Yogendra Shukla

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Yogendra Shukla (1896–1960) was an Indian nationalist, freedom fighter born in Bihar. He served in the Cellular Jail (Kalapani), and he was among the founders of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Along with Basawon Singh (Sinha) he was among the founder members of Congress Socialist Party from Bihar.[1]

Yogendra Shukla and his nephew Baikuntha Shukla (1907–1934) hailed from Jalalpur village in Muzaffarpur district (now Vaishali district) of Bihar. From 1932 to 1937, Yogendra served prison sentence in Kalapani, as one of the leaders of the revolutionary movement in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. He became famous for his many exploits. He was a senior associate of Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Datta and had even trained them. He had to serve prison terms for a total of more than sixteen and a half years for his revolutionary activities. During imprisonment in different jails of India, he was subjected to extreme torture, which corroded his iron constitution. He died in a sick condition and he had also become blind.

Kalapani[edit]

In October 1932, the Judicial Secretary, A.C.Davies, as directed by the Governor in Council asked the DIG (CID) to suggest the names of the revolutionary convicts with a statement showing the offences for which they had been convicted, the sentence awarded and a brief note showing their connection with the revolutionary movement with a view to transferring them to the Andamans.[2] The DIG (CID) suggested the names of Yogendra Shukla, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Shyamdeo Narayan alias Ram Singh, Ishwar Dayal Singh, Kedar Mani Shukla, Mohit Chandra Adhikari and Ram Pratap Singh.[2]

Yogendra Shukla, Kedar Mani Shukla and Shyamdeo Narayan were transferred to the Andamans in December, 1932.[2] In 1937, Yogendra Shukla was transferred to Hazaribagh Central Jail as a result of his 46 days of hunger strike.[2] When Sri Krishna Sinha formed the first Congress ministry in 1937, he took up the cause of political prisoners and his ministry resigned on the issue on 15 February 1938.[2] As a result, the Viceroy conceded the demands and Yogendra Shukla along with other political prisoners was released in March, 1938.[2]

After release from Kalapani[edit]

Yogendra Shukla joined the Indian National Congress after his release and was elected vice-chairman of the Muzaffarpur District Congress Committee.[2] He was also elected a member of the All India Congress Committee in 1938 but later joined the Congress Socialist Party at the instance of Jayaprakash Narayan.[2] He was arrested in 1940, soon after he became a member of Central Committee of the All India Kisan Sabha in place of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.[2]

Quit India Movement[edit]

When Mahatma Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement in August, 1942, Yogendra shukla scaled the wall of Hazaribagh Central Jail along with Jayaprakash Narayan, Suraj Narayan Singh, Gulab Chand Gupta, Ramnandan Mishra and Shaligram Singh with a view to starting underground movement for freedom.[2] As Jayaprakash Narayan was ill then, Shukla walked a distance to Gaya with Jayaprakash Narayan on his shoulders, a distance of about 124 kilometres.[2][3]

The British Government announced a reward of Rs. 5000 for the arrest of Shukla. He was arrested on 7 December 1942, at Muzaffarpur.[2] The government believed that one day before his arrest Shukla had helped four prisoners escape from Muzaffarpur jail.[2] They were Surajdeo Singh, Ram Babu Kalwar, Brahmanand Gupta and Ganesh Rai.[2]

Yogendra Shukla was lodged in Buxar Jail and kept in bar fetters for three years.[2] In March 1944, he launched hunger-strike in the Buxar Jail.[2]

During and after Independence[edit]

He was released in April, 1946. In 1958, he was nominated a member of the Bihar Legislative Council on behalf of the Praja Socialist Party and continued there till 1960.[2] In 1960, he was taken seriously ill as a result of long years of prison life. He died on 19 November 1960.[2]

References[edit]

  • Manmath Nath Gupta, History of the Indian Revolutionary Movement, (first published in 1939), Somaiya Publications, 1972.
  • Naina Singh Dhoot, Surinder Singh, The Political Memoirs of an Indian Revolutionary, Manohar Publishers, New Delhi, 2005, ISBN 978-8173046339.
  • Jayaprakash Narayan: Selected Works, Jayaprakash Narayan, ed. by Bimal Prasad, Manohar, 2000, ISBN 978-8173043871.
  • P. N. Ojha, History of the Indian National Congress in Bihar, 1885-1985, K.P. Jayaswal Research Institute, 1985.
  • Onkar Sharad, J P: Jayaprakash Narayan : Biography, Thoughts, Letters, Documents, Sahitya Bhawan, 2nd edn, 1977.
  • N.M.P.Srivastava, Colonial Bihar, Independence, and Thereafter: A History of the Searchlight, K.P. Jayaswal Research Institute, Patna, India, 1998.

External links[edit]

  • [1] Official biography given by the Government of India when a stamp was released on him.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Surendra Mohan (21 March 2009). "Dr Lohia's Life and Thought: Some Notes". XLVII (14). Mainstream. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Srivastava, N.M.P. (1988). Struggle for Freedom: Some Great Indian Revolutionaries. K.P.Jayaswal Research Institute, Government of Bihar, Patna. 
  3. ^ Distance between Hazaribagh Central Jail and Gaya