Yik'in Chan K'awiil

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Yik'in Chan K'awiil
Ajaw of Tikal
27th in the line
TempleIIILintelMaudslay.jpg
Yik'in Chan K'awiil as depicted in a lintel from Tikal Temple IV.[1]
Reign December 8, 734-c.746
Predecessor Jasaw Chan K'awiil I
Successor 28th Ruler
Born before 734
Died c.746
Issue 28th Ruler
Yax Nuun Ahiin II
Father Jasaw Chan K'awiil I
Mother Lady Lahan Unen Mo'
Religion Maya religion

Yik'in Chan K'awiil[N 1] also known as Ruler B, Yaxkin Caan Chac and Sun Sky Rain, (before 734-c.746), was an ajaw of the Maya city of Tikal. He took the throne on December 8, 734.[N 2][2]

Biography[edit]

Yik'in Chan K'awiil's glyph

Identified by Mayanist epigraphers as the 27th ruler in Tikal's dynastic succession,[3] Yik'in Chan K'awiil was one of Tikal's most successful and expansionary rulers, consolidating the political gains won by his father, Jasaw Chan K'awiil I. During his reign prolific building works were undertaken at Tikal, with a number of the site's significant still-standing structures commissioned or extended under his direction. Before advances in the decipherment of the Maya script revealed this reading of his name, this ruler was also known to researchers as Tikal Ruler B.[2]

Yik'in K'awiil conquered Calakmul in 736 and two other Calakmul allies in 743 and 744. El Peru to the east and Naranjo to the west destroying the noose of power that had previously dominated the area.[4]

His principal wife was a princess of Palenque, her personal name is unknown, but her formal title was Lady Yax Ahau Xoc. It is unknown exactly where his tomb lies, but strong archaeological parallels between Burial 116 (the resting place of his father) and Burial 196, located in the diminutive pyramid immediately south of Tikal Temple II and referred to as Structure 5D-73, suggest the latter may be the tomb of Yik’in Chan Kawiil. Other possible locations, and likely candidates as mortuary shrines, include Tikal Temple IV and Tikal Temple VI.[5][6]

The monuments and texts associated with Yik'in Chan K'awiil are: Stelae 5, 20? and 21; Altars 2, 8? and 9; Column Altars 1, 2? and 3?; Temple 4 Lintels 2 and 3; Lintel from Structure 5D-52; Tikal Rock Sculpture?.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The ruler's name, when transcribed is ?-(ya)-CHAN-K'AWI:L-la, translated "K'awiil that Darkens the Sky", Martin & Grube 2008, p.48.
  2. ^ These are the dates indicated on the Maya inscriptions in Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, Accession: 9.15.3.6.8 3 Lamat 6 Pax, Martin & Grube 2008, p.48.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p. 401.
  2. ^ a b c Martin & Grube 2008, p.48.
  3. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p. 313; Tikal Stela 5 records his lineage statement, as the 27th successor from the founder of Tikal's dynastic line.
  4. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, p.49.
  5. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, pp.304–305
  6. ^ Martin & Grube 2008, p.50.


References[edit]

Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2008). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya (2nd ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500287262. OCLC 191753193. 
Sharer, Robert J.; Loa P. Traxler (2006). The Ancient Maya (6th, fully revised ed.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4816-0. OCLC 28067148. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jasaw Chan K'awiil I
Ajaw of Tikal
December 8, 734-c.746
Succeeded by
28th Ruler