In the han system, Yoita was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.
List of daimyo
The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.
- "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-8.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Makino" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 29; retrieved 2013-4-8.
- Papinot, (2003). "Ii" at p. 13; retrieved 2013-4-8.
- "Yoita" at Edo 300 (Japanese)
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