Yogyakarta International Airport
Yogyakarta International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Yogyakarta
Construction progress of Yogyakarta International Airport, 5 May 2019.
|Owner||Government of Indonesia|
|Operator||PT Angkasa Pura I|
|Serves||Yogyakarta Special Region|
|Location||Kulon Progo Regency, Indonesia|
|Elevation AMSL||7.3 m / 24 ft|
Yogyakarta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Yogyakarta) (IATA: YIA, ICAO: WAHI) is an airport located at Temon district of Kulon Progo Regency, which serves the Yogyakarta Special Region, in Java, Indonesia.
The airport is operated by Angkasa Pura I. The airport is due to replace Adisutjipto International Airport of Yogyakarta, which is currently over capacity. The airport commenced operations on the 6th of May 2019 with the first arrival, a Citilink flight from Jakarta's Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport.Commercial flights would be gradually relocated from the old Adisucipto International Airport. Though the runway and other facilities for international flights are already functioning, as of mid-August 2019 there were no international flights. In mid-September 2019, 80 percent of the terminal constructions are finished and it is predicted to be completed at the end of 2019, so it will be fully operational in early 2020.
Due to a dispute over land acquisition, the construction work for the airport was delayed. In December 2018, the construction of the airport's terminal was 40 percent complete and the runway was only 19 percent complete, while the construction of other facilities were still underway.
The new airport is anticipated to accommodate 15 million passengers annually upon completion. The airport will be developed in two phases,
- In the first phase of development, the airport will have a terminal area of 130,000 square meters with a capacity of up to 15 million passengers per year and the runway will be 3,250 meter x 60 meter. The total land area of the airport is about 645 hectare.
- In the second phase of development, the new airport terminal will be developed to 195,000 square meters that can accommodate up to 20 million passengers per year. The length of the runway will be extended by 350 meters to 3,600 meters and 45 meters wide with apron that can be parked up to 45 aircraft.
Future plans also include to turn the airport land into an airport city integrated with industrial, and tourism areas. The airport is designed to be resistant to earthquakes measuring up to 8.8 on the Richter magnitude scale as it was constructed in an earthquake-prone area, and will be equipped with tsunami mitigation facilities.
At present part of the terminal, about 12,900-square-meter is completed and used. When completed the terminal will spread over 210,000 sqm. There will be three islands of check-in counter, with 32 counters in each of the islands.
Airlines and Destinations
|Batik Air||Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Palangkaraya, Samarinda|
|Citilink||Banjarmasin, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Palembang|
|Garuda Indonesia||Balikpapan (begins 29 March 2020), Denpasar/Bali (begins 29 March 2020), Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar (begins 29 March 2020)|
|Lion Air||Makassar, Medan, Pontianak, Tarakan|
|NAM Air||Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Pangkal Pinang|
40% of the land that will be used for the airport is classified as "Paku Alam (Sultan)" land while the rest belongs to local communities. The location is in Temon District between Congot Beach and Glagah Beach (which covers Palihan village, Sindutan village, Jangkaran village and Glagah village).
Affected residents learnt about the construction of NYIA in 2011. Dissemination of NYIA development was carried out by the Regional Government and related Offices, PT Angkasa Pura I, and the National Land Agency (BPN) of Kulon Progo Regency in 2014. The rejection by the affected people was covered by the mass media. The reason people rejected the planned NYIA was the construction of the airport would eliminate the land that is the source of their livelihood as farmers. They also claimed about environmental issues with the proposed site as well as issues of safety, due to the area being at high risk for tsunamis and other natural disasters. In addition there are a few historic as well as scared places for local community with the airport development area. The rejection of the NYIA development has begun since the establishment of the Wahana Tri Tunggal (WTT). Later some of its members formed the Community Association for Refusing Kulonporogo Evictions (PWPP-KP). Initially, the attitude of refusing unconditionally became the principle of the WTT towards the construction of the NYIA, until finally they accepted the construction provided that there was a reassessment of the assets of buildings, plants and other supporting facilities. Meanwhile, from the formation of the PWPP-KP until now, the attitude of refusing unconditionally still continues. As of July 2018, there are 86 families who still refused to sell their land for the airport's development.
On November 28, 2017, the Chairperson of the Indonesian Ombudsman requested a delay in emptying residents land because they were conducting an investigation regarding the possibility of maladministration in the process. National Human Rights Commission of Indonesia (Komnas HAM) said that the handling of citizens in the NYIA conflict area is relatively good compared to conflicts in many other areas with more complex levels of conflict. At the same time, Human Rights Commission considers there are human rights violations that occurred and need not be done in emptying the land occupied by residents.
At present DAMRI shuttle buses serve routes from YIA to Adisutjipto International Airport, Wojo, Purworejo, Kebumen and Magelang. Another bus service Satelqu serves routes from YIA to Adisutjipto International Airport, Cilacap and Purwokerto.
The airport is planned to be connected to Yogyakarta city center via a toll road and railway line. Railway line (airport railway) will be built start at 2020 and can be used at 2021. At present Wojo Station is the nearest, which is about 10 kilometers from the airport. From where passengers have to use shuttle service to the airport. There are 3 other stations serve passengers to the airport, Tugu Station in Yogyakarta, Wates Station in Kulon Progo and Wojo Station in Purworejo. All these stations have exclusive comfortable waiting room for the airport passengers and it is provided with international standard toilet.
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- "Angkasa Pura I to provide Rp 8T for new Yogyakarta airport". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Ari Nugroho (April 23, 2019). "Operasi Penerbangan Internasional YIA, KAI Siapkan Ruang Tunggu Khusus Kereta Bandara".
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