Yevgeni Nikolayevich Andreyev
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|Born||4 September 1926|
|Died||9 February 2000(aged 73)|
Yevgeni (Eugene) Nikolayevich Andreyev (Russian: Евгений Андреев; 4 September 1926 – 9 February 2000) was a colonel in the Soviet Air Force. Andreyev set an official record for the longest-distance free-fall parachute jump on 1 November 1962, which the Guinness Book of Records put at 24,500 meters (80,380 feet). The previous record holder for highest free fall jump was Joseph Kittinger. Andreyev did however not break the record for highest parachute jump, also held by Kittinger, but that jump was stabilized by a drogue parachute and therefore not free fall. Andreyev was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union for his feat.
Andreyev's record stood until 2012, when Felix Baumgartner broke it with a jump from 36,402.6 metres (119,431 ft).
He was born on 4 September 1926 in the city of Novosibirsk, Russia. Member of the CPSU since 1972. In 1937–1942 he was brought up in an orphanage in Serov, Sverdlovsk Region. Worked in a factory in the city of Nizhny Tagil. In the Soviet Army in 1943. He studied at the School of Armavir pilots.
In 1955 he graduated from the Ryazan Airborne School. After graduation he became a test of parachute systems on 1 November 1962 as part of a secret experiment conducted by the head of the Soviet space program Sergey Korolev.
Career and death
On 1 November 1962, Andreyev and Pyotr Dolgov ascended from Volsk, near Saratov. Andreyev jumped from the capsule at 25,460 metres (83,530 ft) and free-fell 24,500 metres (80,400 ft) before successfully deploying his parachute.
Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 12 December 1962 for courage and heroism shown during the trial of the parachute equipment, Evgeny Andreyev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and Gold Star medal (№ 11092).
In 1985, E. Andreev, one of the first in the country, was awarded the honorary title of Honored skydiver test the USSR, badge number 3.
In total, Eugene Andreev made 8 jumps from the stratosphere.
He lived in the village Chkalovsky, Moscow region. He died on 9 February 2000 and is buried in the cemetery of the village Leoniha Schelkovskogo district, Moscow region.
- Andreyev's Biography in Stratopedia, the balloon encyclopedia
- VOLGA program details in Stratopedia, the balloon encyclopedia
- "Parachuting World & Continental Records". Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
- "Highest freefall parachute jump (official FAI". Guinness Book of World Records. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
- "Stratospheric balloons launched worldwide in 1962", StratoCat. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
- Евгений Николаевич Андреев [Yevgeni Nikolayevich Andreyev]. warheroes.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 1 April 2018.