Violant of Bar

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Violant of Bar
Queen consort of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, and Sardinia and Corsica; Countess consort of Barcelona
Violanta Bar.jpg
Tenure 1380–1395
Born c.1365
Northern France
Died 3 July 1431
Barcelona
Spouse John I of Aragon
Issue
Detail
Yolande, Queen of Naples
House House of Montbéliard
Father Robert, Duke of Bar
Mother Marie of Valois
Religion Roman Catholicism

Violant of Bar (c. 1365 – 3 July 1431) was queen consort of Aragon.

She was the daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar and Marie of Valois. Violante was the eighth of eleven children. She was married in 1380 at the age of 15 to John, Duke of Girona, the heir apparent to the throne of Aragon, thus becoming Duchess of Girona and Countess of Cervera.

Her husband became King of Aragon in 1387. He was often ill, and Violante wielded considerable administrative power on his behalf. She transformed the Aragonese court into a center of French culture. She especially cultivated the talents of Provençal troubadours (poet-musicians).

John and Violant had six children, but only one daughter, Yolande lived to adulthood.

  • James (1382–1388), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
  • Yolande (Zaragoza 1384 - Saumur 14 November 1442), married on 2 December 1400 at Louis II of Naples. She played a role in the history of France.
  • Ferdinand (1389 - Monzón October 1389), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera
  • Joanna (1392 - Barcelona 4 August 1396)
  • Antonia (b and d 1392)
  • Peter (1394-1394), Duke of Girona and Count of Cervera

After John's death in 1395, she dedicated herself to the education of her only surviving child, Yolande. Yolande and her sons claimed the Kingdom of Aragon after John's death.

Violant died in Barcelona on 13 August 1431 at the age of sixty-six.

Preceded by
Sibila of Fortia
Queen consort of Aragon
1387–1395
Succeeded by
Maria de Luna