Yevgeny Shevchuk

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Yevgeny Shevchuk
Yevgeny Shevchuk (mid.gospmr.org).jpg
Shevchuk in 2012
2nd President of Transnistria
In office
30 December 2011 – 16 December 2016
Prime MinisterPyotr Stepanov
Tatiana Turanskaya
Maija Parnas (Acting)
Tatiana Turanskaya
Maija Parnas (Acting)
Pavel Prokudin
Preceded byIgor Smirnov
Succeeded byVadim Krasnoselsky
Speaker of the Supreme Council
In office
28 December 2005 – 8 July 2009
PresidentIgor Smirnov
Preceded byGrigore Mărăcuță
Succeeded byAnatoliy Kaminski
Personal details
Born
Yevgeny Vasylovych Shevchuk

(1968-06-19) 19 June 1968 (age 53)
Rybnitsa, Soviet Union
(now Rîbnița, Moldova)
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Nina Shtanski
Alma materTransnistria State University
All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade
Ukrainian Agricultural Academy

Yevgeny Vasilyevich Shevchuk (Russian: Евге́ний Васи́льевич Шевчу́к, tr. Yevgeniy Vasilyevich Shevchuk, Ukrainian: Євге́н Васи́льович Шевчу́к, tr. Yevhen Vasylovych Shevchuk, Moldovan Cyrillic: Евгени Васильевичь Шевчюк, Romanian: Evgheni Vasilievici Șevciuk; born 19 June 1968) is a Transnistrian former politician who served as the 2nd President of the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic, better known as Transnistria, from 2011 to 2016.

He was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria from 2000 until his election as president in 2011. Furthermore, he was speaker of Pridnestrovian Supreme Soviet from 2005 to 2009 and the leader of the political party Obnovlenie until 2010. Shevchuk is an ethnic Ukrainian and a citizen of both Transnistria and Russia.[1]

In 2017, Shevchuk fled to Moldova while being pursued on criminal charges. In December 2018, he was sentenced in absentia to 16 years in prison and a fine of about 36 million US dollars.[2]

Early life[edit]

Yevgeny was born in Rybnitsa, Moldavian SSR, Soviet Union (now Rîbnița, Transnistria, Moldova). He is a lawyer who has worked in government and private business. His biography profile describes him as "social democratic technocrat with a European outlook, and a man of profound democratic beliefs".

Politics[edit]

As part of the minority opposition in parliament prior to December 2005, he spearheaded a reform drive by his party to introduce changes to Transnistria's electoral code. Among the changes were a requirement that purely technical qualifications be used as the basis for selecting polling station chairmen and a rule prohibiting state-owned media outlets (radio, TV, newspapers, etc.) from publishing results of polls and forecasts related to elections, so as to not influence free voter choice. This was reported in the United States State Department's Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2005.[3]

In a 2005 report the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe referred to Shevchuk in the context of democratic reform, noting that Transnistria "is moving towards more pluralism" and highlighted "the Transnistrian parliament's own initiatives on the reform of the political system" which were spearheaded by Shevchuk's bloc. After that the European Parliament banned Shevchuk from entry to the EU countries.[4]

On 22 July 2009, Shevchuk resigned from his post as speaker of parliament.[5] Anatoliy Kaminski, who was vice-speaker under Shevchuk and is vice chairman of Shevchuk's Obnovlenie party, was the only nominee to succeed him. Mikhail Burla, leader of Obnovlenie and Chairman of the Committee for economic policy, budget and finance, was elected as the new vice-speaker. Shevchuk cited a controversial attempt to revise the county's constitution by president Igor Smirnov as the main reason for his resignation.[6]

Presidency[edit]

In December 2011, Shevchuk was elected president of Transnistria. He won the first round of the presidential elections on 11 December, polling higher than either the sitting president Igor Smirnov or the Kremlin-backed Supreme Soviet chairman Anatoliy Kaminski.[7] He then won the second round of voting with over 75% support on 25 December.[8] He was inaugurated on 30 December 2011.[9]

On 7 September 2016, Shevchuk issued the Decree No. 348 "On the implementation of the results of the republican referendum held on 17 September 2006" in order to possibilitate a possible future annexation of Transnistria by Russia and to synchronize Transnistrian laws with Russian ones.[10][11]

He was defeated for re-election in 2016.

Post-presidency[edit]

On 28 June 2017, the parliament of Transnistria voted to remove Shevchuk's immunity from prosecution in connection with five[12] pending criminal cases against the former President. Prior to this, on the evening of 27 June, Shevchuk crossed the border into Moldova.[13] Shevchuk claimed that he crossed from PMR to Moldova in a taxi,[14] whilst Russian-language media[15] and certain PMR officials[16] reported that he sailed across the Dnestr in a boat. On 30 June, Moldovan officials stated that they would not hand Shevchuk over to Transnistria.[17]

Transnistria issued an arrest warrant for Shevchuk at the end of November 2017.[18]

Later criminal cases count was raised up to six. Shevchuk is accused of corruption, smuggling, abuse of power, misappropriation of state money in especially large amounts, as well as unreasonable delay in the payment of pensions and salaries. In total, Shevchuk faced up to 12 years in prison.[19]

On 21 December 2018, Shevchuk was sentenced in absentia by the Supreme Court to 16 years in prison and a fine of 600 million Transnistrian rubles (about 36 million US dollars). The Supreme Court also denied Shevchuk state awards and banned him from holding public office for five years after his release. According to media reports, Shevchuk was in Russia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Шевчук, Евгений". lenta.ru.
  2. ^ a b "Бывший лидер Приднестровья приговорен к 16 годам лишения свободы // ВЕСТИ.МД / все новости дня". VESTI.MD (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  3. ^ "2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in Moldova". U.S. Department of State. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Official Journal of the European Union: COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2005/147/CFSP of 21 February 2005".
  5. ^ Supreme Council - parliamentary news MPs vote on a resolution accepting the resignation of Parliamentary Speaker Yevgeny Shevchuk. (22 July 2009)
  6. ^ Yevgeny Shevchuk, "I call on you all to unite to protect our future, where there is the rule of law, the strong people are just, the weak people are protected, and everyone works and maintains stability”.
  7. ^ Запасной аэродром Игоря Смирнова: Предварительные результаты выборов президента могут признать недействительными, Независимая газета, 15 December 2011. http://www.ng.ru/cis/2011-12-15/1_smirnov.html
  8. ^ "Выборы президента ПМР: 100% бюллетеней: за независимость - 76,4%, за "кандидата Кремля" - 20,2%, ИА REGNUM, 25 December 2011".
  9. ^ "Кремль дважды проиграл Приднестровье / СНГ / Независимая газета". www.ng.ru.
  10. ^ "Президент Приднестровья издал указ о подготовке к присоединению к России". Russia-24 (in Russian). 9 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Может ли Приднестровье присоединиться к РФ?". Hromadske.TV (in Russian). 13 September 2016.
  12. ^ "The ex-Transnistrian leader, Evgheni Shevchuk, charged in 5 criminal cases". Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  13. ^ Экс-президент Приднестровья Шевчук тайно покинул республику. РИА Новости (in Russian). 28 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Из Приднестровья сбежал бывший президент непризнанной республики. Что случилось? — Meduza". Meduza (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  15. ^ "Экс-президент Приднестровья сбежал на лодке в Молдавию". РБК. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  16. ^ "Andrey Safonov". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  17. ^ Молдавия не выдаст Приднестровью экс-президента Шевчука. ТАСС (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  18. ^ "В Приднестровье объявили в розыск экс-президента". РБК.
  19. ^ "Court trial on "the case of Shevchuk" to be hold in Transnistria".

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the Supreme Council
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Transnistria
2011–2016
Succeeded by