Yogad language

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Yogad
Native toPhilippines
RegionLuzon
Native speakers
(16,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3yog
Glottologyoga1237
Yogad language map.png
Area where the Yogad language is spoken

Yogad is an Austronesian language spoken primarily in Echague, Isabela and other nearby towns in the province in northern Philippines. The 1990 census claimed there were around 16,000 speakers.[2]

Classification[edit]

Anthropologist H. Otley Beyer describes Yogad as a variant of Gaddang language and the people as a sub-group of the Gaddang people in his 1917 catalogue of Philippines ethnic groups.[3] Glottolog presently groups it as a member of the Gaddangic group; in 2015, however, Ethnolog placed Yogad as a separate member of the Ibanagic language family. Godfrey Lambrecht, CICM, also distinguished separately the peoples who spoke the two languages.[4]

Alphabet[edit]

The Yogad alphabet has 21 letters composed of 16 consonants and 5 vowels.[5]

Yogad Alphabet
Majuscule Letter A B K D E F G
Minuscule Letter a b k d e f g
IPA /a/ /b/ /k/ /d/ /ɛ/ /f/ /ɡ/
Majuscule Letter H I L M N NG O
Minuscule Letter h i l m n ng o
IPA /h/ /i/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /o/
Majuscule Letter P R S T U W Y
Minuscule Letter p r s t u w y
IPA /p/ /ɾ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /w/ /j/

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yogad at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ "About Yogad". Yogad Kan.https://www.yogadkan.com/about-yogad.html
  3. ^ Beyer, H. Otley (1917). Population of the Philippine Islands in 1916 (población de las islas Filipinas en 1916) (in English and Spanish). Manila: Philippine Education Co., Inc. p. 22.
  4. ^ Lambrecht, Godfrey (1959). "The Gadang of Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya: Survivals of a Primitive Animistic Religion". Philippine Studies. 7 (2): 194–218. JSTOR 42719440.
  5. ^ Yogad: First Primer. The Summer Institute of Linguistics. 1956.
  • Davis, Philip W.; Mesa, Angel D. (2000). A Dictionary of Yogad. Munich, Germany: Lincom Europa.