Yin (Five Dynasties period)

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Capital Jian Prefecture
Languages Middle Chinese
Government Monarchy
 •  943-945 Wang Yanzheng
Historical era Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
 •  Rebellion of Yin by Wang Yanzheng 943
 •  Ended by Southern Tang 945

The Yin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yīn) was a short-lived kingdom during China’s Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the time between the fall of the Tang Dynasty and the foundation of the Song Dynasty.

Rebellion from Min[edit]

The Min kingdom was founded in 909 after the Tang Dynasty collapsed. However, after the founder of the kingdom, Wang Shenzhi, died in 925, the sons squabbled with one another. In 943, that led to an all out rebellion as one of Wang Shenzhi’s sons, Wang Yanzheng, rebelled and carved out the Yin Kingdom out of the northwestern part of the Min kingdom.

Territorial Extant[edit]

The Yin kingdom was rather small, occupying an area in present-day northern Fujian and southern Zhejiang. It was bounded by Wuyue to the north, Min to the south and east and the Southern Tang to the west.

Fall of the Kingdom[edit]

Yin was one of the shortest lived kingdoms in Chinese history. The Min court asked the Southern Tang for assistance in dealing with the Yin. The Southern Tang intervened, but on their own behalf and absorbed the kingdom into its own domains. The following year, it absorbed the Min as well.


Sovereigns in Yin Kingdom 943–945
Temple Names ( Miao Hao 廟號) Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao 諡號 ) Personal Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
Did not exist Tian De Di (天德帝 Tiān Dédì) (as Emperor of Yin) 王延政 Wáng Yánzhèng 943–945 Tiande (天德 Tiān Dé) 943–945


  • Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China (900–1800). Harvard University Press. pp. 11, 16. ISBN 978-0-674-01212-7.