Location of Yiyang City jurisdiction in Hunan
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||12,144 km2 (4,689 sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|109.00 km2 (42.09 sq mi)|
|• Districts||1,851.0 km2 (714.7 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,313,084|
|• Density||360/km2 (920/sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HN-09|
Yiyang (simplified Chinese: 益阳; traditional Chinese: 益陽; pinyin: Yìyáng) is a prefecture-level city on the Zi River in Hunan province, China, straddling Lake Dongting and bordering Hubei to the north. According to the 2010 Census, Yiyang has a population of 4,313,084 inhabitants residing in an area of 12,144 km2 (4,689 sq mi). The previous census was in 2000 when it was recorded there were 4,309,143 inhabitants.
Yiyang county was founded in 221 BC. It is designated Yiyang as the county seat was situated at the north bank of the Yi River. Then the present-day jurisdiction mostly became a part of the Principality of Changsha during the Western Han.
|Ziyang District||资阳区||資陽區||Zīyáng Qū||680||410,542||604|
|Heshan District||赫山区||赫山區||Hèshān Qū||1,379||839,265||609|
|Yuanjiang City||沅江市||Yuánjiāng Shì||2,071||667,104||322|
|Nan County||南县||南縣||Nán Xiàn||1,075||725,562||675|
|Taojiang County||桃江县||桃江縣||Táojiāng Xiàn||2,063||769,568||373|
|Anhua County||安化县||安化縣||Ānhuà Xiàn||4,950||901,043||182|
The current CPC Party Secretary of Yiyang is Qu Hai and the current Mayor is Zhang Zhiheng.
Culture, People and Language
Yiyang has many famous people in the modern time of China. Ho Feng Shan is very famous in the history of Chinese foreign affairs since he had saved many Jewish families in Europe and China when he worked as a diplomat for China during World War II. Libo Zhou is a well-known writer in China, who was born in Yiyang.
The Language in Yiyang is "Yiyong-Wa" (Yiyang Dialect), which belongs to New Xiang dialect of the Chinese language. This dialect is very prevalent in all of Yiyang. But the western area of Anhua County of Yiyang has a slightly different accent, which is close to the Old Xiang accent of the Loudi District. Yiyang Dialect retains many ancient words and pronunciations and is influenced surprisingly little by Mandarin Chinese. Consequently, the Yiyang Dialect is very hard to understand for outsiders, although its speakers can communicate well with the speakers of other New Xiang dialects.
Historically, Buddhism and Taoism both played very important roles in the life of Yiyang people. Of course, both of these religions in modern times experienced a notable decline, as in many other places in China. Nowadays, however, some people claim that Buddhism and Christianity both have relatively many adherents in Yiyang, respectively 340,500 and 238,100 registered members. The source for these figures, however, needs to be cited.
Colleges and universities
- Hunan City University (湖南城市学院)
Twin towns — Sister cities
Yiyang is twinned with:
- Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
- 中国大百科全书（第二版） [Encyclopedia of China (2nd Edition)] (in Chinese). 26. Encyclopedia of China Publishing House. 2009. p. 388. ISBN 978-7-500-07958-3.
- Hntj.gov.cn – provides a brief overview of the city