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Yevgeny Ivanovich Tolstikov (Russian: Евгений Иванович Толстиков) (February 9, 1913 – December 3, 1987) was a Soviet polar explorer, awarded by the Hero of the Soviet Union title. He led the Third Soviet Antarctic Expedition and one of the first manned drifting ice stations in the Arctic.
In 1979, he was made deputy chairman of the State Committee for Hydrometeorolgy and Environmental Control.
A minor planet 3357 Tolstikov discovered by Czech astronomer Antonín Mrkos in 1984 is named after him.