Youth International Party
|Leader||None (Pigasus used as a symbolic leader)|
|Founded||December 31, 1967(as Yippies)|
|Headquarters||New York City|
The Yipster Times|
Youth International Party Line
|Political position||Post-left (unofficial)|
|Colors||Black, green, red|
|Seats in the Senate||
0 / 100
|Seats in the House||
0 / 435
0 / 50
|State Upper Houses||
0 / 1,921
|State Lower Houses||
0 / 5,410
The Youth International Party, whose members were commonly called Yippies, was an American radically youth-oriented and countercultural revolutionary offshoot of the free speech and anti-war movements of the 1960s. It was founded on December 31, 1967. They employed theatrical gestures, such as advancing a pig ("Pigasus the Immortal") as a candidate for President in 1968, to mock the social status quo. They have been described as a highly theatrical, anti-authoritarian and anarchist youth movement of "symbolic politics".
Since they were well known for street theater and politically themed pranks, they were either ignored or denounced by many of the "old school" political left. According to ABC News, "The group was known for street theater pranks and was once referred to as the 'Groucho Marxists'."
- 1 Background
- 2 The New Nation concept
- 3 Culture and activism
- 4 Chicago '68
- 5 The Yippie movement
- 6 Writings
- 7 2000s
- 8 Yippie museum and cafe
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Yippies had no formal membership or hierarchy. Abbie and Anita Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Nancy Kurshan, and Paul Krassner founded the Yippies (according to his own account, Krassner coined the name) at a meeting in the Hoffmans' New York apartment on December 31, 1967. "If the press had created 'hippie,' could not we five hatch the 'yippie'?" Abbie Hoffman wrote.
Other activists associated with the Yippies include Stew Albert, Ed Rosenthal, Allen Ginsberg, Judy Gumbo,Ed Sanders, Robin Morgan, Phil Ochs, Robert M. Ockene, William Kunstler, Jonah Raskin, Steve Conliff, Jerome Washington,John Sinclair, Dana Beal, Betty (Zaria) Andrew, Matthew Landy Steen, Joanee Freedom, Danny Boyle, Ben Masel, Tom Forcade, Paul Watson, David Peel,Wavy Gravy, Aron Kay, Tuli Kupferberg, Jill Johnston, Daisy Deadhead, Leatrice Urbanowicz, Bob Fass, Mayer Vishner, John Murdock, Alice Torbush, Judy Lampe, Walli Leff,Patrick K. Kroupa, Steve DeAngelo, Dean Tuckerman, Dennis Peron, Jim Fouratt, Steve Wessing, John Penley, and Brenton Lengel.
A Yippie flag was frequently seen at anti-war demonstrations. The flag had a black background with a five-pointed red star in the center, and a green cannabis leaf superimposed over it. When asked about the Yippie flag, an anonymous Yippie identified only as "Jung" told The New York Times that "The black is for anarchy. The red star is for our five point program. And the leaf is for marijuana, which is for getting ecologically stoned without polluting the environment." This flag is also mentioned in Hoffman's Steal This Book.
Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin became the most famous Yippies—and bestselling authors—in part due to publicity surrounding the five-month Chicago Seven Conspiracy trial of 1969. They both used the phrase "ideology is a brain disease" to separate the Yippies from mainstream political parties that played the game by the rules. Hoffman and Rubin were arguably the most colorful of the seven defendants accused of criminal conspiracy and inciting to riot at the August 1968 Democratic National Convention. Hoffman and Rubin used the trial as a platform for Yippie antics—at one point, they showed up in court attired in judicial robes.
We needed a name to signify the radicalization of hippies, and I came up with Yippie as a label for a phenomenon that already existed, an organic coalition of psychedelic hippies and political activists. In the process of cross-fertilization at antiwar demonstrations, we had come to share an awareness that there was a linear connection between putting kids in prison for smoking pot in this country and burning them to death with napalm on the other side of the planet.
Anita Hoffman liked the word, but felt that The New York Times and other "strait-laced types" needed a more formal name to take the movement seriously. That same night she came up with Youth International Party, because it symbolized the movement and made for a good play on words.
Along with the name Youth International Party, the organization was also simply called Yippie!, as in a shout for joy (with an exclamation mark to express exhilaration). "What does Yippie! mean?" Abbie Hoffman wrote. "Energy – fun – fierceness – exclamation point!"
First press conference
The Yippies held their first press conference in New York at the Americana Hotel March 17, 1968, five months before the August 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Judy Collins sang at the press conference. The Chicago Sun-Times reported it with an article titled: "Yipes! The Yippies Are Coming!"
The New Nation concept
|Part of a series on|
the United States
The Yippie "New Nation" concept called for the creation of alternative, counterculture institutions: food co-ops; underground newspapers and zines; free clinics and support groups; artist collectives; potlatches, "swap-meets" and free stores; organic farming/permaculture; pirate radio, bootleg recording and public-access television; Squatting; free schools; etc. Yippies believed these cooperative institutions and a radicalized hippie culture would spread until they supplanted the existing system. Many of these ideas/practices came from other (overlapping and intermingling) counter-cultural groups such as the Diggers, the San Francisco Mime Troupe, the Merry Pranksters/Deadheads, the Hog Farm, the Rainbow Family, the Esalen Institute, the Peace and Freedom Party, the White Panther Party and The Farm. There was much overlap, social interaction and cross-pollination within these groups and the Yippies, so there was much crossover membership, as well as similar influences and intentions.
"We are a people. We are a new nation," YIP's New Nation Statement said of the burgeoning hippie movement. "We want everyone to control their own life and to care for one another... We cannot tolerate attitudes, institutions, and machines whose purpose is the destruction of life, the accumulation of profit."
The goal was a decentralized, collective, anarchistic nation rooted in the borderless hippie counterculture and its communal ethos. Abbie Hoffman wrote:
The flag for the "new nation" consisted of a black background with a red five pointed star in the center and a green marijuana leaf superimposed over it (same as the YIP flag).
The Chicago Museum shows a different flag for the new nation. It is not the marijuana leaf. It has the word NOW under what looks like the all-seeing eye on a pyramid seen on the back of a dollar bill.
Culture and activism
The Yippies often paid tribute to rock 'n' roll and irreverent pop-culture figures such as the Marx Brothers, James Dean and Lenny Bruce. Many Yippies used nicknames which contained Baby Boomer television or pop references, such as Pogo or Gumby. (Pogo was notable for creating the famous slogan: "We have met the enemy and he is us"—first used on a 1970 Earth Day poster.)
Forty years ago, the yippies seemed unusual because they fused the political radicalism of the New Left with the long-haired, grass-smoking lifestyle of the counterculture. Today that combination is so familiar that many people don't even realize that the protesters and the hippies initially distrusted each other. What seems most curious about the yippies today is the way they mixed hard left politics with a deep appreciation for pop culture. Abbie Hoffman announced that he wanted to combine the styles of Andy Warhol and Fidel Castro. Jerry Rubin dedicated Do it! not just to his girlfriend but to "Dope, Color TV, and Violent Revolution." Even when praising a form of mass culture that had earned some grudging respect from the late-'60s left—rock 'n' roll—Rubin's list of musicians who "gave us the life/beat and set us free" included not just raucous originals like Jerry Lee Lewis and Bo Diddley but Fabian and Frankie Avalon, commercial confections that most lefty rock intellectuals disdained as insufficiently authentic. In one chapter, Rubin complained that if "the white ideological left" took over, "Rock dancing would be taboo, and miniskirts, Hollywood movies and comic books would be illegal." All this from a self-proclaimed communist whose heroes included Castro, Chairman Mao, and Ho Chi Minh. It's not that the yippies swallowed pop culture uncritically. (Hoffman kept a sign attached to the bottom of his TV that said "bullshit.") It's that they saw the mass media's dream-world as another terrain to fight in.
At demonstrations and parades, Yippies often wore face paint or colorful bandannas to keep from being identified in photographs. Other Yippies reveled in the spotlight, allowing their stealthier comrades the anonymity they needed for their pranks.
One cultural intervention that misfired was at Woodstock, with Abbie Hoffman interrupting a performance by The Who, trying to speak against the incarceration of John Sinclair, sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1969 after giving two joints to an undercover narcotics officer. Guitarist Pete Townshend used his guitar to bat Hoffman off the stage.
The Yippies were the first on the New Left to make a point of exploiting mass media. Colorful, theatrical Yippie actions were tailored to attract media coverage and also to provide a stage where people could express the "repressed" Yippie inside them. "We believe every nonyippie is a repressed yippie," Jerry Rubin wrote in Do it! "We try to bring out the yippie in everybody."
Early Yippie actions
Yippies were famous for their sense of humor. Many direct actions were often satirical and elaborate pranks or put-ons. An application to levitate The Pentagon during the October, 1967 March on the Pentagon, and a mass protest/mock levitation at the building organized by Rubin, Hoffman and company at the event, helped to set the tone for Yippie when it was established a couple of months later.
Another famous prank just before Yippie was coined was a guerrilla theater event in New York City in 1967. Abbie Hoffman and a group of future Yippies managed to get into a tour of the New York Stock Exchange, where they threw fistfuls of real and fake US$ from the balcony of the visitors' gallery down to the traders below, some of whom booed, while others began to scramble frantically to grab the money as fast as they could.  The visitors' gallery was closed until a glass barrier could be installed, to prevent similar incidents.
On the 40th anniversary of the NYSE event, CNN-Money editor James Ledbetter described the now-famous incident:
[The] group of pranksters began throwing handfuls of one-dollar bills over the railing, laughing the entire time. (The exact number of bills is a matter of dispute; Hoffman later wrote that it was 300, while others said no more than 30 or 40 were thrown.)
Some of the brokers, clerks and stock runners below laughed and waved; others jeered angrily and shook their fists. The bills barely had time to land on the ground before guards began removing the group from the building, but news photos had been taken and the Stock Exchange "happening" quickly slid into iconic status.
Once outside, the activists formed a circle, holding hands and chanting "Free! Free!" At one point, Hoffman stood in the center of the circle and lit the edge of a $5 bill while grinning madly, but an NYSE runner grabbed it from him, stamped on it, and said: "You're disgusting."
If the prank accomplished nothing else, it helped cement Hoffman's reputation as one of America's most outlandish and creative protestors ... the "Yippie" movement quickly became a prominent part of America's counterculture.
There was a clash with police on March 22, 1968, where a large group of countercultural youths led by the Yippies descended into Grand Central Station for a "Yip-In". The night erupted into a violent clash with police that Don McNeill of The Village Voice christened a "pointless confrontation in a box canyon". A month after the Grand Central Station Yip-In, Yippies organized a "Yip-Out," a be-in style event in Central Park that went off peacefully and drew 20,000 people. In his book A Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America, author David Armstrong points out that the Yippie hybrid of performance art, Guerilla theatre and political irreverence was often in direct conflict with the sensibility of the 60s American Left/peace movement:
The Yippies' unorthodox approach to revolution, which emphasized spontaneity over structure, and media blitz over community organizing, put them almost as much at odds with the rest of the left as with mainstream culture. Wrote (Jerry) Rubin in the Berkeley Barb, "The worst thing you can say about a demonstration is that it is boring, and one of the reasons that the peace movement has not grown into a mass movement is that the peace movement--its literature and its events--is a bore. Good theatre is needed to communicate revolutionary content."
House Un-American Activities Committee
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) subpoenaed Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman of the Yippies in 1967, and again in the aftermath of the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Yippies used media attention to make a mockery of the proceedings: Rubin came to one session dressed as an American Revolutionary War soldier, and passed out copies of the United States Declaration of Independence to people in attendance. Then Rubin "blew giant gum bubbles while his co-witnesses taunted the committee with Nazi salutes". Rubin also attended HUAC dressed as Santa Claus and a Viet Cong soldier.
On another occasion, police stopped Hoffman at the building entrance and arrested him for wearing an American flag. Hoffman quipped for the press, "I regret that I have but one shirt to give for my country", paraphrasing the last words of revolutionary patriot Nathan Hale; meanwhile Rubin, who was wearing a matching Viet Cong flag, shouted that the police were Communists for not arresting him also.
According to The Harvard Crimson:
In the fifties, the most effective sanction was terror. Almost any publicity from HUAC meant the 'blacklist.' Without a chance to clear his name, a witness would suddenly find himself without friends and without a job. But it is not easy to see how in 1969 a HUAC blacklist could terrorize an SDS activist. Witnesses like Jerry Rubin have openly boasted of their contempt for American institutions. A subpoena from HUAC would be unlikely to scandalize Abbie Hoffman or his friends.
Yippie theatrics culminated at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. YIP planned a six-day Festival of Life – a celebration of the counterculture and a protest against the state of the nation. This was supposed to counter the "Convention of Death." This promised to be "the blending of pot and politics into a political grass leaves movement – a cross-fertilization of the hippie and New Left philosophies." Yippies' sensational statements before the convention were part of the theatrics, including a tongue-in-cheek threat to put LSD in Chicago's water supply. "We will fuck on the beaches! ... We demand the Politics of Ecstasy! ... Abandon the Creeping Meatball! ... And all the time 'Yippie! Chicago – August 25–30.'" First on a list of Yippie demands: "An immediate end to the war in Vietnam."
Yippie organizers hoped that well-known musicians would participate in the Festival of Life and draw a crowd of tens if not hundreds of thousands from across the country. The city of Chicago refused to issue any permits for the festival and most musicians withdrew from the project. Of the rock bands who had agreed to perform, only the MC5 came to Chicago to play and their set was cut short by a clash between the audience of a couple thousand and police. Phil Ochs and several other singer-songwriters also performed during the festival.
In response to the Festival of Life and other anti-war demonstrations during the Democratic convention, Chicago police repeatedly clashed with protesters, as many millions of viewers watched the extensive TV coverage of the events. On the evening of August 28 the police attacked the protesters in front of the Conrad Hilton hotel as the demonstrators chant "The whole world is watching". This was a "police riot," concluded the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, saying "On the part of the police there was enough wild club swinging, enough cries of hatred, enough gratuitous beating to make the conclusion inescapable that individual policemen, and lots of them, committed violent acts far in excess of the requisite force for crowd dispersal or arrest."
The conspiracy trial
Following the convention, eight protesters were charged with conspiracy to incite the riots, and there was a heavily publicized, five-month trial. The Chicago Seven represented a cross-section of the New Left, including Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin.
In his book, American Fun: Four Centuries of Joyous Revolt, John Beckman writes:
Never mind Hair, the so-called Chicago Eight (then Seven) trial was the countercultural performance of the sixties. Guerrilla theater stared down courtroom farce to decide the civil dispute of the era: the Movement vs. the Establishment. The eight defendants seemed finically chosen to represent the world of dissent: SDS leaders Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden (who had authored "The Port Huron Statement"); graduate students Lee Weiner and John Froines; portly fifty-four-year-old Christian socialist David Dellinger; Yippies Rubin and Hoffman; and--briefly--Black Panther Bobby Seale. "Conspire, hell," Hoffman quipped. "We couldn't agree on lunch."
Several other Yippies – including Stew Albert, Wolfe Lowenthal, Brad Fox and Robin Palmer – were among another 18 activists named as "unindicted co-conspirators" in the case. While five of the defendants were initially convicted of crossing state lines to incite a riot, all convictions were soon reversed in appeal court. Defendants Hoffman and Rubin became popular authors and public speakers, spreading Yippie militancy and comedy wherever they appeared. When Hoffman appeared on The Merv Griffin Show, for example, he wore a shirt with an American flag design, prompting CBS to black out his image when the show aired.
The Yippie movement
The Youth International Party quickly spread beyond Rubin, Hoffman and the other founders. YIP had chapters all over the US and in other countries, with particularly active groups in New York City, Vancouver, Washington, D.C., Detroit, Milwaukee, Los Angeles, Tucson, Houston, Austin, Columbus, Dayton, Chicago, Berkeley, San Francisco and Madison. There were YIP conferences through the 1970s, beginning with a "New Nation Conference" in Madison, Wisconsin in 1971.
On the final day of the Madison conference, April 4, 1971, hundreds of riot police broke up a block party organized by local Yippies to cap the event, resulting in a street clash between Yippies and police. During an anti-war protest in Washington, D.C., on November 15, 1969, East Coast Yippies led thousands of youths in the storming of the Justice Department building. On August 6, 1970, L.A. Yippies invaded Disneyland, hoisting the New Nation flag at City Hall and taking over Tom Sawyer's Island. While riot police confronted the Yippies, the theme park was closed early for only the second time in the park's history (the first being shortly after the assassination of President Kennedy.). As many as 23 of the 200 Yippies attending were arrested. Vancouver Yippies invaded the U.S. border town of Blaine, Washington, on May 9, 1970, to protest Richard Nixon's invasion of Cambodia and the shooting of students at Kent State. Columbus Yippies were charged with inciting the rioting that occurred in the city on May 11, 1972, in response to Nixon's mining of North Vietnam's Haiphong harbor. They were acquitted.
YIP was a member of the coalition of anti-Vietnam War activists who, over several days in early May 1971, tried to shut down the U.S. government by occupying intersections and bridges in Washington, D.C. The May Day protests resulted in the largest mass arrest in American history.
A frequent 'national' complaint among Yippies was that the New York 'central HQ' chapter acted as if other chapters did not exist and kept them out of the decision-making process. At one point, at a YIP conference in Ohio in 1972, Yippies voted to 'exclude' Abbie and Jerry as official spokespersons from the party, since they had become too famous and rich.
In 1972, Yippies and Zippies (a younger YIP radical breakaway faction whose "guiding spirit" was Tom Forcade) staged protests at the Republican and Democratic Conventions in Miami Beach. Some of the Miami protests were larger and more militant than the ones in Chicago in 1968. After Miami, the Zippies evolved back into Yippies.
...five hundred die-hard Yippies staged one last march on the Mitchell home, no longer the Watergate but a grand apartment building on Manhattan's Fifth Avenue. "Free Martha Mitchell!" they chanted. "Fuck John!" When the Mitchells finally appeared at the window to see what all the commotion was about, the stoners cherished their last "eye-to-eyeball confrontation with Mr. Law 'n' Order." To commemorate the moment, they placed a giant marijuana joint on the Mitchells' doorstep.
Yippies regularly protested at US presidential inaugurations, with a particularly strong presence at the 1973 inauguration of Richard Nixon. Yippies also demonstrated at the 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, as well as the subsequent 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, where 99 Yippies were arrested:
DALLAS, Aug 22 — Ninety-nine demonstrators were arrested today outside the Republican National Convention after a Corporate War Chest Tour through the downtown area in which they intimidated shoppers, splattered paint and burned an American flag. The demonstrators, members of the Youth International Party, or Yippies, completed the spree through downtown by jumping into the reflecting pool at City Hall in the sweltering Dallas heat.
Yippies organized marijuana "smoke-ins" across North America through the 1970s and into the 1980s. The first YIP smoke-in was attended by 25,000 in Washington, D.C. on July 4, 1970. There was a culture clash when many of the hippie protesters strolled en masse into the nearby "Honor America Day" festivities with Billy Graham and Bob Hope.
Yippies organized alternative institutions in their counterculture communities. In Tucson, Yippies operated a free store; in Vancouver, Yippies established the People's Defense Fund to provide legal help for the often-harassed hippie community; in Milwaukee, Yippies helped launch the city's first food co-op.
Many Yippies were involved in the underground press. Some were the editors of major underground newspapers or alternative magazines, including Yippies Abe Peck (Chicago Seed), Jeff Shero Nightbyrd (New York's Rat and Austin Sun), Paul Krassner (The Realist), Robin Morgan (Ms. magazine), Steve Conliff (Purple Berries, Sour Grapes and Columbus Free Press), Bob Mercer (The Georgia Straight and Yellow Journal), Henry Weissborn (ULTRA), James Retherford (The Rag), Mayer Vishner (LA Weekly), Matthew Landy Steen and Stew Albert (Berkeley Barb and Berkeley Tribe), Tom Forcade (Underground Press Syndicate and High Times) and Gabrielle Schang (Alternative Media). New York Yippie Coca Crystal hosted the popular cable TV program If I Can't Dance You Can Keep Your Revolution.
Yippies were active in alternative music and movies. Singer-songwriters Phil Ochs and David Peel were Yippies. "I helped design the party, formulate the idea of what Yippie was going to be, in the early part of 1968," Ochs testified at the Chicago Eight trial.
The strange, legendary cult film Medicine Ball Caravan (partly financed by Tom Forcade), chronicled Yippie drop-outs and a variety of other fascinating and dynamic characters of the era. The movie title was later controversially changed to "We Have Come for your Daughters".
YIP-affiliated John Sinclair managed Detroit's proto-punk band the MC5. The first-ever concert by the influential and iconic proto-punk band the New York Dolls, was a Yippie benefit to raise funds to pay legal fees for one of Dana Beal's marijuana arrests in the 1970s. Pete Seeger played a Vancouver Yippie rally in 1970 against construction of a highway through Jericho Beach Park.
The Youth International Party founded the U.S. branch of the Rock Against Racism movement in 1979. Rock Against Racism USA later morphed into the critically acclaimed, Yippie-organized, widely recognized national Rock Against Reagan tour in 1983. Well-known bands on the tour included Michelle Shocked, the Dead Kennedys, the Crucifucks, MDC, Cause for Alarm, Toxic Reasons and Static Disruptors. A young Whoopi Goldberg performed stand-up comedy (as did Will Durst) at the San Francisco R-A-R show.
Vancouver Yippies Ken Lester and David Spaner were the managers of Canada's two most notorious political punk bands, D.O.A. (Lester) and The Subhumans (Spaner). New York Yippie/High Times publisher Tom Forcade financed one of the first movies about punk rock, D.O.A., featuring footage of the Sex Pistols' 1978 tour of America.
Infamous Baltimore Yippie John Waters became a renowned independent filmmaker (Pink Flamingos, Polyester, Hairspray), once claiming in an interview that the Yippies influenced his irreverent sense of style: "I was a Yippie agitator, and I wanted to look like Little Richard. I dressed like a hippie pimp back then, because punk wasn’t around yet.
Pranking the system
Yippies mocked the system and its authority. The Youth International Party, having nominated a pig (Pigasus) for U.S. president in 1968, famously ran Nobody for President as its 'official' candidate in 1976.
Vancouver Yippie Betty "Zaria" Andrew ran as the Youth International Party's candidate for mayor in 1970. One of her campaign promises was to repeal every law, including the law of gravity so that everyone could get high. That same year, Berkeley Yippie Stew Albert ran for sheriff of Alameda County, challenging the incumbent sheriff to a high-noon duel and receiving 65,000 votes.
In 1970, Detroit Yippies went to city hall and applied for a permit to blow up the General Motors building. After the permit was denied, the Yippies said that it just goes to show you can't work within the system to change the system. "This destroys my last hope for legal channels," said Detroit Yippie Jumpin' Jack Flash.
Some Yippies, including Robin Morgan, Nancy Kurshan, Sharon Krebs and Judy Gumbo, were active in the Guerilla theatre feminist group W.I.T.C.H. (Women's International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell), which combined "theatricality, humor, and activism."
On November 7, 1970, Jerry Rubin and London Yippies took over The Frost Programme when he was the guest on the popular British TV program. In all the chaos, a Yippie fired a water pistol into host David Frost's open mouth, the broadcaster called for a commercial break and the show was over. The Daily Mirror's banner headline: "THE FROST FREAKOUT."
Pie-throwing as a political act was invented by Yippies. The first political pieing was carried out by Tom Forcade, when he pied a member of the President's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography in 1970. Milwaukee Yippie Pat Small was the first person to be arrested for a pieing, following a hit on a Miami alderman prior to the convention protests in 1972. Columbus Yippie Steve Conliff pied Ohio Governor James Rhodes in 1977 to protest the Kent State shootings.
Aron "The Pieman" Kay became the best-known Yippie pie-thrower. Kay's many targets included Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, New York City Mayor Abe Beame, conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly,Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis, ex-CIA head William Colby, National Review publisher/editor William F. Buckley, and notorious Studio 54 disco-owner and tax-evader, Steve Rubell. Kay's flamboyant 1979 attempt to pie Elvis Costello (for racist comments made to Bonnie Bramlett and Stephen Stills in a Columbus, Ohio Holiday Inn bar, earlier that year) was thwarted by security at the Manhattan punk nightclub Great Gildersleeves.
Nobody for President and "None of the Above"
Perhaps one of the swan songs of Yippies was a groundbreaking effort to place a new voting option, None of the Above, on the election ballot in Santa Barbara County, in California, by the Isla Vista Municipal Advisory Council in 1976. This represented an incipient libertarian impulse of Yippies and the first example in the United States of this election ballot alternative, in what one of the resolution's two co-sponsors, Matthew Steen, described as an "anti-institutional Yippie up-yours." Years earlier Steen had been a Yippie activist with Stew Albert, as a reporter with the Berkeley Tribe. This novel motion was adopted unanimously by the Council, having a ripple effect across the country, with voters in Nevada approving this option in a change to state election laws in 1986. And in 2000 a citizen initiative to place None of the Above on the official state ballot in California was qualified although the proposition was voted down 62% to 38% in the general election that year. The most recent addition, internationally, are for state elections in India where this option must be made available in electronic voting machines.
In 1976, national Yippies took a cue from Isla Vistans, backing Nobody for President, a campaign that took on a life of its own in the post-Watergate malaise of the mid-70s. The Yippie campaign slogan: "Nobody's perfect." (Meanwhile, in a strange twist of Yippie fate, Matthew Steen had become treasurer of a student-led campaign to elect Jerry Brown for President, competing against both "Nobody for President" and Jimmy Carter during the presidential primary campaign of that year.)
From the experimental combination of Isla Vista local politics, presidential campaigns and the Yippies, the name and spirit of this unexpected ballot initiative spread quickly—in the form of None of the Above music festivals, radio and television shows, rock bands, T-shirts, buttons, (decades later) countless websites and other related social phenomena. The die-hard dedication to the 'option' of Nobody for President and None of the Above has not abated since the counter-cultural 70s, but has only grown, unexpectedly taking the Yippie legacy into a new century and succeeding generations.
"An exegesis on women's liberation" by the Women's Caucus within the Youth International Party was included in the 1970 anthology Sisterhood is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings From The Women's Liberation Movement, edited by Robin Morgan.
In June 1971 Abbie Hoffman and Al Bell started the pioneer phreak magazine The Youth International Party Line (YIPL). Later, the name was changed to TAP for Technological American Party or Technological Assistance Program.
Milwaukee Yippies published Street Sheet, the first of the anarchist zines later to become so popular in many cities. The Open Road, an internationally known journal of the anti-authoritarian left, was founded by a core of Vancouver Yippies.
The most famous writing to come out of the Yippie movement is Abbie Hoffman’s Steal This Book, which is considered to be a guidebook in causing general mischief and capturing the spirit of the Yippie movement. Hoffman is also the author of Revolution for the Hell of It which has been called the original Yippie book. This book claims that there were no actual yippies, and that the name was just a term used to create a myth.
Jerry Rubin published his account of the Yippie movement in his book Do IT!: Scenarios of Revolution.
Books on Yippie by Yippies include Woodstock Nation and Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture (Abbie Hoffman), We Are Everywhere (Jerry Rubin), Trashing (Anita Hoffman), Who the Hell is Stew Albert? (Stew Albert), Confessions of a Raving, Unconfined Nut (Paul Krassner) and Shards of God (Ed Sanders). Some other books about that era: Woodstock Census: The Nationwide Survey of the Sixties Generation (Deanne Stillman and Rex Weiner), The Panama Hat Trail (Tom Miller),Can't Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 (Martin Torgoff), Groove Tube: Sixties Television and the Youth Rebellion (Aniko Bodroghkozy), and The Ballad of Ken and Emily: or, Tales from the Counterculture (Ken Wachsberger).
Buy This Book, written and illustrated by political cartoonist and post-'60s Yippie activist Pete Wagner (ME Publications, 1980) who distributed copies of the Yipster Times on the University of Minnesota campus in the mid-1970s, was promoted by Hoffman, who said the book "manages to reach to the limits of bad taste." Buy This Too (Wagner, Minne HA! HA!/Brain Trust, 1987) recounted efforts by the guerrilla street theater gang, the 1985 Brain Trust, a group inspired by a series of meetings and interviews between Wagner and Krassner in May 1981, when Krassner was in Minneapolis to perform standup comedy at Dudley Riggs ETC Theater, to fight the New Right with Yippie-like myth-making tactics in the Midwest during the early 1980s.
In 1983, a group of Yippies published Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago, '68 to 1984 (Bleecker Publishing), a large, 'phone-book sized anthology' (733 pages) of Yippie history, including journalistic accounts from both alternative and mainstream media, as well as many personal stories and essays. Includes countless photographs, old leaflets and posters, 'underground' comics, newspaper clippings, and various other historical ephemera. The editors (often doubling as authors) officially called themselves "The New Yippie Book Collective"; which included Steve Conliff (who wrote over half the volume), Dana Beal (head archivist), Grace Nichols, Daisy Deadhead, Ben Masel, Alice Torbush, Karen Wachsman, and Aron Kay. It is still in print.
In 2000, a Hollywood film based on the life of Yippie co-founder Abbie Hoffman, titled Steal This Movie (spoofing the title of his book, Steal This Book), was released to mixed reviews, with Vincent D'Onofrio in the title role. Noted film critic Roger Ebert gave the movie a positive review, remarking that although it is often difficult to credibly bring historic events to life, he believed the movie succeeded:
Abbie Hoffman is seen wearing an American flag shirt and getting in trouble for desecrating it; the movie cuts to footage of Roy Rogers and Dale Evans yodeling while wearing their flag shirts. Hoffman insisted that the flag represented all Americans, including those opposed to the war; he resisted efforts of the Right to annex it as their exclusive ideological banner.
Vincent D'Onofrio has an interesting task, playing the role, since Hoffman seems on autopilot much of the time. He is charismatic and has an instinctive grasp of the dramatic gesture, but can be infuriating on a one-to-one level..."
The Yippies continued as a small movement into the early 2000s. The New York chapter was known for their annual marches for decades in New York City to legalize marijuana; NYC Yippie Dana Beal started the Global Marijuana March in 1999. Beal also continued to crusade for the use of Ibogaine to treat heroin addicts. Another Yippie, A.J. Weberman, continued the deconstruction of the poetry of Bob Dylan and speculation about tramps on the Grassy Knoll through various websites. Weberman has for a long time been active in the Jewish Defense Organization.
In 2008, there was a very public feud between A.J. Weberman and fellow founding-Yippie, popular New York radio host Bob Fass of WBAI. The incidents around this feud briefly brought increased local attention to Yippies, particularly since this occurred around the same time a new PBS movie about the Chicago riots was getting widespread national attention. The film featured Hank Azaria as Abbie Hoffman and Mark Ruffalo as Jerry Rubin, touching off a new generation's interest, since both are now deceased and have passed into legend.
In 1989, Abbie Hoffman, who had been suffering intermittent bouts of depression, committed suicide with alcohol and about 150 phenobarbital pills. By contrast, Jerry Rubin became a fast-talking (and by all accounts, fairly successful) stockbroker and showed no regrets. In 1994 he was fatally injured by a car while jaywalking. By the age of 50, Rubin had broken with many of his previous countercultural views; he was interviewed by The New York Times, which described him as a "yippie-turned-conspicuous-yuppie." In the interview, he stated that "Until me, nobody had really taken off their clothes and screamed out loud, 'It's O.K. to make money!'"
Yippie museum and cafe
In 2004, the Yippies, along with the National AIDS Brigade, purchased the long-time Yippie "headquarters" (which had initially been acquired by squatting) at 9 Bleecker Street in New York City  for $1.2 million. After official purchase, it was converted into the "Yippie Museum/Café and Gift Shop", housing a multitude of counter-cultural and leftist memorabilia from all over the world, as well as providing an independently operated café that featured live music on scheduled nights. Performers at the café included both nationally known figures and local bands, including Roseanne Barr, Ed Rosenthal, The Fiction Circus, and Joel Landy. The museum was chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York.
According to the original curator's message, the museum was founded "to preserve the history of the Youth International Party and all of its offshoots." The Board of Directors: Dana Beal, Aron Kay, David Peel, William Propp, Paul DeRienzo, and A. J. Weberman.
In Summer 2013, The Yippie Cafe officially closed. At the beginning of 2014, the Yippie building (Museum) at #9 Bleecker was sold, closed and permanently cleaned out; most of the memorabilia and historic materials dispersed among the remaining New York Yippies.
As of 2017, the old Yippie building at #9 Bleecker had been totally transformed into a successful Bowery-area Boxing club called "Overthrow", deliberately and artfully retaining much of its original Yippie/60s-revolutionary decor. Tourists still drop by to see it.
- 1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity
- 1971 May Day protests
- Cannabis political parties of the United States
- Freak scene
- Gastown riots
- Human Be-In
- List of anti-war organizations
- List of peace activists
- Medium Cool - Haskell Wexler's groundbreaking, fictional cinéma vérité account of Chicago during the '68 convention, using actual riot footage as backdrop for the actors and (improvised) events.
- Nobody for President
- None of the Above
- Protests of 1968
- Summer of Love
- Yuppie, a term coined in 1980 and popularized by a 1983 newspaper column about Jerry Rubin written by Bob Greene, "From Yippie to Yuppie"
- Paul Krassner, Confessions of a raving, unconfined nut: misadventures in the counter-culture, Page 156, Simon & Schuster, 1993
- Neil A. Hamilton, The ABC-CLIO companion to the 1960s counterculture in America, Page 339, ABC-CLIO, 1997
- David Holloway (2002). "Yippies". St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
- Abbie Hoffman, Soon to be a Major Motion Picture, page 128. Perigee Books, 1980.
- Gitlin, Todd (1993). The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage. New York. p. 286.
- ABC News. "1969: Height of the Hippies". ABC News. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- Rubin, Jerry, DO IT! Scenarios of the Revolution, page 81, Simon and Schuster, 1970.
- Martin, Douglas. "Stew Albert, 66, Who Used Laughter to Protest a War, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2006-02-01.
- Gumbo, Judy. "Yippie Girl: The Joy of Protest". YippieGirl.com.
- Dalzell, Tom. "Judy Gumbo – Yippie Girl – Still". Quirky Berkeley. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Ed Sanders (2011). "Fug You: An Informal History of the Peace Eye Bookstore, the Fuck You Press, the Fugs and Counterculture in the Lower East Side". Da Capo Press.
- Patricia Bradley (2004). "Mass Media and the Shaping of American Feminism, 1963-1975". University Press of Mississippi.
- "Jerome Washington Collection 1979-1988" (PDF). John Jay College of Criminal Justice. John Jay College of Criminal Justice Special Collections of the Lloyd Sealy Library. 1988.
- Oliver, David (June 1977). "INTERVIEW : Dana Beal". High Times.
- Viola, Saira. "Dana Beal Interview". International Times. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Hawthorn, Tom. "Yippie for Mayor". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "ZARIA FOR MAYOR (poster)". Past Tense Vancouver. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- Amy Starecheski (2016). "Ours to Lose: When Squatters Became Homeowners in New York City". University of Chicago Press.
- Deadhead, Daisy. "Ben Masel 1954 - 2011". Dead Air. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- TIMOTHY M. PHELPS (20 March 1981). "YIPPIE IS SEIZED AFTER A DISPUTE NEAR BOMB SITE". New York Times.
- Al Aronowitz. "Tom Forcade, Social Architect". The Blacklisted Journalist. Retrieved 2002-02-01.
- Larry Gambone, No Regrets, p. 97, Black Cat Press, 2015.
- Needs, Kris. "The tale of David Peel, the dope-smoking hippy who became the King of Punk". TeamRock.com. Retrieved 2016-03-22.
- Viola, Saira. "Yippie! Yippie! Pie Aye! Interview with Aron Kay, champion pie thrower, grassroots activist, unrepentant hippie yippie, professional agitator, Jewish world warrior". Gonzo Today. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- Traynor, P. (4 November 1977). "Come Pie With Me : the Creaming of America" (PDF). Open Road.
- YIPster Times, "Abbie Hoffman: Back to Chicago," June 1978
- Karla Jay, Tales of the Lavender Menace: A Memoir of Liberation, p. 231, Basic Books, 2000.
- YIPster Times, "Midwest Activism featuring May Midwest" p. 2, December 1977
- Deadhead, Daisy. "I wish someone would phone". Dead Air. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- Rapport, Marc (29 March 1978). "Student on Ballot with Pie Thrower: she's candidate for lieutenant governor". Daily Kent Stater.
- "Urbanowicz Removed from State Office Race". Daily Kent Stater. 5 April 1978.
- David Lewis Stein, Living the Revolution: The Yippies in Chicago, p. 11, Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1969.
- Walker, Jesse (2001). "Rebels on the Air: An Alternative History of Radio in America". New York University Press.
- Reinholz, Mary. "Yippie and Peace Activist Mayer Vishner Is Dead, Apparently a Suicide". Bedford + Bowery. NYmag. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Donadoni, Serena. "FILM: Storied Village Activist Mayer Vishner Faces the End in Bracing Doc 'Left on Purpose'". VillageVoice.com. Village Voice. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- VIDEO : John Murdock "Occupational Hazards: 99 Reasons to be Pissed Off" @ Yippie Cafe 12.14.11
- Montgomery, Paul L. (18 March 1981). "BOMB BURNS TWO DETECTIVES OUTSIDE BUILDING OF YIPPIES". New York Times.
- Moynihan, Colin. "Emptying a Building Long Home to Activists". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
- Krassner, Paul. "Hippies, Yippies, Radicals and Pranksters". Counterpunch. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- DeAngelo, Steve (2015). "The Cannabis Manifesto: A New Paradigm for Wellness". North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA.
- Pascual, Oscar. "Marijuana Legalization: Seeds Planted Long Ago Finally Flower". SFGate. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Thomas, Pat. "Activist, individualist and entrepreneur Jerry Rubin was the quintessential American". City Arts Magazine. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Elliott, Steve. "Remembering Ben Masel: Activist Changed The Cannabis Debate". Toke of the Town. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- "FILM : John Penley is an Anarcho-Yippie - A Film by Vagabond (46 min)". AUDIO VISUAL TERRORISM. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Guide to the John Penley Photographs and Papers/Elmer Holmes Bobst Library". New York University. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives (NYU). Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Lennard, Natasha. "An Occupier Eyes Congress". Salon. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Interview With Brenton Lengel". The Fifth Column. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
- Reston Jr, James (1 February 1997). "Collision at Home Plate: The Lives of Pete Rose and Bart Giamatti". University of Nebraska Press.
- Abbie Hoffman, Steal This Book, page 73. Grove Press, 1971.
- "The Chicago Eight Trial: Selected Contempt Specifications". Famous Trials.
- "'60s live again, minus the LSD". By Paul Krassner. January 28, 2007. Los Angeles Times.
- David T. Dellinger, Judy Clavir and John Spitzer, The Conspiracy Trial, page 349. Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.
- Jonah Raskin, For the Hell of It, page 129. University of California Press, 1996.
- Abbie Hoffman, Revolution For the Hell of It, page 81. Dial Press, 1968.
- "The Chicago Eight Trial : Testimony of Judy Collins". Famous Trials.
- Paul Krassner, Confessions of a Raving Unconfined Nut, p. 158.
- "NOW with Bill Moyers (transcript dated 11-26-04)". PBS. Retrieved 2004-11-26.
- Julie Stephens (1998). "Anti-Disciplinary Protest: Sixties Radicalism and Postmodernism". Cambridge University Press.
- "A People's Hxstory of the Sixties". The Digger Archives.
- Rosie McGee, "Total Environmental Theatre" in Grateful Dead Family Album, p. 38-40, Time-Warner Books 1990, ed. Jerilyn Lee Brandelius
- Jerilyn Lee Brandelius, "Every Structure Became a Dwelling" in Grateful Dead Family Album, p. 68-69, Time-Warner Books 1990, ed. Jerilyn Lee Brandelius
- Jesse Jarnow (2016). "Heads: A Biography of Psychedelic America". Da Capo Press.
- Mike Marqusee (2003). "Wicked Messenger: Bob Dylan and the 1960s". Seven Stories Press.
- Michael I. Niman (1997). "People of the Rainbow: A Nomadic Utopia". University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
- William Irwin Thompson, "Going Beyond it at Big Sur" in At the Edge of History: Speculations on the Transformation of Culture, p. 27-66, Harper & Row, 1971
- Klemesrud, Judy (11 November 1978). "Jerry Rubin's Change of Cause: From Antiwar to 'Me'". New York Times.
- Tom Wolfe, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Farrar Straus Giroux, 1968
- Robert Stone, Prime Green: Remembering the Sixties, HarperCollins Publishers, 2007
- The New Yippie Book Collective (eds.), Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, page 514. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- Abbie Hoffman, Woodstock Nation, back cover. Vintage Books, 1969.
- John Anthony Moretta, The Hippies: A 1960s History, p. 260. McFarland & Company, Jefferson, NC. 2017. ISBN 978-0786499496
- Flags of the World – Youth International Party listing Archived February 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Chicago History Museum - Blog » Blog Archive » Yippies in Lincoln Park, 1968". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- Walker, Jesse. "The Yippie Show". REASON. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
- "CHICAGO 10: The Film: The Players: The Yippies". PBS. 22 October 2008.
- Shana Alexander (25 October 1968). "The Loony Humor of the Yippies". LIFE magazine.
- Benjamin Shepard (2012). "Play, Creativity, and Social Movements: If I Can't Dance, It's Not My Revolution". Routledge.
- the who - woodstock incident with abbie hoffman and pete. June 13, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2016 – via YouTube.
- Abbie Hoffman, Soon to be a Major Motion Picture, p. 86. Perigee Books, 1980.
- Jerry Rubin, Do It!, page 86. Simon and Schuster, 1970.
- Joseph Boskin, Rebellious Laughter: People's humor in America, page 98. Syracuse University Press, 1997.
- "Protest: The Banners of Dissent". TIME. Oct 27, 1967. p. 9. Retrieved December 26, 2009.
- Bloch, Nadine. "The Day they Levitated the Pentagon". Waging NonViolence. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- Jonah Raskin, For the hell of it: The life and times of Abbie Hoffman, Page 117, University of California Press, 1996
- Soon To Be A Major Motion Picture: The Autobiography of Abbie Hoffman, First Edition, Perigree Books, 1980, p. 101.
- Ledbetter, James. "The day the NYSE went Yippie". CNN Money. Retrieved 23 August 2007.
- Susanne E. Shawyer (May 2008). "Radical Street Theatre and the Yippie Legacy: a Performance History of the Youth International Party, 1967-1968". University of Texas, Austin.
- Gitlin, Todd (1993). The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage. New York. p. 238.
- Hentoff, Nat. "Nat Hentoff on the Police Riot Against Yippies at Grand Central (4 April 1968)". The Village Voice. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- Neil Hamilton, The ABC-CLIO companion to the 1960s counterculture in America, Page 340, ABC-CLIO, 1997.
- David Armstrong, A Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America, p. 120-121, South End Press, Boston. 1981
- Youth International Party, 1992.
- Jerry Rubin, A Yippie Manifesto.
- GEOGHEGAN, THOMAS (24 February 1969). "By Any Other Name. Brass Tacks". The Harvard Crimson.
- Patricia Kelly, ed. (2008). "1968: Art and Politics in Chicago". DePaul University Art Museum.
- Kayla Schultz (2008). "Democracy in America, Yippie! Guerilla Theater and the Reinvigoration of the American Democratic Process During the Cold War". Syracuse University.
- Norman Mailer, Miami and the Siege of Chicago, page 137. Signet Books, 1968.
- Stephen Zunes, Jesse Laird (January 2010). "The US Anti-Vietnam War Movement (1964-1973)". International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC).
- David Farber, Chicago '68, page 177-8, University of Chicago Press, 1988.
- Miller, James (1987). Democracy is in the Streets: From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 304.
- The Walker Report, Rights in Conflict: The violent confrontation between demonstrators and police in the parks and streets of Chicago during the week of the Democratic National Convention, p. 5, Bantam Books, 1968.
- Goldstein, Sarah. "The Mess We Made: An Oral History of the '68 Convention". GQ.com. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- John Beckman (2014). "American Fun: Four Centuries of Joyous Revolt". Pantheon Books, New York. ISBN 978-0-307-90818-6.
- David T. Dellinger, Judy Clavir and John Spitzer, The Conspiracy Trial, page 601. Bobbs-Merrill, 1970.
- Abbie Hoffman, Soon to be a Major Motion Picture, page 170. Perigee Books, 1980.
- Ken Wachsberger, The Ballad of Ken and Emily, or, Tales from the Counterculture, Page 54, Azenphony Press, 1997
- The New Yippie Book Collective, Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, Page 16. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- "Yippies Pelt Police with Eggs, Rocks." April 5, 1971, The Rock Hill Herald.
- Kifner, John. "Tear Gas Repels Radicals' Attack.” New York Times, 16 November 1969
- The New Yippie Book Collective, ed. (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. p. 459.
- Thomas, Bryan. "August 6, 1970, the Day the Yippies invaded Disneyland". NightFlight. Retrieved 2015-08-06.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, ed. (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. p. 457.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, ed. (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. p. 403.
- Lester Friedman, American cinema of the 1970s: themes and variations, Page 49, NJ Rutgers University Press, 2007
- Chomsky, Noam (17 June 1971). "Mayday: The Case for Civil Disobedience". The New York Review of Books.
- "Yippies Exclude Hoffman And Rubin as Spokesmen". New York Times. 28 November 1972.
- Reinholz, Mary. "Yippies vs. Zippies: New Rubin book reveals '70s counterculture feud". The Villager. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- The New Yippie Book Collective (eds.), Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, page 354. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- Marijuana Smoke-in Held Outside Convention Hall. July 10, 1972. Sarasota Herald-Tribune.
- Abbie Hoffman, Soon to be a Major Motion Picture, page 278. Perigee Books, 1980.
- James Rosen (2008). "The Strong Man: John Mitchell and the Secrets of Watergate". Doubleday.
- CrimethInc, Ex-Workers Collective. "Whoever They Vote For, We Are Ungovernable: A History of Anarchist Counter-Inaugural Protest". CrimethInc. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- Cooperman, Alan (21 January 1981). "Amid Washington's Pomp, a 'Counter-Inaugural'". The Harvard Crimson.
- "POSTER: Counter-Inaugural Ball & Protests". AbeBooks.com. Youth International Party. 1981.
- Berry, Millard (July 1980). "PHOTO: Yippies for Reagan (Republican National Convention 1980)". Labadie Collection, University of Michigan. Fifth Estate.
- "Yippies protest President Reagan in Dallas 1984". Yippie archives. August 1984.
- "POSTER: Don't Let Reagan Take You for a Ride!". AbeBooks.com. Youth International Party. 1984.
- "99 ARRESTED IN DALLAS PROTEST". The New York Times. 23 August 1984.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, ed. (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. p. 4.
- A. Yippie. "A Brief History of the NYC Cannabis Parade". CannabisParade.org.
- Odam, Jes, "Police charge yippie plot," Vancouver Sun, 1 October 1971
- Weigant, Chris. "Friday Talking Points — D.C. Smoke-In History". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-02-27.
- Mark Andersen, Mark Jenkins (2009). "Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital". Akashic Books.
- Martin Weil, Keith B. Richberg (5 July 1978). "Demonstration By Yippies Is Mostly Quiet". Washington Post.
- Harris, Art (4 July 1979). "Yippies Turn On". Washington Post.
- "POSTER : WHITE HOUSE SMOKE-IN - Make the point, bring a joint". AbeBooks.com. Youth International Party. 1984.
- Miller, Tom (27 April 1995). "I Remember Jerry". Tucson Weekly.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, ed. (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. p. 656.
- Jonah Raskin, For the Hell of It, page 132. University of California Press, 1996.
- Thorne Webb Dreyer. "What Ever Happened To The New Generation?". TheRagBlog. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
- Jeff Kisseloff, Generation on Fire: Voices of Protest From The 1960s: An oral history, Page 64 University Press of Kentucky, 2006
- Lorraine Code, Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories, Page 350, Routledge Press, 2000
- YIPster Times, "It's only Sour Grapes!" Summer Convention Issue, June 1976 Illustration: cover of SOUR GRAPES, OHIO YIP 1974
- "Karl and Groucho's Marxist Dance" by Steve Abbott, Voices from Underground: Insider Histories of the Vietnam Era Underground Press ed. Ken Wachsberger (Incredible Librarian Books, 1993)
- "Georgia Straight Staff 1967-1972". Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
- "HOUSTON UNDERGROUND: SPACE CITY!, DIRECT ACTION, AND ULTRA ZINE (1978)". Wild Dog Zine. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- Ventura, Michael. "Letters at 3AM: He Took the Cat to Texas; this is the final story in the many-storied life of Mayer Vishner". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- Amateau, Albert. "Mayer Vishner, 64, Yippie, antiwar activist, editor". The Villager. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- ^ a b c library of congress.gov/chronicling america/berkeley tribe ^ a b c University of Michigan.gov/archives/underground newspapers/microfilm collection
- Joseph, Pat. "Sex, Drugs, Revolution: 50 Years On, Barbarians Gather to Recall The Berkeley Barb". California Magazine. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Jonah Raskin, For the Hell of It, University of California Press, Page 228, 1996.
- "Coca Crystal's Dance Revolution". Unconscious and Irrational. 21 March 2009.
- "The Chicago Eight Trial : Testimony of Philip David Ochs". Famous Trials.
- Ouellette, Rick. "The Strange, Forgotten Saga of the Medicine Ball Caravan". REEL AND ROCK. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- Mastropolo, Frank. "Revisiting 'Medicine Ball Caravan,' the 'Woodstock on Wheels'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
- We Have Come For Your Daughters on IMDb
- Julie Burchill, Tony Parsons, "The Boy Looked at Johnny": The Obituary of Rock and Roll, p.19-20, Pluto Press, London. 1978
- O'Hagan, Sean. "John Sinclair: 'We wanted to kick ass – and raise consciousness'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- Tracey, Patrick (31 March 2000). "Yippie Yi Yay". Washington City Paper.
- Arthur Kane (2009). "I, Doll: Life and Death with the New York Dolls". Chicago Review Press, Chicago, IL. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-55652-941-2.
- Sarti, Bob, “The day I met Pete Seeger,” ‘’The Oystercatcher’’, May Day 2014.
- Alice Torbush, Daisy Deadhead, Rock Against Racism USA - Tour Dates & Concert Calender, Overthrow/Yipster Times, p. 12-14, April 1979 Illustration : Overthrow cover: ROCK AGAINST RACISM issue, April 1979
- "GRASS ROOTS ACTIVISM, ROCK AGAINST RACISM (1979)". Wild Dog Zine. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "ANARCHO-PUNKS ORGANIZE FIRST ROCK AGAINST RACISM CONCERT AT UH (1979)". Wild Dog Zine. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- Baby Lindy. "Screaming Urge : Impulse Control". Hyped to Death CD archives. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- Webster, Brian. "Rock Against Racism USA". BrianWebster.com. Brian Webster and Associates. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Rock Against Racism w/NAUSEA, FALSE PROPHETS @ Central Park Bandshell 05.01.88". Signs Of Life NYC. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Ben Nadler (29 November 2014). "Punk in NYC's Lower East Side 1981-1991: Scene History Series, Volume 1". Microcosm Publishing.
- L.A. Kauffman (2017). "Direct Action: Protest and the Reinvention of American Radicalism". Verso Books, New York.
- "POSTER: ROCK AGAINST REAGAN - Clark Park, Detroit". AbeBooks.com. Youth International Party. 1983.
- Shocked, Michelle (August 1989). "ANTIHERO : The newest insider at PolyGram, folk singer Michelle Shocked, on working for change through music, on the inside and outside". SPIN archives. Spin.
- Liles, Jeff. "Echoes and Reverberations: Dead Kennedys "Rock Against Politics"". Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- Dave Dictor (22 May 2016). "MDC: Memoir from a Damaged Civilization: Stories of Punk, Fear, and Redemption". Manic D Press.
- "Rock Against Reagan 1983, Washington DC". songkick. 3 July 1983.
- Johnathan Kyle Williams (2016). ""Rock against Reagan" : The punk movement, cultural hegemony and Reaganism in the eighties". Scholarworks; University of Northern Iowa.
- "Rock against Reagan with Dead Kennedys, San Francisco, 1983". Utah State University Library digital collections. 23 October 1983.
- Beadle, Scott. "Punks and Politicos". Bloodied But Unbowed. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Joe Keithley (2003). "I, Shithead: A Life in Punk". Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver.
- *POSTER : DOA Rock Against Racism fundraiser, 1979 from thepunkmovie.com
- Adrian Boot, Chris Salewicz, Punk: The Illustrated History of a Music Revolution, Page 104, Penguin Studio, 1996.
- D.O.A. on IMDb
- Larocca, Amy. "The Look Book: John Waters, Filmmaker". New York Magazine. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
- Conliff, Steve (Spring 1977). "Everybody needs nobody sometimes" (PDF). Open Road.
- *PHOTO: Nobody For President, Curtis Spangler and Wavy Gravy, October 12, 1976 (photo credit: James Stark) HeadCount.org
- Wavy Gravy (Winter 1988). "20th Anniversary Rendezvous - Wavy Gravy". WholeEarth.com. Whole Earth Review.
- Stew Albert, Who the Hell is Stew Albert?, Page 131. Red Hen Press, 2003.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, Page 414. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- Robin Morgan, Sisterhood is Powerful, page 538. Vintage Books, 1970.
- Alice Echols (1989). "Daring to be Bad: Radical Feminism in America 1967-1975". University of Minnesota Press.
- Jerry Rubin, We Are Everywhere, Page 248, Harper and Row, 1971
- Laurence Leamer, The Paper Revolutionaries, page 72. Simon and Schuster, 1972.
- Vinciguerra, Thomas (10 December 2000). "Take Sugar, Eggs, Beliefs . . . And Aim". New York Times.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, Page 292. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- Ghose, Dave. "An Oral History: The pieing of Gov. Jim Rhodes at the Ohio State Fair". Columbus Monthly. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Shushnick, Irving (December 1977). "Pie Times for Pols". High Times.
- Biotic Baking Brigade (2004). "Pie Any Means Necessary: The Biotic Baking Brigade Cookbook". AK Press, Oakland, CA. p. 15.
- "Pie Assassin Aron Kay - Two nightclub events honoring Yippie pie man, 1990". GALLERY 98. 1990.
- *PHOTO : Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan hit with pie by Aron Kay, 1976 Photo from Associated Press
- Michael Kernan, William Gildea (1 September 1977). "Two-Pie Tuesday". Washington Post.
- "PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY ERA OPPOSITION - ARON KAY HOLDING PIE (photo)". AP Images. Associated Press. 16 April 1977.
- "PIE THROWER". AP Images. Associated Press. 3 November 1977.
- The New Yippie Book Collective (eds.), Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, page 288. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- "22 photos that show the grit and the glamour of Studio 54, New York City's most infamous club". Nostos-Music.blogspot. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Spy Smasher (Steve Conliff) (May 1979). "The 'Big El' Controversy : What's So Funny Bout Niggers, Limeys and Misunderstanding?". ElvisCostello.info.wiki. OVERTHROW.
- "'None Of The Above' Ballot Option In Nevada Upheld By Federal Appeals Court". November 25, 2015. Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- ""Negative Voting in the Indian Election System- A Study" by Prethin V. Pothen". University of Madras. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
- ""A Paradox of Right to Recall and Reject - A boon or bane" by Sanjeev Chaswal". Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies, New Delhi.
- The New Yippie Book Collective, Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984, Page 321. Bleecker Publishing, 1983.
- "Nobody For President". hoaxes.org. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
- Nobody for President 2020
- "Sisterhood is powerful : an anthology of writings from the women's liberation movement (Book, 1970)". [WorldCat.org]. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- Christina Xu. "The Secrets of the Little Pamphlet: Hippies, Hackers, and the Youth International Party Line". Free Range Virtual Library. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "Yippies Locked in Struggle to Survive". Reading Eagle. November 7, 1973. Illustration : Yipster Times cover, June 1975
- Schneider, Daniel B. (21 May 2000). "F.Y.I." NYTimes.com. The New York Times.
- *OVERTHROW cover : Fall 1985 *** OVERTHROW cover : Spring 1986 credit: Bolerium Books
- Zetteler, Mike (28 August 1971). "Street Sheet Spreads Yippie Message". Zonyx Report. Milwaukee Sentinel.
- "Vancouver Yippie!". Vancouver Anarchist Online Archive. Retrieved 2006-08-08.
- "Open Road News Journal". Open Road News Journal.
- Martin, Eryk (2016). "Burn It Down" (PDF).
- Martin A. Lee (2012). "Smoke Signals: A Social History of Marijuana - Medical, Recreational and Scientific". Simon & Schuster.
- Judith Clavir Albert; Stewart Edward Albert, eds. (1984). The Sixties Papers: Documents of a Rebellious Decade. Connecticut. p. 402.
- "Rubin, Jerry: Do IT! Scenarios of Revolution". Enotes.
- "Woodstock Census: The Nationwide Survey of the Sixties Generation". Kirkus Reviews. 12 November 1979.
- "Tom Miller: Yippie activist Jerry Rubin brought his psychedelic oratory to Arizona". TheRagBlog. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Martin Torgoff (2005). "Can't Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000". Simon & Schuster.
- Aniko Bodroghkozy (February 2001). "Groove Tube: Sixties Television and the Youth Rebellion". Duke University Press.
- "Azenphony Press :: Our Books - The Ballad of Ken and Emily: or, Tales from the Counterculture". Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- Buy This Too, by Pete Wagner, Minne HA! HA! Publishing, Minneapolis 1987
- New Yippie Book Collective (1983). Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago, '68, to 1984. Bleecker Publishing. ISBN 9780912873008.
- Hawthorn, Tom. "Yippies in Love: Exploring the Vancouver riot - of 40 years ago". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- POSTER : YIPPIES IN LOVE Theatre in the Raw, Vancouver East Cultural Centre, 2011
- Steal This Movie on IMDb
- "Steal This Movie - a review by Roger Ebert", August 25, 2000
- Moynihan, Colin (30 April 2001). "Yippie Central". New York Today.
- Archibold, Randal C. "Still Agitating (Forget the Arthritis); Old Yippies Want to Steal Convention, but City Balks". New York Times. Retrieved 2004-04-15.
- Moynihan, Colin; Healy, Patrick. "Yippies Protest Near Bloomberg's Town House". New York Times. Retrieved 2004-08-23.
- Allen, Mike (3 May 1998). "Pot Smokers' March Is Out of the Park". New York Times.
- Marcelle Clements, The Dog Is Us, and other observations, p.46-47, Penguin Books, 1987, ISBN 978-0140084450
- Morowitz, Matthew. "From Sip-Ins to Smoke-ins…Marijuana and the Village". OffTheGrid : Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- K.R. Alper; H.S. Lotsof; C.D. Kaplan (2008). "The Ibogaine Medical Subculture". J. Ethnopharmacol. 115 (1): 9–24. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2007.08.034. PMID 18029124.
- Smith, P. "Feature: The Boston Ibogaine Forum -- from Shamanism to Cutting Edge Science". StopTheDrugWar.org. Drug War Chronicle. Retrieved 13 March 2009. Beal was a forum participant.
- Arnett, Andrew. "Dana Beal Wants To Cure Heroin Addiction With Ibogaine". Medium. Orange Beef Press. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Fowlie, Chris. "Dana Beal: Yippie for drug treatment!". ChrisFowlie.com. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- Moynihan, Colin. "East Village Protesters Denounce All Things Gentrified. It's a Tradition". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- Rayman, Graham. "Yippie Apocalypse in the East Village". The Village Voice. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- "CHICAGO 10 : The Film". PBS. 22 October 2008.
- Chicago 10 on IMDb
- King, Wayne (9 April 1989). "Abbie Hoffman Committed Suicide Using Barbiturates, Autopsy Shows". New York Times.
- R.C. Baker. "Jerry Rubin's Weird Road From Yippie to Yuppie". The Village Voice. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
- Pace, Eric (30 November 1994). "Jerry Rubin, 56, Flashy 60's Radical, Dies; 'Yippies' Founder and Chicago 7 Defendant". New York Times.
- "Jerry Rubin Is 50 (Yes, 50) Years Old". New York Times. 16 July 1988.
- Leland, John. "Yippies' Answer to Smoke-Filled Rooms". New York Times. Retrieved 2003-05-01.
- Kolben, Deborah. "Yippies Apply for a Piece of Establishment". New York Sun. Retrieved 2006-03-16.
- Anderson, Lincoln. "Museum will have Abbie's trash, Rubin's road kill". The Villager. Retrieved 2006-02-01.
- "The Yippie Museum". New York Art World. 2007.
- Haught, Lori. "Steal This Coffeehouse : Yippies Revive the 60s Vibe". The Villager. Retrieved 2006-11-15.
- Bleyer, Jennifer. "At the Yippie Museum, It's Parrots and Flannel". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Sjolin, Sara. "Yippee! The Yippie Museum Cafe Gets Back Its Groove". Local East Village. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- "NY Board of Regents – Charter Applications for March 2006". State of New York. September 29, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006.
- Moynihan, Colin. "A Yippie Veteran Is in Jail Far From the East Village". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- "At the Yippie Cafe". timknoxshoots. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- Philadelphia's Capt. Ray Lewis at The Yippie Cafe 1/25/12 Phone Video Part 1. Vimeo. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Fitzsimmons, Daniel. "Remembering the Yippies : Counter-cultural haven on Bleecker Street still alive despite legal struggle". NY PRESS. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Moynihan, Colin. "Loan Dispute Threatens a Countercultural Soapbox". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- Peet, Preston. "Requiem for Yippie Stronghold, 9 Bleecker". CelebStoner. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Patterson, Clayton. "OVERTHROW FANZINE" (PDF). Overthrow Boxing Club. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- Stew Albert's Yippie Reading Room!
- Pieman's Homepage (Aron Kay)
- Abbie Hoffman's Wakeup Amerika
- Yippie Speakers Bureau
- Cures not Wars
- "The Chicago Eight" (or "Chicago Seven") Trial (1969 - 1970)
- Conspiracy: The Trial of the Chicago 8 - TV Movie 16 May 1987
- A 10-minute documentary on the Yippies, created as a National History Day entry.
- Yippies shut down Disneyland (1970)
- "Making Yippie!" an excerpt from Chicago '68 by David Farber.
- PBS Independent Lens : CHICAGO 10 (2008)
- Flags of the World – Listing for the Youth International Party Flag
- The Yippie Revolution
- Vancouver Yippie
- July 4th Smoke-In at Washington DC (1977) The Annual July 4 Smoke-In at Washington DC - film by Howard Lotsof and the Yippies - 26 minutes
- Yippies at 1980 Republican convention in Detroit, Michigan.
- Fond Memories of '68 Convention Chicago Tribune column by Mike Royko comparing the 1968 Democratic Convention to the 1988 Convention - 24 July 1988
- In American History : Yippies
- Yippie - RationalWiki
- NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: GREENWICH VILLAGE; House of Yippies: Chicago Convention A Recurring Dream New York Times - April 7, 1996
- VIDEO: Yodeling Yippie by the Fugs (2006 Remastered Version)
- Among the Pie-Throwers (American Spectator article by Patrick Howley, 20 July 2011)
- Steal This Story : Hostage on Bleecker Street by Sidd Joag (May 5 2016) An account of a robbery at NY Yippie HQ in 2005 and its eventual aftermath.
- YippieFest - THREE DAYS OF THEATRE & MUSIC & SHORT FILM & COMEDY & MORE
- The Abbie Hoffman of the Right: Donald Trump (New York Times column by David Brooks, 26 September 2017)
- Throwing Custard Pies Looks Like Fun. It’s Also Art. - A history of political pie-throwing by Anthony Haden-Guest in The Daily Beast, February 18, 2018.