time, which consisted of three albums worth of artwork and a booklet.[7] The large space for Dean's work allowed him to continue a theme that "implied a story" that he introduced on the cover of Fragile, which portrays a planet breaking into pieces and a spacecraft in flight. The narrative was continued on the sleeve of Close to the Edge.[8] Dean recalled that talks about the artwork for Yessongs were scarce until he presented the group with a rough version of his "Pathways" painting, which was well received and influenced his decision to continue the narrative.[9] However, Dean had to redesign a new broken planet to the one on Fragile as the pieces of land that break off were too square shaped, so the pieces seen on Yessongs are more triangular.[10] The gatefold design involved complex paper folding that Dean described as "a way of going from gatefold to any number of pages, folded out of one piece of card", and resulted in Dean and his printers, Tinsley Robor, filing a patent for that way of folding. Further development of the technique was cut short due to a subsequent national paper shortage.[11]

The first painting, named "Escape", shows the spacecraft and a planetary fragment drifting through space in the search for a new world.[10] "Arrival" depicts these fragments landing in the waters of the new world, with "Awakening" showing signs of new life starting, including plant and animal species.[10] The final image, "Pathways", depicts the emergence of civilisation with a city in the background.[10] The version with the girl sitting on top of the pathway structure was not in the original, and was painted separately and added later at the printing stage.[12] While Dean was working on "Pathways", his cat walked across the canvas whilst still wet and its paw prints can be seen in the sky area. Dean attempted to disguise them as clouds, but it failed to produce the desired results and he kept them in. After it was photographed for the sleeve, Dean's cat urinated on the painting as it was standing against a wall, causing Dean to paint a new version that he said "looked quite different" to the version photographed.[13][12]

In June 2013, Dean filed a $50 million lawsuit against director James Cameron for copyright and contributory infringement and unjust enrichment, claiming the design of Pandora, a fictional setting in Cameron's epic science fiction film Avatar (2009) and the highest-grossing film at the time, was based on Dean's paintings including "Pathways" and used without permission.[14] The lawsuit was thrown out by judge Jesse M. Furman in September 2014 who disagreed and believed the court found no substantial similarities between the film and Dean's artwork.[15]

Release[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4/5 stars[16]
Rolling Stone(not rated)[17]

Yessongs was released in May 1973;[18] its release in the United States was on 4 May.[19] It was originally planned for release in February 1973, prior to the start of the band's early 1973 North American tour, but delays in printing its cover led to its release pushed back.[20] The band and Lane agreed to take a cut in royalties generated from the album so it could be sold at a lower price. In the US, it was sold for $9.98.[1]

It peaked at number 7 on the UK Albums Chart[21] and number 12 on the US Billboard 200.[22] The album reached gold certification in March 1974 by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for selling 500,000 copies in the US. In 1998, the RIAA certified Yessongs as platinum for shipping one million copies, becoming one of the band's highest selling albums.

Variety published a positive review, noting the album shows the band at "their exciting best".[23] Band biographer Tim Morse thought the album's downfall was its substandard audio quality despite the band's strong performances.[18]

Reissues[edit]

Yessongs has been reissued several times:

  • 1987 – 2-disc reissue on Atlantic Records
  • 1994 – 2-disc remaster by Joe Gastwirt on Atlantic Records
  • 2001 – 3-disc HDCD reissue by Isao Kikuchi on Warner Music Japan
  • 2009 – 2-disc SHM-CD remaster by Isao Kikuchi on Warner Music Japan
  • 2013 – 2-disc SACD reissue as part of the High Vibration – SACD Box set on Rhino Records

Concert film[edit]

The show on 15 December 1972 at the Rainbow Theatre on London, UK was filmed and released in 1975 as the concert film Yessongs.

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Opening (Excerpt from 'Firebird Suite')"Igor Stravinsky 3:45
2."Siberian Khatru"Jon Anderson, Steve Howe, Rick WakemanClose to the Edge8:50
3."Heart of the Sunrise"Anderson, Bill Bruford, Chris SquireFragile11:26
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Perpetual Change"Anderson, SquireThe Yes Album14:08
2."And You and I"
  • I. "Cord of Life"
  • II. "Eclipse"
  • III. "The Preacher the Teacher"
  • IV. "The Apocalypse"
Anderson, Bruford, Howe, SquireClose to the Edge9:55
Side three
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Mood for a Day"HoweFragile2:52
2."Excerpts from 'The Six Wives of Henry VIII'"WakemanThe Six Wives of Henry VIII6:35
3."Roundabout"Anderson, HoweFragile8:33
Side four
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."I've Seen All Good People"
  • a. "Your Move"
  • b. "All Good People"
Anderson, SquireThe Yes Album7:00
2."Long Distance Runaround"/"The Fish (Schindleria Praematurus)"Anderson, SquireFragile13:45
Side five
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Close to the Edge"
  • I. "The Solid Time of Change"
  • II. "Total Mass Retain"
  • III. "I Get Up, I Get Down"
  • IV. "Seasons of Man"
Anderson, HoweClose to the Edge18:41
Side six
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Yours Is No Disgrace"Anderson, Squire, Howe, Bruford, Tony KayeThe Yes Album14:21
2."Starship Trooper"
  • a. "Life Seeker"
  • b. "Disillusion"
  • c. "Würm"
Anderson, Howe, SquireThe Yes Album9:25

Personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from the album's 1973 and 1994 liner notes.[2][19]

Yes

Production

  • Yes – production
  • Eddie Offord – production
  • Geoff Haslam – recording engineer
  • Mike Dunn – assistant engineer
  • Roger Dean – cover design and illustration
  • Martin Dean – photographs and layout
  • David "Groucho" Gair – additional photographs
  • Brian Lane – co-ordination

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1973-1974) Peak
position
Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[24] 8
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[25] 28
UK Albums (OCC)[26] 7
US Billboard 200[27] 12

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[28] Gold 50,000^
Germany (BVMI)[29] Gold 250,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[30] Gold 25,000^
United States (RIAA)[31] Platinum 1,000,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skopp, Roberta (10 May 1975). "Brian Lane: Broadening British rock's base" (PDF). Record World. Retrieved 22 October 2021 – via World Radio History.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Yessongs (Media notes). Atlantic Records. 1973. K 60045.
  3. ^ Yessongs: 40 Years On documentary at 8:26–9:32
  4. ^ Progeny: Seven Shows from Seventy-Two (Media notes). Rhino Records. 2015. 081227956417.
  5. ^ Yessongs: 40th Anniversary Special Edition (Media notes). Odeon Entertainment Group. 2012. ODNBM002.
  6. ^ "(1973) Australian Tourbook". forgotten-yesterdays.com. 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  7. ^ Yessongs: 40 Years On documentary at 24:01–24:19
  8. ^ Yessongs: 40 Years On documentary at 24:20–24:35
  9. ^ Yessongs: 40 Years On documentary at 25:37–26:13
  10. ^ a b c d "Facebook – Yes (Official) – Post from 21 April 2015". Facebook. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Music - Classic Rock/Pop - Interview: Roger Dean". BBC. Archived from the original on 11 September 2002. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  12. ^ a b van Starrex, Alex (25 September 2003). "A Roger Dean Lecture". The Yes Australian Tour Site. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  13. ^ Tiano, Mike (2008). "NFTE #308: Conversation with Roger Dean from 3 September 2008". Notes from the Edge. Archived from the original on 2 November 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  14. ^ Patten, Dominic (29 June 2013). "Fox & James Cameron Slapped With $50M 'Avatar' Copyright Suit By Album Cover Artist". Deadline. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  15. ^ Patten, Dominic (18 September 2014). "James Cameron Wins Another 'Avatar' Lawsuit". Deadline. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  16. ^ Planer, Lindsay. Album review Yes Yessongs at AllMusic. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  17. ^ Tiven, Jon (7 June 1973). "Yes: Yessongs". Music Reviews. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  18. ^ a b Morse 1996, p. 40.
  19. ^ a b Yessongs (Media notes). Atlantic Records. 1994. 7567-82682-2.
  20. ^ Campbell, Mary (17 July 1973). "Wakeman's 'Six Wives of Henry VIII' a hit". York Daily Record. p. 30. Retrieved 6 January 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
  21. ^ "Official Charts Company – Yes Yessongs". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  22. ^ Billboard albums chart info – Yes Yessongs at AllMusic. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  23. ^ Unknown (23 May 1973). "Record Review – Green, Simon, Yes, Baez, Cosby, Donaldson, Everly, Shepp, Boone, C. Baker, J. Kay, Floyd Top LP's". Variety. 271 (2): 60. ISSN 0042-2738 – via ProQuest.
  24. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0254a". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  26. ^ "Yes | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  27. ^ "Yes Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  28. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Yes – Yessongs". Music Canada. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  29. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Yes; 'Yessongs')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  30. ^ "A party for the Yes". Billboard. 11 May 1974. p. 76. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  31. ^ "American album certifications – Yes – Yessongs". Recording Industry Association of America.

Books

DVD media

  • Roger Dean (30 April 2012). Yessongs: 40th Anniversary Special Edition - Yessongs: 40 Years On documentary (Blu-ray). Odeon Entertainment. ODNBM002.