Yizheng

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Yizheng
仪征市
County-level city
Yizheng is located in Jiangsu
Yizheng
Yizheng
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°24′43″N 119°11′31″E / 32.412°N 119.192°E / 32.412; 119.192Coordinates: 32°24′43″N 119°11′31″E / 32.412°N 119.192°E / 32.412; 119.192[1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Yangzhou
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Yizheng (simplified Chinese: 仪征; traditional Chinese: 儀征; pinyin: Yízhēng) is a county-level city under the administration of Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China, with a population of about 600,000 (2007). It borders the prefecture-level divisions of Chuzhou (Anhui) to the north and Nanjing to the west.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In 1013, the statues of several precedent emperors of the Song were cast in Jian'an (建安) military prefecture. Thus, the region was changed into Zhen zhou (Zhen prefecture, 眞州) with the emperor's favour later, and a Taoist temple designated Yizhen (儀眞) was also built, at where the former furnace was situated. Both zhen and yizhen supposedly mean "lifelikeness" in Chinese.[2] The prefecture was named after the temple in 1117. The then Yizhen county was renamed Yizheng in 1723, because the homophone "zhen()" as a part of the Yongzheng Emperor's Chinese name was deemed to be ineffable.

Geography[edit]

On the northern bank of Yangzhou, Yizheng is situated in the north of Jiangsu and the Yangtze River lies in its southern territory. The city borders Luhe District of Nanjing on west, the urban area of Yangzhou on east and Tianchang of Anhui Province on north. The city owns a riverbank of 27 km (17 mi), facing Zhenjiang in opposite of the river.

Two major bodies of water, the Yangtze River and the Grand Canal, run through Yizheng from west to east and from north to south, respectively, dividing the city into four fractions.

Economy[edit]

Local Yizheng Chemical Fibre of Sinopec was the fourth-largest worldwide polyester maker in the 1990s.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressways[edit]

G40 Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway

National Highway[edit]

China National Highway 328

Railway[edit]

The passengers service of Yizheng Station astride the Nanjing–Qidong railway was suspended since July 1st 2013.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Yizheng" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02. 
  2. ^ History of Song. 8. "閏月...建安軍鑄聖像。", "五月...升建安軍為真州。"; 續資治通鑑長編 [Raw Supplement to Zizhi Tongjian]. 80. "升建安軍為真州,鎔範聖像之地,特建為儀真觀"
  3. ^ "Currency Markets Fray Nerves Of Chinese Polyester Company". The Wall Street Journal. 

External links[edit]