Yitzhak Danziger, 1940's
26 June 1916|
|Died||11 July 1977
near Ramla, Israel
|Field||Painting and Sculpture|
|Training||University of London|
Yitzhak Danziger (Hebrew: יצחק דנציגר; 26 June 1916 – 11 July 1977) was an Israeli sculptor. He was one of the pioneer sculptors of the Canaanite Movement, and later joined the "Ofakim Hadashim" (New Horizons) group.
The family immigrated to then Mandate Palestine in 1923 and settled in Jerusalem. Danziger studied art at the Slade School of Fine Art 1934–37. He was influenced by his visits to the British Museum, the Anthropological Museum and the art from Ancient Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, India and Oceania and Africa. These would later on play an important role in his sculptures.
He returned to Palestine and set up a studio at Tel Aviv in 1937.
Danziger created his statue "Nimrod" in 1938–1939. The statue is 90 centimeters high and made of Red Nubian Sandstone imported from Petra in Jordan. It depicts Nimrod as a naked hunter, uncircumcised, carrying a bow and with a hawk on his shoulder. The style shows the influence of Ancient Egyptian statues.
The unveiling of the statue caused a scandal. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem which had commissioned Danziger's statue was not happy with the result and religious circles made strong protests.
Within a few years, however, the statue was universally acclaimed as a major masterpiece of Israeli art, and has noticeably influenced and inspired the work of later sculptors, painters, writers and poets up to the present.
The Nimrod Statue was also taken up as the emblem of a cultural-political movement known as "The Cannanites" which advocated the shrugging off of the Jewish religious tradition, cutting off relations with Diaspora Jews and their culture, and adopt in its place a "Hebrew Identity" based on ancient Semitic heroic myths – such as Nimrod's. Though never gaining mass support, the movement had a considerable influence on Israeli intellectuals in the 1940s and early 1950s.
- 1945, the Dizengoff Prize for Sculpture.
- 1958 Milo Club Award, Kiryat Ono Monument Prize, Tel Aviv
- 1968, the Israel Prize, in sculpture.
- 1969, Sandberg Prize, in sculpture, Israel Museum of Jerusalem
- In 2005, he was voted the 193rd-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis.
- "Yitzhak Danziger". Information Center for Israeli Art. Israel Museum. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "List of Dizengoff Prize laureates" (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv Municipality.
- "Israel Prize Official Site – Recipients in 1968 (in Hebrew)".
- "הישראלי מספר 1: יצחק רבין – תרבות ובידור". Ynet. 20 June 1995. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- Itzhak Danziger collection at the Israel Museum. Retrieved February 2012
- "Itzhak Danziger". Information Center for Israeli Art. Israel Museum. Retrieved February 2012.
- Art of Itzhak Danziger at Europeana. Retrieved February 2012