Yoho National Park

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Yoho National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Takakkaw Falls.jpg
Takakkaw Falls
Map showing the location of Yoho National Park
Map showing the location of Yoho National Park
Location of Yoho National Park
LocationBritish Columbia, Canada
Nearest cityGolden
Coordinates51°23′43″N 116°29′12″W / 51.39528°N 116.48667°W / 51.39528; -116.48667Coordinates: 51°23′43″N 116°29′12″W / 51.39528°N 116.48667°W / 51.39528; -116.48667
Area1,313 km2 (507 sq mi)
EstablishedOctober 10, 1886
Governing bodyParks Canada
World Heritage site304

Yoho National Park (/ˈjh/)[1] is a national park of Canada in British Columbia. It is located in the Rocky Mountains along the western slope of the Continental Divide of the Americas in southeastern British Columbia. The word Yoho is a Cree expression of amazement or awe, and it is an apt description for the spectacular landscape of massive ice fields and mountain peaks that rank among the highest in the Canadian Rockies.[2] Yoho NP is bordered by Kootenay National Park on the southern side and Banff National Park on the eastern side in Alberta.

Yoho covers 1,313 square kilometres (507 sq mi), and it is the smallest of the four contiguous national parks. Yoho, together with Jasper, Kootenay and Banff National Parks, along with three British Columbia provincial parks—Hamber Provincial Park, Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park, and Mount Robson Provincial Park—form the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site. The park's administrative and visitor centre are located in Field, British Columbia, beside the Trans-Canada Highway.

History[edit]

The park was created following a trip by Prime Minister John A. Macdonald and his wife Agnes through the Rockies on the newly completed Transcontinental Railway. Inspired on his return to Ottawa, Yoho National Park was created on October 10, 1886. Glacier National Park was created on the same day, becoming the second and third national parks in the country, after Banff.

The contiguous national parks of Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho, as well as the Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber provincial parks were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.[3]

Fauna[edit]

Common species of animals that roam in this park are the timber wolf, coyote, badger, moose, elk, mule deer, mountain goat, golden-mantled ground squirrel, rufous hummingbird, hoary marmot, wolverine, cougar, pika, lynx, grizzly bear, and black bear.

Climate[edit]

The weather in the park is localized and changeable.[4] Being located on the western side of the continental divide, it receives more precipitation than areas east of the divide.[4] Precipitation in the park increases with elevation.[4] In winter, average temperatures are between 5 to −15 °C (41.0 to 5.0 °F) from the months November to April although temperatures can range between 10 to −35 °C (50.0 to −31.0 °F).[4] The coldest weather usually occurs in the months December to February.[4] In summer, mean temperatures average 12.5 °C (54.5 °F) with an average high of 20 °C (68.0 °F) and an average low of 5 °C (41.0 °F).[4] Snowfall and freezing temperatures can occur during the summertime at altitudes above 1,500 m (4,900 ft).[4]

Geology[edit]

Chancellor Peak and Kicking Horse River
Emerald Lake
Natural Bridge in Yoho National Park

The Kicking Horse River, a Canadian Heritage river, originates in the Wapta and Waputik icefields in the park. This river has created a natural bridge through solid rock. This formation is located 3 km west of Field, accessible from the road to Emerald Lake.

The Canadian Rockies consist of sedimentary rock, with numerous fossil deposits. In particular, the Burgess Shale, located in Yoho National Park, has among the world's richest deposits of rare[further explanation needed] fossils.[citation needed] The Burgess Shale was discovered in 1909 by Charles Doolittle Walcott. In the southeastern corner of the park is an igneous intrusion known as the Ice River Complex containing deposits of sodalite, an ornamental stone.

Mountains[edit]

Waterfalls[edit]

  • Takakkaw Falls have a total height of 373 metres (1,224 ft),[6] making it the 2nd tallest waterfall in Canada.[7][8] The main drop of the waterfall has a height of 254 metres (833 ft).[6]
  • Wapta Falls is the largest waterfall of the Kicking Horse River, at about 30 metres (98 ft) high and 150 metres (490 ft) wide.[9][10] Its average flow can reach 254 cubic metres per second (9,000 cu ft/s).[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parks Canada (2017-07-26). Parks Can Can Canada 2017. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  2. ^ "Kicking Horse – Canadian Heritage Rivers System Canada's National River Conservation Program". chrs.ca. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  3. ^ "Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks". World Heritage list. UNESCO. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Yoho National Park Weather". Parks Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "Peakfinder - Mount Balfour".
  6. ^ a b "Takakkaw Falls". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ Evans, David. "Takakkaw Falls". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Waterfalls in the Canadian Rockies: Field, British Columbia". www.field.ca. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Northwest Waterfall Survey". www.waterfallsnorthwest.com.
  10. ^ Wapta Falls at Berkeley
  11. ^ "Waterfalls of British Columbia - Wapta Falls; Yoho Natl. Park". www.waterfallswest.com.
  12. ^ "Wapta Falls - Waterfalls of the Northeastern United States". www.northeastwaterfalls.com.

External links[edit]