Yevlakh

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Coordinates: 40°37′02″N 47°09′00″E / 40.61722°N 47.15000°E / 40.61722; 47.15000

Yevlax
Coat of arms of Yevlax
Coat of arms
Yevlax is located in Azerbaijan
Yevlax
Yevlax
Coordinates: 40°37′02″N 47°09′00″E / 40.61722°N 47.15000°E / 40.61722; 47.15000
Country  Azerbaijan
Area
 • Total 95 km2 (37 sq mi)
Elevation 17 m (56 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 59,036
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+4 (AZT)
Area code(s) +994 166

Yevlakh (Azerbaijani: Yevlax) is a city in Azerbaijan, 265 km west of capital Baku. It is surrounded by, but administratively separate from, the rayon of the same name. The city forms a distinct administrative division of Azerbaijan.

Etymology

The name of the city comes from an Old Turkic word meaning 'swampy place.'[1]

History

The city of Yevlakh was initially established as a station in the 80s of the last century and known as the "Vagzal" for a long time by the local population. In the official documents and sources of the 19th century and early 20th century the city is referred as Yevlakh station of Yelizavetpol province, then Yevlakh village of Yelizavetpol province, and in 1920, it took the name of Yevlakh village locating in Javanshir region. The Yevlakh region first was organized on February 20, 1935, by the decision of Azerbaijan SSR, on February 1, 1939, by the decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic, Yevlakh was referred as a city. The Yevlakh region was abolished by the decision of the X session of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic on December 26, 1962, and its territory was transferred to Agdash, Barda and Gasim Ismayilov districts, and it became the industrial city of in Azerbaijan SSR. In 1965, Yevlakh again turned into an independent region. By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijani SSR on January 6, 1965, Yevlakh was included into the list of cities in Azerbaijan SSR and started the construction of industrial enterprises in the city. Nowadays, the city has 4200 meters long Heydar Aliyev, Nizami avenues, 5500 meters long and 168 streets. The monument dedicated to the Azerbaijan’s national leader Heydar Aliyev that locates in the biggest square within the city- Heydar Aliyev Square, Heydar Aliyev Alley, Dede Gorgud, Samad Vurgun, Nizami, Friendship, Independence parks have been established lately.[2]

Geography

Yevlakh is located in Kur-Araz natural-economic zones and Aran (Kur-Araz) economic region (also referred as Lowland Economic Region) covers 21.1 thousand km2 (24.7% of the territory of Azerbaijan).  The climate that common for this region is dry subtropical.[3]

Climate

Yevlakh has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk).

Climate data for Yevlax
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
8.7
(47.7)
13.1
(55.6)
21.5
(70.7)
26.4
(79.5)
30.2
(86.4)
34.3
(93.7)
32.9
(91.2)
28.7
(83.7)
21.4
(70.5)
14.4
(57.9)
9.5
(49.1)
20.7
(69.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.2
(37.8)
7.3
(45.1)
14.4
(57.9)
19.9
(67.8)
24.4
(75.9)
27.8
(82)
26.4
(79.5)
22.3
(72.1)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.5
(40.1)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
0.0
(32)
4.1
(39.4)
9.1
(48.4)
14.1
(57.4)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
20.4
(68.7)
16.8
(62.2)
10.9
(51.6)
5.5
(41.9)
0.9
(33.6)
10.0
(50)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
20
(0.79)
22
(0.87)
34
(1.34)
47
(1.85)
45
(1.77)
22
(0.87)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
49
(1.93)
25
(0.98)
20
(0.79)
339
(13.35)
Average precipitation days 4 5 6 6 7 5 3 2 3 5 4 4 54
Mean monthly sunshine hours 104.5 97.7 130.4 189.6 222.3 262.2 280.1 261.1 217.9 162.3 112.4 104.5 2,145
Source: NOAA[4]

Demographics

The demographics of Yevlakh city embrace the demographic features of the population of the city of Yevlakh including population growth, population density, economic status and other aspects. As of 2016, the population increased in the city in comparison with the previous years about 7.1 thousand people. According to the population census data in 2009, urban population accounted for 55.04% and rural was 44.96%.[5]

Number of population

(Based on population census data in 2009)
Area Total Male Female
number % number % number %
In Yevlakh city 117803 100,0 55535 100,0 62268 100,0
Urban population 64841 55,04 29552 53,21 35289 56,67
Rural population 52962 44,96 25983 46,79 26979 43,33
including
Yevlakh city 57681 48,96 26098 46,99 31583 50,72
Aran settlement 6451 5,48 3128 5,63 3323 5,34
Duzdagh settlement 442 0,38 201 0,36 241 0,39
Meyveli settlement 267 0,23 125 0,23 142 0,23
Havarli village 4876 4,14 2416 4,35 2460 3,95
Ashaghi Bucag village 4388 3,72 2120 3,82 2268 3,64
Khaldan village 4181 3,55 2060 3,71 2121 3,41
Samadabad village 3795 3,22 1904 3,43 1891 3,04
Tanrigulular village 3701 3,14 1848 3,33 1853 2,98
Yuxarı Garxun village 3401 2,89 1648 2,97 1753 2,82
Ashaghi Salamabad village 2825 2,40 1360 2,45 1465 2,35
Goyunbinasi kənd village 2779 2,36 1336 2,41 1443 2,32
Karamammadli village 2705 2,30 1335 2,40 1370 2,20
Arabbasra village 2618 2,22 1263 2,27 1355 2,18
Salahli village 2592 2,20 1297 2,34 1295 2,08
Kover village 2375 2,02 1189 2,14 1186 1,90
Karamanli village 2263 1,92 1116 2,01 1147 1,84
Malbinasi village 2246 1,91 1113 2,00 1133 1,82
Varvara village 2109 1,79 1016 1,83 1093 1,76
other 6108 5,18 2962 5,33 3146 5,05

Economy

Yevlakh is one of the important rayons of the country in terms of economy. The farmers grow potato, vegetable, water-melon and fruits, as well. Agriculture mainly connected with cotton growing, grain growing and livestock breeding. Yevlakh is also engaged in poultry farming and silkworm breeding. There are agricultural processing enterprises, manufacturing and industrial complexes within the city.[6]

Yevlakh City is also rich with natural resources like clay mixture sand deposits, as well as clay, sand and gravel deposits needed for brick making.

Culture

Yevlakh city was referred as "gates of Karabakh" in some historical documents of XII century. Via those "gates" there were passed roads towards, being the well-known in Azerbaijan, eylags (alpine grasslands - summer pastures) in Kelbajar, Lachin and further to Batabat. Morover, there are many fields of culture in the city of Yavlakh. 45 libraries serves the population of the district. Ten of them are located in the city center and 35 in the villages. There are 552300 copies of books in the book fund of the libraries. Currently, there are 18 culture houses (2 in the city, 16 in the villages), 22 clubs and 6 music schools in the city. Yevlakh History and Ethnography Museum (2005) and Heydar Aliyev Museum (2006) are two main museums in Yevlakh.[7][8]

Music and media

The regional channel El TV is headquartered in the city.[9]

Transport

Air

Yevlax Airport is the only airport in the city.[10] The airport is connected by bus to the city center. There are domestic flights to Baku.

Rail

Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway will directly connect the city with Turkey and Georgia.

Yevlakh sits on one of the Azerbaijani primary rail lines running East-West connecting the capital, Baku, with the rest of the country. The Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway will run along the line through the city. The railway provides both human transportation and transport of goods and commodities such as oil and gravel.

Yevlakh's Central Railway Station is the terminus for national and international rail links to the city. The Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway, which will directly connect Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan, began to be constructed in 2007 and is scheduled for completion in 2015.[11] The completed branch will connect Yevlakh with Tbilisi in Georgia, and from there trains will continue to Akhalkalaki, and Kars in Turkey.[12]

Notable residents

Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: Orthodox theologian Pavel Florensky, human rights activist Anar Mammadli and government civilian Elmar Valiyev.

References

External links