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Yobe State

Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
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Tulo Tulo, also known as 'The Desert Land of Hope', is a marshy oasis situated in a low valley in Yusufari on the fringe of the Sahara desert.
Tulo Tulo, also known as 'The Desert Land of Hope', is a marshy oasis situated in a low valley in Yusufari on the fringe of the Sahara desert.
Flag of Yobe State
Seal of Yobe State
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 • BodyGovernment of Yobe State
 • Governor
Mai Mala Buni (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorIdi Barde Gubana (APC)
 • LegislatureYobe State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsE: Musa Mustapha (APC)
N: Ahmed Lawan (APC)
S: Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
 • Rank6th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,321,339[1]
 • Estimate 
 • Rank32nd of 36
 • Year2021
 • Total$7.05 billion[3]
36th of 36
 • Per capita$1,797[3]
35th of 36
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
Area code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO
HDI (2021)0.363[4]
low · 35th of 37

Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on 27 August 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu, and its largest city by population is Potiskum. While by the largest by land area is Fune, Potiskum Local Government Area is a place of Farmers and marketers, the largest cattle market in Africa is located in Potiskum.


The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. Yobe State shares borders with Borno State to the east for about 421 km, Gombe State to the south for 140 km (in the vicinity of Gongola River), Bauchi State for 188 km (117 miles) and Jigawa State for 193 km (120 miles) to the west and the Republic of Niger to the north for about 352 km.[5]It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall.

Nguru River bank Yobe State


The climate condition of Yobe is warm with daily temperature of 37 °C (98.6 °F). November being the sunniest month and rainy day is between August and December[6]


Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[7]

Boko Haram[edit]

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with nearby Borno and Adamawa States, due to the jihadist terrorist network Boko Haram's insurgency.[8] Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau was born in Shekau village of Yobe.[9]

Boko Haram's attacks in Yobe include those in Damaturu in November 2011, December 2011 and June 2012, Gadaka in December 2011, Potiskum in December 2012, November 2014 and July 2015, Mamudo in July 2013, Gujba in September 2013, Buni Yadi in February and May 2014 and Dapchi in 2018.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas (or LGAs). They are:


While Yobe state is an agricultural state, it also has rich mineral deposits, including gypsum and kaolin in Fune local government and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State's agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.[10]


On 29 May 2019, Mai Mala Buni assumed office as the governor of Yobe State under the Party APC (All Progressive Congress) and Idi Barde Gubana is the Deputy-Gorvenor of the state.[11][12]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Kanuri girl sitting behind a decorated wall

The major ethnic groups living in Yobe state are the Fulani, Karai-karai and Kanuri, while other ethnic communities include Bolewa, Ngizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Marghi and Manga.


Languages of Yobe State listed by LGA:[13]

LGA Languages
Bade Bade, Duwai, Kanuri
Bursari Kanuri, Fulani
Damaturu Yerwa Kanuri
Fika Karai-karai, Bolewa Ngamo
Fune Karai-karai, Ngizim, Bura-Pabir
Geidam Kanuri, Karai-karai, Fulani
Gujba Kanuri, Karai-karai
Gulani Maaka, Karai-karai, Bura-Pabir, Kanuri
Jakusko Bade, Karai-karai
Machina Manga
Nangere Karai-karai
Nguru Kanuri
Potiskum Karai-karai, Ngizim, Bolewa

Other languages of Yobe State are Duwai, Shuwa Arabs, and Zarma etc.[13]

Tourist attractions[edit]

The tourist attractions sites in Yobe state include:


Tertiary institutions in Yobe state include:


Federal highways[edit]

One road to Niger[edit]

The Nguru–Gashua–Damask road across the north of the state via Baiomari and Geidem to Maine-Soroa.

Other major roads[edit]

  • the Gamawa Rd northwest from Potiskum to Bauchi State at Zindiwa,
  • the Jakusko-Potiskum Rd north from Potiskum, where the Gashua-Jakusko Rd continues north via Katamma,
  • the Dapchi-Damaturu Rd north from via Dapchi to Baiomari as the Damaturu-Gashua Rd,
  • the Damaturu Rd south to Borno State at Kamuya Wuru,
  • the Azare-Potisum Rd west to Bauchi State near Lele.


The 1067 mm Cape gauge Western Railway Line northeast from Kano via Jigawa State terminates at Nguru.


Potiskum Airstrip


The inhabitants of Yobe are mainly Muslims and Sharia law was established in the state in 2000 by governor Bukar Abba Ibrahim. However, there are Christians in the State although no Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.


The state government is headed by a governor who is elected through a democratically process. The governor works closely with the State House of Assembly, which is the law-making arm in the state.

Just like every other state in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the electoral system of Yobe State is that of a modified two-round system. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive the plurality of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least two -third of the State local government Areas. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round will be held between the top candidate and the next candidate to have received a plurality of votes in the highest number of local government areas.[21]

Natural resources[edit]

Yobe State has deposits of trona and gypsum.[22]


The state's administration has improved healthcare delivery lifted a moratorium on hiring and provided incentives for staff retention. The free-drugs policy and decentralised drug supply have increased access to healthcare, underscoring the state's dedication to renovating and building new primary healthcare facilities to make healthcare more widely available and reasonably priced.[23][24][25]


Residents of Yobe State in northern Nigeria are worried about desertification because it could have a negative impact on their quality of life.[26][27][28]

Notable people[edit]


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  2. ^ "Yobe State: Subdivision". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 5 February 2024.
  3. ^ a b Okeowo, Gabriel; Fatoba, Iyanuoluwa, eds. (13 October 2022). "State of States 2022 Edition" (PDF). Budgit.org. BudgIT. Retrieved 7 March 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Yobe State of Nigeria :: Nigeria Information & Guide". www.nigeriagalleria.com. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
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  12. ^ TODAY (3 February 2022). "Official: Insurgency claims 167 students, 3 teachers in Yobe". TODAY. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
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  16. ^ "Official List of Courses Offered in Federal University Gashua (FUGASHUA) - Myschool". myschool.ng. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
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  19. ^ "USCOEGA". www.uscoegaonline.com.ng. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  20. ^ "An Analysis of University Courses Offered through AVU Satellite". 1 January 2001. doi:10.14217/9781848597426-7-en (inactive 31 January 2024). {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2024 (link)
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  28. ^ Nigeria, Guardian (23 August 2021). "UN, Yobe distribute 3m tree seedlings to fight desertification". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
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External links[edit]