Yi-Liu dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native toChina
RegionCentral and western Jiangxi
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6yilu
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Yi-Liu, sometimes called Yichun dialect (simplified Chinese: 宜春话; traditional Chinese: 宜春話) after its principal variety, is a dialect of Gan Chinese. It is spoken in Yichun in Jiangxi province and in Liuyang in Hunan, after which it is named, as well as inShanggao, Qingjiang, Xingan, Xinyu City, Fen yi, Pingxiang City, Fengcheng, Wanzai in Jiangxi and in Liling in Hunan.


The Yichun variety will be taken as representative.


Consonants of Yichun Gan
  Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-
Velar Glottal
Nasal m ɲ   ŋ  
Plosive aspirated      
unaspirated p t     k  
Affricate aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ    
unaspirated   ts    
Fricative f s ɕ ʃ   h
Lateral approximant   l        


Sonograph produced tone contour graph[2]
Tone chart of Yichun Gan[2]
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Examples
1 yin ping (阴平) ˨˦ (25) 多家彪都姑波编邦
2 yang ping (阳平) ˦ (44) 婆爬钱磨驴朋肥扶
3 shang sheng (上声) ˧˩ (31) 左努改讨巧草拐苦
4 yang qu (去声) ˨˩˧ (213) 大树害饭谢用望漏
5 ru sheng (入声) ˥ (55) 月六黑割发白湿毒


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yi-Liu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b 马晓勤. "宜春话声调系统的实验研究." 天津中医药大学, 2006.