Yobe State

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Tulutulu in yobe state Nigeria.jpg
Flag of Yobe State
Seal of Yobe State
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • BodyGovernment of Yobe State
 • Governor
Mai Mala Buni (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorIdi Barde Gubana (APC)
 • LegislatureYobe State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Ibrahim Gaidam (APC)
N: Ahmed Lawan (APC)
S: Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
 • Rank6th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,321,339[1]
 • Estimate 
4,000,000 Increase
 • Rank32nd of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.01 billion[2]
 • Per capita$843[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
Area code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO
HDI (2018)0.365[3]
low · 35th of 37

Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on 27 August 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu; its largest and most populated city is Potiskum.


The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa.Yobe State shares borders with Borno State to the east, Gombe State to the south, Bauchi and Jigawa States to the west and Niger Republic to the north.[4] It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall.

Tulutulu in yobe state Nigeria
Nguru River bank Yobe State


Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[5]

Boko Haram[edit]

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with nearby Borno and Adamawa States, due to the jihadist terrorist network Boko Haram's insurgency. Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[6]

Boko Haram's attacks in Yobe include those in Damaturu in November 2011, December 2011 and June 2012, Gadaka in December 2011, Potiskum in December 2012, November 2014 and July 2015, Mamudo in July 2013, Gujba in September 2013, Buni Yadi in February and May 2014 and Dapchi in 2018.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas (or LGAs). They are:


While Yobe state is an agricultural state, it also has rich mineral deposits, including gypsum and kaolin in Fune Local Government and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State's agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.[citation needed]


On 29 May 2019, Mai Mala Buni assumed office as the governor of Yobe State under the Party APC ( All Progressive Congress) and Idi Barde Gubana is the Deputy-Gorvenor of the state[7][8]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Fulɓe people

The major ethnic groups living in Yobe State are the fulani and kanuri, while other ethnic communities include Bolewa, Ngizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Marghi, karai-karai and Manga.


Languages of Yobe State listed by LGA:[9]

LGA Languages
Bade Bade, Duwai, Kanuri
Bursari Kanuri, Fulani
Damaturu Yerwa Kanuri
Fika Karai-Karai, Bolewa Ngamo
Fune Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bura-Pabir
Geidam Kanuri, Karai-Karai, Fulani
Gujba Kanuri, Karai-Karai
Gulani Maaka, Karai-Karai, Bura-Pabir, Kanuri
Jakusko Bade, Karai-Karai
Machina Manga
Nangere Karai-Karai
Nguru Kanuri
Potiskum Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bolewa

Other languages of Yobe State are Duwai, Shuwa Arabs, and Zarma.[9]


Tertiary institutions in Yobe state include:


The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid. However, there are Christians in the State although no Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.

Notable people[edit]

  • Uwani Musa Abba Aji - CFR (born 7 November 1956) is a Nigerian Jurist and Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria
  • Usman Albishir - (15 June 1945 – 2 July 2012) former senator and Senate Minority Leader
  • Mamman Bello Ali - (1958 – 26 January 2009) former senator Yobe Zone B and former governor of Yobe State.
  • Idris Alkali - former chief of administration, army headquarters
  • Usman Alkali Baba (born 1 March 1963) current Nigerian inspector-general of police
  • Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai - (born 10 February 1960) a Politician and the Senator representing Yobe South Senatorial District in the 9th National Assembly
  • Imrana Alhaji Buba - (born 6 August 1992) Activist, social entrepreneur, recipient of Queen's Young Leader Award
  • Audu Bulama Bukarti - (1 January 1984) Senior Analyst in the Extremism Policy Unit of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change
  • Mai Mala Buni - (born 11 November 1967) politician and the current Governor of Yobe State
  • Goni Modu Bura - former deputy governor, former senator, and current ambassador of Nigeria to Syria and Lebanon
  • Adamu Ciroma - (born 20 November 1934) former Minister and Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Gaidam - former governor and now Senator for Yobe Zone A
  • Buba Galadima - politician and National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change(CPC) party
  • Bukar Ibrahim - (born October 1950) former governor of Yobe State and Senator in Nigeria
  • Khadija Bukar Abba Ibrahim - (born 6 January 1967) member of the House of Representatives and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
  • Waziri Ibrahim - first republic minister and presidential candidate of GNPP in the second republic
  • Alwali Kazir - former chief of army staff
  • Ahmed Lawan - senator and Senate President of the 9th National Assembly
  • Zakariya Maimalari - a brigadier-general, who was killed in the 1966 Nigerian coup d'état while commanding the 2nd Brigade, Apapa, Lagos
  • Adamu Garba Talba - a politician and former senator Yobe south
  • Ibrahim Talba - a former permanent secretary to the office of the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
  • Adamu Waziri - (born 14 September 1952) former minister of Police Affairs


  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Yobe State of Nigeria :: Nigeria Information & Guide". www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Yobe State", Online Nigeria, Accessed here on 3 August 2007.
  6. ^ "Nigeria declares 'massive' military campaign on borders". BBC News. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  7. ^ "For The Record: Full text of Yobe governor's inaugural speech | Premium Times Nigeria". 30 May 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  8. ^ TODAY (3 February 2022). "Official: Insurgency claims 167 students, 3 teachers in Yobe". TODAY. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  10. ^ Blog, Real Mina (4 March 2019). "List of Courses in Federal College Of Education, Potiskum (FCEPOTISKUM)". Real Mina Blog. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  11. ^ "List of Courses Offered by Federal Polytechnic Damaturu". www.myschoolgist.com. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  12. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University Gashua (FUGASHUA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  13. ^ Academy, Samphina (15 June 2019). "List of Courses Offered in Mai-Idris Alooma Polytechnic". Samphina Academy. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  14. ^ "USCOEGA". www.uscoegaonline.com.ng. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  15. ^ "An Analysis of University Courses Offered through AVU Satellite". dx.doi.org. 1 January 2001. doi:10.14217/9781848597426-7-en. Retrieved 25 July 2021.

External links[edit]