Yevgeny Olegovich Adamov (Russian: Евге́ний Оле́гович Ада́мов, born April 28, 1939) was the head of the Russian atomic energy ministry, MinAtom. He was appointed by President Boris Yeltsin in 1998 and ousted by President Vladimir Putin in 2001.
In 2005, he was arrested in Bern, Switzerland, on fraud charges. the arrest was made at the request of the United States. The US accused Adamov of diverting up to US$9 million which the US Energy Department gave Russia to help improve security at its nuclear facilities. Extradition requests were filed first by the USA and then by Russia, which has protested about the move by the US. Adamov was finally extradited to Russia. The move was widely covered as a successful ploy by the Russian government to prevent Adamov from telling US authorities state secrets that he knew. 
In 2008, Adamov was convicted in Russia of abuse of office and defrauding the Russian government of some $31 million in United States aid funds intended for security upgrades for aging nuclear reactors.
On February 20, 2008, he was convicted by the Zamoskvoretsky court in Moscow, Russia of fraud and misuse of power and sentenced to 5.5 years of imprisonment.
He was released from jail when his sentence was suspended by a higher-level court on April 17, 2008.
- "StAR Databases: Corruption Cases: Yevgeny Adamov". Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Russia demands extradition of arrested minister, swissinfo, 19 May 2005.
- Yevgeni Adamov Sentenced to 5.5 Years of Prison, Kommersant, February 20, 2008.
- Yevgeni Adamov's conviction is now suspended, Kommersant, April 18, 2008.