Yindjibarndi, with around 1000 speakers has been called the most innovative descendant of then proto-Ngayarta language. It is mutually intelligible with Kurruma. Due to their displacement in the colonisation process which forced them into Roebourne, many speakers are Ngarluma people who have adopted Yindjibarndi. Their spatial concepts regarding landscape of do not translate with any equivalent conceptual extension into English.
Traditionally, until the arrival of Europeans, the Yindjibarndi lived along the middle sector of the valley through which the Fortescue River runs, and the nearby uplands. Beginning in the 1860s pastoralists established cattle stations on their homeland, and the Yindjibarndi were herded into settlements. Today most of them are congregated in and around the traditional Ngarluma territory whose centre is Roebourne.
Notes and references
- "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
- "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
- Mark, David M.; Turk, Andrew G (2003). "Landscape Categories in Yindjibarndi: Ontology, Environment and Language". In Kuhn, Werner; Worboys, Michael F.; Timpf, Sabine (eds.). Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Springer. pp. 29–45. ISBN 978-3-540-20148-9.
- O'Grady, Geoff; Hale, Kenneth L. (2004). "The Coherence and distinctiveness of the Pama-Nyungan language family within the Australian linguistic phylum". In Bowern, Claire; Koch, Harold James (eds.). Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 69–91. ISBN 978-9-027-24761-2.
- Rodan, Debbie (2004). Identity and Justice: Conflicts, Contradictions and Contingencies. Peter Lang. ISBN 978-9-052-01197-4.
- Turk, Andrew G; Mark, David M.; O'Meara, Caroline; Stea, David (2012). "Geography:Documenting Terms for Landscape Features". In Thieberger, Nick (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Fieldwork. Oxford University Press. pp. 368–391. ISBN 978-0-199-57188-8.