I, the Worst of All

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I, the Worst of All
I, the Worst of All.jpg
Directed by María Luisa Bemberg
Produced by Christopher Granier-Deferre
Based on Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz o las trampas de la fe
by Octavio Paz
Music by Luis María Serra
Cinematography Félix Monti
Edited by Juan Carlos Macías
Release date
Running time
105 minutes
Country Argentina
Language Spanish

I, the Worst of All (Spanish: Yo, la peor de todas) is an Argentinian film directed by María Luisa Bemberg. The film was released in 1990 and is a biopic on the life of Juana Inés de la Cruz. It was based on Octavio Paz's Sor Juana: Or, the Traps of Faith. The film premiered at the 47th Venice International Film Festival where it received the OCIC Award - Honorable Mention.[1] The film was selected as the Argentine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 63rd Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[2]


In Mexico in the 17th century the Viceroy of New Spain and the newly elected Archbishop discuss how they will rule. The Archbishop sends a letter to the convent where Sor Juana lives informing the abbess that his first official order of business will be to visit their convent and to meet Sor Juana. For the occasion Sor Juana presents a play she has been working on. The Viceroy and his wife, the Vicereine are impressed with Sor Juana's writing. The Archbishop on the other hand is disturbed that the convent is so lax. He secretly meets with a few nuns and persuades them to elect a more formal abbess.

In the meantime Sor Juana and the Vicereine grow close. The Vicereine, warns Sor Juana to be careful about how she speaks and what she reads and tells her of an auto-da-fé she witnessed in which hundreds were burned. Other nuns also approach Sor Juana and ask her to run for election to be the abbess, but Sor Juana refuses saying that she is in the middle of writing an epic poem which she cannot give up.

When the new abbess is elected she institutes a vow of poverty and tries to take away Sor Juana's books but the Vicereine insists that she keeps them. The Archbishop then attempts to censor Sor Juana's books based on a poem she has written about the Vicereine which he claims is sinful. Sor Juana's books are taken away but when the Viceroy hears of this he demands they be returned to her. The Vicereine tells Sor Juana that as long as she and her husband are in Mexico she will be protected.

Sometime later the Viceroy learns that he has lost favour with the King of Spain and is to be replaced. Before he leaves he visits Sor Juana and asks that she give the Vicereine permission to take her works with her to be published in Spain. Sor Juana agrees.

A political enemy of the Archbishop's encourages Sor Juana to write a rebuttal to one of the favourite theologian's of the Archbishop. Sor Juana obliges believing the paper is for private circulation. However the work is published along with an attack on Sor Juana condemning her entire oeuvre.

In Spain the first volume of Sor Juana's poems have been published. The former Vicereine tasks a friend to bring a copy to Sor Juana who no longer answers letters and lives in seclusion and poverty in the abbey. When her former friend, a priest, agrees to hear her confession he orders her to do penance by relinquishing all her worldly possessions. As a final act of contrition Sor Juana writes a letter to the head of the church confessing that she lived her life as a pagan and signing it with her blood and the words, "I worst of all."


The film received positive reviews upon its release with many praising Bemberg's directing and Assumpta Serna's acting.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kennedy, Harlan. "VENICE 1990 – THE 47TH VENICE FILM FESTIVAL". Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  3. ^ Holden, Stephen. "I the Worst of All (1990) FILM REVIEW; A Free-Spirited Nun's Poetry Shows Seeds of Her Undoing". Retrieved 13 March 2015. 

External links[edit]