|Date created||27 August 1991|
|• Body||Government of Yobe State|
| • Governor |
|Mai Mala Buni (APC)|
|• Deputy Governor||Idi Barde Gubana (APC)|
|• Legislature||Yobe State House of Assembly|
|• Senators||C: Ibrahim Gaidam (APC)|
N: Ahmed Lawan (APC)
S: Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai (APC)
|• Total||45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)|
|• Rank||6th of 36|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||32nd of 36|
|• Total||$2.01 billion|
|• Per capita||$843|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-YO|
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Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on 27 August 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu; its largest and most populated city is Potiskum.
The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa.Yobe State shares borders with Borno State to the east, Gombe State to the south, Bauchi and Jigawa States to the west and Niger Republic to the north. It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall.
Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.
On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with nearby Borno and Adamawa States, due to the jihadist terrorist network Boko Haram's insurgency. Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau was born in Shekau village of Yobe.
Boko Haram's attacks in Yobe include those in Damaturu in November 2011, December 2011 and June 2012, Gadaka in December 2011, Potiskum in December 2012, November 2014 and July 2015, Mamudo in July 2013, Gujba in September 2013, Buni Yadi in February and May 2014 and Dapchi in 2018.
Local Government Areas
Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas (or LGAs). They are:
While Yobe state is an agricultural state, it also has rich mineral deposits, including gypsum and kaolin in Fune Local Government and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State's agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.
Languages of Yobe State listed by LGA:
|Bade||Bade, Duwai, Kanuri|
|Fika||Karai-Karai, Bolewa Ngamo|
|Fune||Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bura-Pabir|
|Geidam||Kanuri, Karai-Karai, Fulani|
|Gulani||Maaka, Karai-Karai, Bura-Pabir, Kanuri|
|Potiskum||Karai-Karai, Ngizim, Bolewa|
Tertiary institutions in Yobe state include:
- Federal College of Education (Technical), Potiskum
- The Federal Polytechnic Damaturu
- Federal University, Gashua
- Mai-Idris Alooma Polytechnic
- Shehu Sule College of Nursing and Midwifery, Damaturu
- Umar Suleiman College of Education
- Yobe State University
- Uwani Musa Abba Aji - CFR (born 7 November 1956) is a Nigerian Jurist and Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria
- Usman Albishir - (15 June 1945 – 2 July 2012) former senator and Senate Minority Leader
- Mamman Bello Ali - (1958 – 26 January 2009) former senator Yobe Zone B and former governor of Yobe State.
- Idris Alkali - former chief of administration, army headquarters
- Usman Alkali Baba (born 1 March 1963) current Nigerian inspector-general of police
- Ibrahim Mohammed Bomai - (born 10 February 1960) a Politician and the Senator representing Yobe South Senatorial District in the 9th National Assembly
- Imrana Alhaji Buba - (born 6 August 1992) Activist, social entrepreneur, recipient of Queen's Young Leader Award
- Audu Bulama Bukarti - (1 January 1984) Senior Analyst in the Extremism Policy Unit of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change
- Mai Mala Buni - (born 11 November 1967) politician and the current Governor of Yobe State
- Goni Modu Bura - former deputy governor, former senator, and current ambassador of Nigeria to Syria and Lebanon
- Adamu Ciroma - (born 20 November 1934) former Minister and Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria
- Ibrahim Gaidam - former governor and now Senator for Yobe Zone A
- Buba Galadima - politician and National Secretary of the Congress for Progressive Change(CPC) party
- Bukar Ibrahim - (born October 1950) former governor of Yobe State and Senator in Nigeria
- Khadija Bukar Abba Ibrahim - (born 6 January 1967) member of the House of Representatives and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
- Waziri Ibrahim - first republic minister and presidential candidate of GNPP in the second republic
- Alwali Kazir - former chief of army staff
- Ahmed Lawan - senator and Senate President of the 9th National Assembly
- Zakariya Maimalari - a brigadier-general, who was killed in the 1966 Nigerian coup d'état while commanding the 2nd Brigade, Apapa, Lagos
- Adamu Garba Talba - a politician and former senator Yobe south
- Ibrahim Talba - a former permanent secretary to the office of the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
- Adamu Waziri - (born 14 September 1952) former minister of Police Affairs
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