Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky
|Grand Rabbi Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky|
|Second Dushinsky Rebbe|
|Predecessor||Grand Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky|
|Successor||Grand Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky|
|Other||Chief rabbi of the Edah HaChareidis|
|Birth name||Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky|
December 22, 1921|
March 26, 2003 (aged 81)|
|Yahrtzeit||22 Adar II 5763|
|Buried||Shaare Zedek Cemetery, Jerusalem|
Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky|
|Alma mater||Yeshiva Beis Yosef Tzvi|
Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky (Hebrew: ישראל משה דושינסקי) (December 22, 1921 – March 26, 2003) also known as the Maharim, was the second Rebbe of the Dushinsky Hasidic dynasty of Jerusalem, Israel. He assumed the leadership of the Hasidut at the age of 28 upon the death of his father, Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, founder of the dynasty. He was also a member of the rabbinical court of the Edah HaChareidis for over 40 years, completing his tenure as the seventh chief rabbi of the Edah HaChareidis from 1996 to 2003.
Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky was the only child of Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky and his second wife, Esther Neuhaus. His father was over 50 years old at the time of his birth. Yisrael Moshe was born in Chust, Ukraine, shortly after his father began serving as Rav of that city. He was named after his paternal grandfather, Yisroel, and his great uncle, Rabbi Moshe Schick (the Maharam Schick).
His father was very attached to him and brought him along when he visited Torah leaders of the era. During Adar 1932, the ten-year-old Yisroel Moshe accompanied his father on a visit to Mandatory Palestine, where they brought mishloach manot to the Jerusalem sage, Rabbi Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, who was on his deathbed. Sonnenfeld, who died a few days after this visit, blessed Yisroel Moshe with arichas yomim (long life).
The next year, Yisroel Moshe, his parents, and 25 of his father's students immigrated to Mandatory Palestine, arriving in the port of Jaffa on the ship Italia on August 28, 1933. Yisroel Moshe attended Talmud Torah Shomrei Hachomos. After his bar mitzvah, he began studying at his father's yeshiva, Yeshiva Beis Yosef Tzvi, which the latter had established on Shmuel HaNavi Street in Jerusalem. He later studied for rabbinical ordination under Rabbi Hanoch Padwa and Rabbi Eliezer Brand.
Rosh yeshiva and rabbinical leader
After his marriage, his father asked him to begin delivering shiurim (Torah lectures) in the yeshiva. He was 28 years old when his father died in 1948. He took over the administration of the yeshiva and built it into a large Torah institution enrolling thousands of students. Every day after the conclusion of the morning prayers, still wearing tallit and tefillin, he would deliver a shiur on the Shulchan Arukh and its commentaries.
Following his father's death, he was also appointed to the Edah HaChareidis rabbinical court. In 1967 he became a regular member of the court, a position he held for over 40 years. In 1989 he was appointed Ravad (Rav Av Beit Din), and in 1996, Gaavad (Gaon Av Beit Din, or Chief Rabbi) of the Edah HaChareidis. He was the seventh chief rabbi in that organization's history. On a day that the court adjudicated a get (divorce) or chalitza (ceremony allowing a childless widow to remarry), he would fast.
Death and legacy
Dushinsky suffered from ill health during his final years and underwent several surgeries. In February 2003 his health declined further and he was hospitalized. He was unable to attend the wedding of his grandson, son of Rabbi Mordechai Yehuda, on March 25; he died the next morning at 3:15 am in the presence of family and close students.
He was buried next to his father in the Shaare Zedek Cemetery in Jerusalem. This cemetery had been opened as a temporary burial ground during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war; most of the graves had been moved to other, permanent cemeteries in the early 1950s. However, the grave of his father, who had died at the old Shaare Zedek Hospital in 1948, had not been moved. Since the cemetery had long been closed to burials, Dushinsky was forced to pay a huge sum of money for the right to be buried next to his father.
At the funeral, it was announced that his son, Yosef Tzvi, would succeed him as Grand Rabbi and head of the Dushinsky yeshiva. Rabbi Yitzchok Tuvia Weiss succeeded him as chief rabbi of the Edah HaChareidis.
His Torah writings were published under the title Toras Maharim.
Rebbes of Dushinsky
- Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky (1867–1948)
- Rabbi Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky (1921–2003), son of Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky
- Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, son of Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky
- Kahn, Betzalel (2 April 2003). "NEWS: HaRav Yisroel Moshe Dushinsky, zt'l". Dei'ah VeDibur. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Rossoff 2005, p. 388.
- Tannenbaum, Rabbi Gershon (15 February 2012). "My Machberes: Dushinsky Rebbe Visits New York City". The Jewish Press. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Tidhar, David (1950), "Rabbi Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky", Encyclopedia of the Founders and Builders of Israel (in Hebrew), 4, p. 1930
- Rossoff 2005, p. 387.
- Rossoff 2005, p. 386.
- "הרב דושינסקי בארץ" [Rabbi Dushinsky in Israel]. Doar Hayom (in Hebrew). 29 August 1933.
- Heilman 1992, p. 113.
- "Jerusalem Streets Reopen Following Funeral For Rabbi Dushinsky". Israel National News. 26 March 2003.
- Rossoff 2005, p. 383.
- Tannenbaum, Rabbi Gershon (2014). "Badatz Chief Rabbi Honored By Tens Of Thousands". Five Towns Jewish Times.
- Heilman, Samuel C. (1992). Defenders of the Faith: Inside Ultra-Orthodox Jewry. University of California Press. ISBN 0520221125.
- Rossoff, Dovid (2005). קדושים אשר בארץ: קברי צדיקים בירושלים ובני ברק [The Holy Ones in the Earth: Graves of Tzaddikim in Jerusalem and Bnei Brak] (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Machon Otzar HaTorah.