Yilan County, Taiwan
|Country||Republic of China|
|Largest city||Yilan City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 11 (3 urban, 8 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Lin Tsung-hsien (DPP)|
|• Total||2,143.6251 km2 (827.6583 sq mi)|
|Area rank||6 of 22|
|Population (Dec. 2014)|
|• Rank||17 of 22|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Tree||Chinese flame tree (Koelreuteria formosana)|
|Yilan County, Taiwan|
Yilan County (Chinese: 宜蘭縣; pinyin: Yílán Xiàn; Wade–Giles: I2-lan2 Hsien4) is a county in Northeastern Taiwan. Yilan is officially administered as a county of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China, commonly called Taiwan.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government
- 5 Demographics and culture
- 6 Education
- 7 Tourist attractions
- 8 Delicious food in Yilan county
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Relative location
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The name Yilan name derives from the aboriginal Kavalan tribe. Other former names include Kabalan, Kavalan, La-A-Lan,E-A-Lan, and Gilan. Before 2009, the county's official name was transliterated as Ilan.
The Kavalan people came by the sea and lived by the river at Yilan Plain since around 1,000 years ago. They mostly speak the Austronesian languages. Their settlements consisted of small villages along rivers with around 40-50 communities scattered around the area with a total population of approximately 10,000 people. The Atayal people came by crossing the Xiyuan Pass and settled in the mountain areas.
The Atayal people arrived in Yilan around 250 years ago and settled along the upper Dazhuoshui River. Later, the tribes crossed the Siyuan Pass to reach the valley upstream of the Zhuoshui River. These people are the current residents of Datong Township. Other parts of the Atayal people headed east to enter and settle along the Nan'ao North River and Heping North River. These groups are now settled in Nan-ao Township.
Around 200 years ago at the end of 18th century, the Han Chinese traversed the mountain range and settled in Yilan. Large populations began taming with the wilderness, cultivating the fields and building irrigation channels. They used various means to seize lands from the Kavalans. Some Kavalans left their homes while some others migrated southwards to Hualien and Taitung coastlines and established settlements.
The Spaniards began arriving in Taiwan in the 17th century. In 1626, the Spaniards led an invasion under the pretext of ship crews having been slain by Taiwanese barbarians. They then torched harbors and surrounding villages, and even went as far as taking over Su'ao Town and established a city called Saint Lorenzo.
The Spaniards were subsequently ousted by the Dutch who had taken over the southern part of Taiwan and established Dutch Formosa. In 1640, the Dutch began contacting Han Chinese merchants for trade and levying taxes on various commercial goods. The merchants had to pay all company taxes but also enjoyed the right to monopolize trade.
Kingdom of Tungning
When the Qing Dynasty annexed Taiwan, they established the Kavalan sub-prefecture in Yilan. In 1806, armed conflicts broke out among various ethnic immigrants, followed by pillaging by pirates. The Qing Dynasty government subsequently realized that if they continued to disregard the Kavalan people and did not establish rule of law and a system of defense, Yilan would become a haven for criminals and outlaws, a thorn in the side for Taiwan. In 1809, Jiaqing Emperor incorporated Kavalan into the domain of the empire. Troops were dispatched to quell pirate attacks and chart local territory.
Local government systems in Taiwan underwent many changes during the Qing Dynasty period. But with regards to administrative levels lower than the county, including local villages, there were no major changes. The earliest organization and planning of Yilan consisted of seven citadels. In 1835, the seven citadels were further divided into 12 citadels based on the needs of the changing population and environment. This arrangement remained unchanged until the end of Qing Dynasty rule.
After the Mudan Incident in 1874, Qing rulers changed their passive attitude and took a more ambitious approach in ruling Taiwan. The original aboriginal term Kavalan district was renamed with a more Han-centric Yilan name and the administrative system was also changed accordingly from the original temporary "district" to a formally governed "county".
Empire of Japan
After the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894, the Qing government handed over Taiwan to the Japan in accordance with the Treaty of Shimonoseki. Modern-day Yilan County covers Giran District (宜蘭郡), Ratō District (羅東郡), Suō District (蘇澳郡), and Giran City (宜蘭市) as they existed from 1920 to 1945, all under Taihoku Prefecture, during Japanese rule.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945, the present-day area of Yilan County was incorporated under Taipei County. On 16 August 1950, Yilan County was established as a county of Taiwan Province with Yilan City as the county seat.
Yilan County sits on the Yilan Plain, a combined alluvial plain created by Lanyang River and other minor streams with a rough shape of triangle. On the three vertices of the triangle sit the Toucheng, Sanxing and Su-ao Townships with a roughly equal distance of 30 km on the three sides. The Xueshan Range sits on the northwest of Yilan County from Toucheng to Sanxing. The county is geographically divided into the cliffs and the plains. The Central Mountain Range sits to the south from Sanxing to Su'ao.
The Upper Lanyang River is steep and the rapid current is highly erosive. Large amount of silt carried by the river have little time to settle because of the high slope of the lands where it flows out of the mountains and valleys. An alluvial fan is formed as a result of scattered sand and gravel settling down. Large amount of gravel accumulate in the shallow stream bed, creating alluvial fans that often forms into web-like pattern. The river tends to change courses after floods caused by heavy rainfall or river overflow. The Lanyang River slows down as it reaches mid and downstream where silt begins to settle.
Yilan County is located in the northeastern Taiwan Island which covers an area of 2,143 km2. The longest distance from east to west is 63 km and from north to south is 74 km. From the mountain areas downwards, the land falls in altitude in the stages of mountains, alleys, alluvial plains, lowlands, swamps, sand hills and finally coastline.
Yilan County is administered as a county of Taiwan Province. Yilan City is the county seat which houses the Yilan County Government and Yilan County Council. The county is headed by a magistrate with the incumbent magistrate is Lin Tsung-hsien of the Democratic Progressive Party.
- Chen Ding-nan (陳定南) (1981-1989)
- Yu Shyi-kun (游錫堃) (1989-1997)
- Liu Shou-ch'eng (劉守成) (1997-2005)
- Lu Kuo-hua (呂國華) (2005-2009)
- Lin Tsung-hsien (林聰賢) (2009-)
Demographics and culture
Education related affairs in Yilan County is governed by the Education Department of Yilan County Government. The county houses several public and private universities and colleges such as the National Ilan University, Fo Guang University, Lan Yang Institute of Technology and St. Mary's Medicine Nursing and Management College.
- Guishan Island, an island located 10 km east of Toucheng Town
- Dolphin and whale watching
- Northeast Coast National Scenic Area
- Jiaoxi Hot Springs (礁溪溫泉)
- Wufongci Scenic Area (五峰旗風景區)
- Taiping Mountain
- Luodong Night Market
- National Center for Traditional Arts
- Spring Onion Culture Museum
- Changpi Lake
- Yilan International Children's Folklore and Folkgame Festival, “A dreamland for the children of Taiwan, a magnet for art from around the world, a garden of culture for the people of Ilan.” Seven years ago, these were the concepts that launched the first ICFFF, and over the years the people of Yilan have been making it happen step by step. Of all Taiwan’s folk festivals, the ICFFF is probably the best known internationally.
- Each summer, Dongshan River Water Park attracts countless children and the themes of the various years have become for many part of the collective memory. The number of people attending has grown each year since the festival was first held in 1996, surpassing one million visits for the first time in 2002. Not only does the event enrich Yilan’s cultural soil and create business opportunities, it offers a highly successful example which other cities and counties across Taiwan can draw on as they also attempt to bring more culture and art into the life of their communities.
- Started from 2004, Yilan Green International Film Festival (GIFT; Chinese: 宜蘭國際綠色影展) is a non-competition film festival which launch its 3rd edition from 28/4 to 06/5, 2006. GIFT also aims to build up an archive collecting the selected works for the purposes of relevant research as well as education. GIFT is an international film festival taking place in a beautiful country side of Taiwan. As always, our guests will notice the clean and peaceful landscape of Yilan County and the hospitality of Yilan people. We hope that GIFT is a film festival that could fulfill the expectations of all kind of the audience
- Yilan International Collegiate Invitational Regatta
- Lanyang Museum
- Surf on the rocks at beiguan
- Wushih harbor visitor center
- Gueishan Island
- Whale watching
- Climbing competition at Toucheng
- The northeast and yilan coast national Scenic Area
- Dali Tiengong Temple
- Dasi Honeymoon Bay
- HeDong Tang Lion Museum
- Caoling Historic Trail
- Peikuan Crab Museum
- Hjiaoxi Hot Spring Museum
- Jiaoxi Park
- Jiaoxi Hot Spring Festival
- Longtan Lake
- Jiaosi Sietian Temple
- Erlong Village Dragon Boat Race
- Linmei Golf course
- Wufongci Scenic Area
- Jinche Orchids Park
- Linmei-Shipan Trail
- Tangweigou Park, Tangwei Hot spring
- Jiaosi Hot Springs
- Winter Hot Spring Season at Yilan
- Yilan Train Station
- Yilan zhongshan Park
- Yilan Performance Hall
- Yilan Riverside Park
- Yilan County Memorial hall
- Yilan Toursit information center
- Jhaoying Temple
- Yilan Sports Park
- Bisis Temple
- Jia Zi Lan Wine Museum
- Luodong Jhongshan
- Taipei lumber industry Memorial Park, Luodong
- Lundong Confucius temple
- Luodong Jhongshang Park
- Luodong Zhongshan Park
- Luodong Arts Festival Fringe
- Luodong Night Market
- Yillan International Children’Folklore and Folkgame Festival
- Dongshan River Water Park
- Renshan Botanical Garden
- Sancing Temple
- Plum blossom Lake
- Dongshan River forest Park
- Rafting on the Annong creek
- National Center for Traditional Arts
- Wujie “Zao-ang” Walking Gods’s Sedan Chair Race (Festival)
- Asia Pacific Traditional Arts festival
- Lanyang Rivermouth Waterbird Refuge
- Wuweigang Bird sanctuary
- Taiwanese Opera
- Wulaokeng Scenic Area
- White Rice Community
- Suao Cold Spring Festival
- Suao Cold Spring
- Neibi Beach
- Doufu Cap
- Nanfangao, Nantian Temple
- Nanao Zhaoyang National Trail
- Dong-ao Bay, Fenniaolin
- The Mysterious Lake
- Nan Ao South River
- Shayun Commemorative Park
- Jinyue Waterfall
- Dongyue Gushing Spring
- Siqu Hot Spring
- Aohua Spring
- Kavalan Wisky
- Caoling Historic Trail
- Yuanshang Park
- Taiwanese Opera
- Dahu Scenic Area
- Yuanshan Lantern festival
- Songluo National Trail
- Exploration in HanSi
- Renze Hot Spring
- Taipingshan National Forest Recreation Area
- Cueifong Lake
Delicious food in Yilan county
Dried kumquat (Chinese: 金橘; pinyin: Jīnjú). During the Chinese New Year, Chinese people buy kumquat and tangerine trees to decorate their house or office, because kumquat is homophonous with "gold and luck" in Chinese. After the festival, some people may throw the trees away when they become wrinkled. As far as 2000 years ago, people found the way in the hive, not only adding sweetness to fruit but also saving it from rotting. Honey becomes a natural preservation and necessary ingredient for fruit preservation. Around 90% of kumquat is grown in Yilan, Jiaoxi, Yuanshang and Sanxing. Dried Kumquat is great for sore throat, breath refreshing and digestion.
Red Dew wine in Chinese
Red Dew wine (Chinese: 紅露酒; pinyin: Hóng lù jiǔ),the origin can be traced back to Anxi, Fujiang Province, generally known as Anxi red wine. Yilan Brewery, found by Lin Qing-yun started to produce Anxi red wine later renamed Red Dew Wine in 1946. The red dew wine is a local jewel of historical value and a great drink among the public. The wine was thought to be great for, becoming a must drink at weddings, birthdays and religious rituals.
Cow tongue-shaped pastry
Cow tongue-shaped pastry (Chinese: 牛舌形糕點; pinyin: niú shé xíng gāodiǎn)is a must eat in yilan.It is the local specialty of Yilan Province in Taiwan. Cow tongue-shaped pastry is so named due to its resemblance to cow tongue.The commercial grade came in many different flavors including, cheese, coconut, black sesame etc… The cookies are whisper thin and gloriously brittle. Packed with the wonderful flavors of butter and maltose, the fragrance is delightfully distracting.
Century Egg (Chinese: 皮蛋; pinyin: pídàn)is a Chinese cuisine ingredient made by preserving duck, chicken or quail eggs in a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quicklime, and rice hulls for several weeks or months. The first lead-free Century Eggs was introduced in 1979. The eggs are now not only popular across the island but exported to the US, Japan, Canada, and South Africa.
Sanxing Green Onion pancake
Sanxing Green Onion pancake is a famous around the island for its rich flavor, delicate texture and various nutrients. It dough is made from brown rice, lotus seeds, and black beans, lending is a very chewy texture.
Bao shin Fen yuan
Bao shin Fen yuan is one of Luodong’s most popular desserts. Must eat in Luodong.
Red Fermented Rice
The rice grain is first soaked in Suao's unique cold spring. The soaked rice is then fermented until each riec grain turning bright red in its core and reddish purple on the outside. The fully cultured rice is sold as a wet paste.
Mashed Taro is used to be a required entree-in local banquets. The sweet dessert delivers rich aroma and delicate taste like Gaozha, mashed taro requires complex making process. similarly, this dish represents the people of Yilan county-- apparently cold on the outside, but actually piping hot inside.
Lanyand plian bears a variety of fruit like kumpuat, orange, water melons... all of the fruits rely on bees for pollination, yielding different flavors of honey.
Yilan offers an arrange of natural resouces, cultural relics, and historical landmarks. Visitors to the county can enjoy the area's diverse geographical landscape.
Xilu Meat is anothers traditional Yilan dish. I t is pork shreds stir_fried in large amounts of black pepper and a bit a red chili, with the Chinese cabbage and bamboo shoot, the braised in chicken stock. the strong taste goes well with rice.
Yilan's spciality, is made of ground pork, fat meat, sugared gourd, flour, and duck eggs. The unique taste is unforgettable.
The Yilan Line and North-Link Line of Taiwan Railways Administration pass the county. Train stations within the two lines in the county are Shihcheng, Dali, Daxi, Guishan, Wai-ao, Toucheng, Dingpu, Jiaoxi, Sicheng, Yilan, Erjie, Zhongli, Luodong, Dongshan, Xinma, Su'aoxin, Su'ao, Yongle, Dong-ao, Wuta and Hanben Station.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yilan County.|
- Campbell, William (1903). "Explanatory Notes". Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London: Kegan Paul. p. 543. OCLC 644323041.
- [dead link]
- "Jiaosi Hot Springs". National Central Library.
- "Wufongci (Five-Peak Flag) Scenic Area". National Central Library.
- "Taipingshan". taiwan.com.au.
- Travel Bureau MOTC, R.O.C.
- Yilan County Government Website (Chinese)  (English)
- ICFFF website (Chinese)
- NE Coast National Scenic Area website (English)
- Wufongci Waterfall (Japanese)
- Yilan - A Natural Choice for Families