Yiewsley

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Yiewsley
Cowley Peachy Junction, Grand Union Canal, Yiewsley - geograph.org.uk - 90224.jpg
Grand Union Canal just north of Yiewsley
Yiewsley is located in Greater London
Yiewsley
Yiewsley
Location within Greater London
Population12,979 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ0608880405
• Charing Cross17.29 mi (27.83 km) E
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWEST DRAYTON
Postcode districtUB7
Dialling code01895
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°30′45″N 0°28′21″W / 51.512619°N 0.47261°W / 51.512619; -0.47261Coordinates: 51°30′45″N 0°28′21″W / 51.512619°N 0.47261°W / 51.512619; -0.47261

Yiewsley (/ˈjzli/ YOOZ-lee) is a large suburban village in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is situated 2 miles (3 km) south of Uxbridge, the borough's commercial and administrative centre. Yiewsley was a chapelry in the ancient parish of Hillingdon, Middlesex.[2] The population of the Yiewsley ward was recorded as 12,979 in the 2011 Census.

Toponymy[edit]

Yiewsley is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. The place-name probably derives from the Anglo-Saxon Wifeleslēah: "Wifel's woodland clearing". The earliest written record of Yiewsley is from 1235 where it is shown as Wiuesleg in Assize Rolls.[3]

History[edit]

There is little recorded about Yiewsley until the late 18th century, when the Grand Junction Canal was cut. A branch of the canal known as Otter Dock which stretched 0.7 miles (1.1 km) north from the Grand Junction mainline was cut in order to service Yiewsley's brickworks. Brick-making and agriculture were the main industries in Yiewsley during the late 18th and 19th centuries, and the expansion of the brickworks resulted in a large growth in population. By 1856 at least five million bricks per year were being molded and fired in brick-fields in the Parish of Hillingdon.[4] Bricks were then transported by canal to a yard near South Wharf Basin, Paddington. The last brick-field closed in 1935 following strikes and the Great Depression.

The arrival of the Great Western Railway and the building of West Drayton railway station in 1838 resulted in new houses being built and a sharp increase in both population and trade. A branch line to Uxbridge was completed in 1856. This ran until closed as part of the Beeching plan in 1964 (although passenger services had been discontinued in 1962).

As the population grew, a new church, St Matthew's,[5] was dedicated on 6 July 1859, and enlarged in 1898.[6] Yiewsley remained a parish of Hillingdon until 1896.

Geography[edit]

The western side of Yiewsley lies within the Colne Valley Regional Park. Here the River Colne forms the county boundary between the London Borough of Hillingdon and Buckinghamshire. The confluence of the Frays River and River Pinn also occurs in this area and there are several man-made lakes. After climbing over the Chiltern Hills on its southward journey, the Grand Union Canal turns east in Yiewsley to route towards London. Half a mile north of this turn, the five miles long Slough Arm of the canal leaves the Grand Union main line at the Cowley Peachy Junction, crossing over the Frays River and River Colne in aqueducts on its westward journey towards the Slough basin.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

To the west of Yiewsley, beyond the River Colne lie the Buckinghamshire villages of Iver, Richings Park and Thorney. To the north, over the River Pinn and the Slough Arm of the Grand Union Canal is Cowley Peachey. To the northeast of Yiewsley is Hillingdon and the villages of Colham Green and Goulds Green. To the west lies Stockley Park and to the south, across the Great Western Railway is West Drayton.

Culture and Recreation[edit]

  • The Yiewsley and West Drayton Arts Council[7] maintain the Southlands Arts Centre[8] in West Drayton. They oversee events and promote local creativity. There are many exhibitions, music festivals, and creative endeavours from fine arts, photography, film-making and music groups.
  • Community events are held at Yiewsley’s three churches, St Matthew’s Parish Church,[5] Yiewsley Baptist Church[9] and Yiewsley Methodist church.[10] Events are also held at the Yiewsley and West Drayton Community centre in West Drayton.[11]
  • The Outline Community Theatre Company is based at St Matthews Church and stages productions of both modern and classic theatre in the local area.[12]
  • The Yiewsley and West Drayton Band is a second section brass band established in 1890 and maintains a year round programme of concerts and community events.[13]
  • Stockley Country Park[14] has 274 acres of parkland and includes a 18 hole golf course. The Gould Green Riding School provides horse riding lessons in the park.[15]
  • The London Loop, Beeches Way, The Celandine route, Shakespeare’s Way, the Colne Valley Trail and The Grand Union Canal walk route along the footpaths, bridleways and canal towpaths in Yiewsley.
  • Uxbridge F.C. established 1871, are one the oldest football clubs in the south of England. They play at Honeycroft on Horton Road.
  • Trenic Fitness Centre in Yiewsley High Street specialises in combat and martial art classes and Nuffield Health have their Fitness and Wellbeing Gym in Stockley Park.
  • Thorney Weir the Mets and Lizard Lakes fishery have Coarse fishing in their lakes in Yiewsley.

Political Representation[edit]

Commerce[edit]

Yiewsley’s main commercial area is on and adjacent to Horton Road. Businesses here include the manufacturer John Guest and the data centre company Virtus, who have the UK’s largest data centre campus at Prologis Park West London.[19] New Pro Foundries in Horton Close have produced the bronze BAFTA awards. Continental Tyres have their UK Head office, Continental House on Yiewsley High Street.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

West Drayton railway station is located at the southern end of Yiewsley High Street and is on the Great Western Main Line. TfL Rail operates a stopping service between London Paddington and Reading and Great Western Railway (GWR) operates a stopping service between London Paddington and Didcot Parkway.

Buses[edit]

There are regular London bus services from Yiewsley to Uxbridge, Hayes, Ruislip, Hounslow and to the Heathrow Airport Terminals.

Air[edit]

Heathrow Airport lies 2.5 miles (4 km) south of Yiewsley.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hillingdon Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Yiewsley Ch/CP through time – Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Survey of English Place-Names". epns.nottingham.ac.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Hillingdon, including Uxbridge: Economic and social history". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Home - St Matthew's Yiewsley". Stmatthewsyiewsley.org.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  6. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1993). The London Encyclopaedia (Rev. ed.). London: PaperMac. p. 1002. ISBN 0333576888. OCLC 28963301.
  7. ^ "Yiewsley and West Drayton Arts Council". eventbrite.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Southlands Art Centre". southlandsarts.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Yiewsley Baptist Church". yiewsleybaptistchurch.com. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Yiewsley Methodist Church". yiewsleymethodistchurch.org.
  11. ^ "Yiewsley and West Drayton Community Centre". www.ywdcc.org.uk.
  12. ^ "Outline Community Theatre Company". outlinetheatre.co.uk/. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  13. ^ "The Yiewsley and West Drayton Band". ywdband.com.
  14. ^ "Stockley Country Park". hillingdon.gov.uk/stockleycountrypark. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Gould Green Riding School". gouldsgreenridingschool.co.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Councillor Ahmad-Wallana". modgov.hillingdon.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Councillor Arnold". modgov.hillingdon.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Councillor Deville". modgov.hillingdon.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Virtus Data Centre Campus". virtusdatacentres.com/locations/stockley-park-campus.

External links[edit]