|Founded||12 April 2010
as CITY CAR Limited
Number of locations
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Crossover, hatchback, truck|
|Engine||Gasoline or natural gas hybrid|
The Yo-mobil (Russian: ё-мобиль; IPA: [ˈjɵ mɐˈbʲilʲ]) was a planned hybrid electric car that was going to be produced by Yo-auto, a Russian company that was a joint venture between SKD truck maker Yarovit and the ONEXIM investment group.
On 7 April 2014 it was announced that the project was sold to the Russian government for €1, because "...the sharp weakening of the auto market has made it impossible to go ahead with the project, and make a profit.". As of 2017[update], no production vehicles were ever produced.
The car was introduced on 13 December 2010 in Moscow, a product of a joint venture between Yarovit, owner of a small assembly plant in St. Petersburg, Russia and the Onexim investment group, headed by Mikhail Prokhorov, who is the leader and financier of the project. Prokhorov planned to invest around €150 million (US$200 million) in a venture, dubbed Yo-auto. According to Prokhorov, he intended for the vehicle to "break the stereotype saying Russia can't produce good cars."
The car will be powered by an engine that can burn both gasoline and natural gas setup includes a no-transmission layout and instead has a generator that feeds energy into a super capacitor that in turn powers the car’s two rear wheels. Unlike other hybrid cars, such as the Toyota Prius, the internal-combustion engine directly powers the motors rather than a battery. It was planned to install a rotary vane type engine, with the pistons moving in a circle, rather than linearly. However, the inventor of the engine Mikhail Virgiyanov in an open letter to the company refused to continue work on the engine and accused the company of copyright infringement. Other features include a plastic body that can be recycled to make other structural components. Another feature is the ability for the vehicle to become a 20 kW power station for your house or business during a grid failure.
Fuel economy of the car is expected to be around 67 mpg‑US (3.5 L/100 km; 80 mpg‑imp), with a range of 680 miles (1,090 km) and a top speed of 80 mph (130 km/h). However, no tests were conducted due to the lack of working examples.
The project has been criticized by Russian automotive specialists. In particular the project and its designers are criticized for:
- Overly ambitious plans for a company that has never designed or produced vehicles of any kind (Yarovit company only did SKD assembly of trucks based on large Terberg components)
- Designing a vehicle around high-tech components most of which do not exist even as experimental machines
- Dangerously high center of gravity, making it susceptible to roll-over
- Archaic design, resembling go-carts by its body and mining equipment by the drivetrain
- Use of capacitors as power storage devices which have numerous disadvantages and may become dangerous in certain circumstances
- Dynamic driving properties declared earlier may not match practicals due to power leak caused by additional electric equipment (like lights, air conditioning etc.).
- No physical safety tests results were announced yet (June 2012).
Yo-auto initially planned to begin producing the car during the second half of 2012, and had aims to sell 10,000 during the first year of production. However, these plans were revised in 2012, with the estimated start of production was moved to early 2015, a plan that never came to fruition. While it will be initially sold in Russia, Yo-auto planned to sell the vehicle in Europe subject to compliance with European Union regulations. The cars was to be manufactured in a factory near St. Petersburg that would have an estimated annual capacity of 45,000 units. A second factory, to be opened later, was expected to double the annual production rate. However, these plans were also revised in 2013, with the estimated total annual production rate were targeted at 40,000 units.
In late 2011, Vietnamese company TMT and Yo-auto announced plans to develop a line of 2-8 seat cars for the Vietnam market, developed from the Yo-mobil platform.
On August 15, 2013 official website of ё-ENGINEERING has been started.
On 7 April 2014 ONEXIM announced transfer of all the Yo-Mobile technologies to the government-owned research institute NAMI for a symbolical price of 1 euro. It also announced the intention to sell Yo-Mobile Saint-Petersburg plants. ONEXIM explained the decision by weakening of Russian rouble and declining of the auto-market in Russia.
- "Yo Mobile, Russia's first hybrid, delayed until 2015". Autoblog.com. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- "Russian Billionaire Backs New Hybrid Car". The New York Times. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- "Yo! Russian Magnate Starts Hybrid Car Company". NPR. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- "Russian Billionaire Ventures Into Hybrid Cars". The Wall Street Journal. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- "Yo-price: Russian tycoon sells hybrid car project to govt for €1". Russia Today. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Russian ë-mobile hybrid car orders 10-years ahead - Prokhorov". RIA Novosti. 2011-06-27.
- "Russia’s Hybrid Yo-Mobile’s Output Target Halved". RIA Novosti. 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "TMT sẽ sản xuất lắp ráp xe hybrid sử dụng nhiên liệu sạch". TinTheThao.com. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- On, Sgh. "New yo-Auto Concept Car at Frankfurt". mdautomobile. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Popov, Yegor (April 2014). "€1-мобиль". Kommersant.
- Прохоров подарил Жириновскому «ё-мобиль»