Yingya Shenglan

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A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edition of Yingya Shenglan

The Yingya Shenglan (simplified Chinese: 瀛涯胜览; traditional Chinese: 瀛涯勝覽; pinyin: yíngyá shènglǎn), written by Ma Huan, is a book about the countries visited by him over the course of the Ming treasure voyages led by Zheng He.

There is no known extant version of the original Yingya Shenglan.[1] However, copies of Ma's work have been preserved, even though these copies contain differences due to later editors.[2] These include the Jilu Huibian [紀錄彙編] version (1617),[a][1] the Guochao Diangu [國朝典故] version (between 1451 and 1644),[b][3] the Shengchao Yishi [勝朝遺事] version (1824),[c][4] and Zhang Sheng's so-called "rifacimento" (1522).[d][4]

Ma Huan served as an interpreter on the fourth, sixth, and seventh voyage.[5][6] Guo Chongli was Ma Huan collaborator on the Yingya Shenglan.[7] He personally participated in three of the expeditions.[7] These two gentlemen recorded their observations in notes, which were used to compose the Yingya Shenglan.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ It was published in chapter 62 of the Jilu Huibian (Mills 1970, 37).
  2. ^ It was published in chapter 106 of the Guochao Diangu (Mills 1970, 39).
  3. ^ It was published in chapter 1 of the Shengchao Yishi (Mills 1970, 38).
  4. ^ It was first published in 1522, posthumously. It was also published in chapter 63 of the Jilu Huibian. Zhang Sheng completely rewrote the Yingya Shenglan into a literary style of composition, while Ma Huan had originally written it in a colloquial style. (Mills 1970, 38)


  1. ^ a b Mills 1970, 37.
  2. ^ Mills 1970, 37–40.
  3. ^ Mills 1970, 39.
  4. ^ a b Mills 1970, 38.
  5. ^ Mills 1970, 35.
  6. ^ Dreyer 2007, 6–7.
  7. ^ a b c Mills 1970, 55.


  • Dreyer, Edward L. (2007). Zheng He: China and the Oceans in the Early Ming Dynasty, 1405–1433. New York: Pearson Longman. ISBN 9780321084439.
  • Mills, J.V.G. (1970). Ying-yai Sheng-lan: 'The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores' [1433]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-01032-2.