Yiwu County

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Yiwu County
伊吾县ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى
County
Location of Yiwu County (red) within Hami City (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Yiwu County (red) within Hami City (yellow) and Xinjiang
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Xinjiang
Prefecture-level city Hami
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Yiwu County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 伊吾县
Traditional Chinese 伊吾縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 阿热吐鲁克县
Traditional Chinese 阿熱吐魯克縣
Uyghur name
Uyghur
ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى

Yiwu County (Chinese: 伊吾县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Aratürük County (Uyghur: ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 阿热吐鲁克县), is a county in the northeast of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Hami City. It contains an area of 19,511 km2 (7,533 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 20,000.

Yiwu was the site of the final battle in mainland China of the Chinese Civil War. There is a monument in Yiwu to a horse who greatly aided the People's Liberation Army during the battle.

Geography[edit]

The Yiwu County is located in the northeastern part of the prefecture, between the Qarliq Shan mountain range (along which it borders on Hami City) and the border with Mongolia's Govi-Altai Province. Outside of the mountain range, most of the county is within the Gobi Desert.

Some of the county important populated places are located in the oases irrigated by the intermittent Yiwu River, which flows north from the mountains, eventually disappearing in the desert. These include, from south to north, Yiwu Town (伊吾镇, the county seat), Weizi Xia Township (苇子峡乡), and Laomao Hu Town (淖毛湖镇).

As of the 1920s, the area of today's Yiwu town was referred to as "Tuhulu" (吐葫芦),[1] and that name is still retained by the Tuhulu Township (吐葫芦乡) adjacent to today's Yiwu town. At the time, it was the first place with an actual river and some agriculture that weary travellers from the east would reach after crossing several hundreds of kilometers of desert (since crossing Edsin Gol, a River in Inner Mongolia).[1]

Other places in the county include Qianshan Kazakh Township (前山哈萨克族乡), Yanchi township (盐池乡), and Xiamaya Township (下马崖乡).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Owen Lattimore, The Desert Road to Turkestan. 1929.

Coordinates: 43°15′18″N 94°41′50″E / 43.2550°N 94.6971°E / 43.2550; 94.6971