Yolombó

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Yolombó
Municipality and town
Yolombó-iglesia.jpg
Flag of Yolombó
Flag
Official seal of Yolombó
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Yolombó in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Yolombó in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Yolombó is located in Colombia
Yolombó
Yolombó
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 6°35′52″N 75°0′44″W / 6.59778°N 75.01222°W / 6.59778; -75.01222
Country  Colombia
Department Antioquia Department
Subregion Northeastern
Area
 • Total 941 km2 (363 sq mi)
Elevation 1,450 m (4,760 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 23,958
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website http://www.yolombo-antioquia.gov.co

Yolombó is a town and municipality in the Colombian department of Antioquia. It is part of the subregion of Northeastern Antioquia, located 108 km from Medellín.

History[edit]

Yolombó is an indigenous term from the area. In 1535, Don Pedro de Heredia, who was also the founder of Cartagena de Indias, discovered, in the Antioquian region, a village of indigenous people with the same name, Yolombó. It is also known that the town was initially called, "San Lorenzo de Yolombó." However, no official date of its founding is known to exist.

The gold found in the area is what made Yolombó a celebrated and important town in the middle of the 17th century. According to parish records, the town gained prominence as marked by the settlement of high ranking Spanish families. Up until 1750, its plentifulness and prosperity earned Yolombó the name, Ciudad Illustre (Illustrious City). However, the prosperity was short lived. Between 1760 and 1800 the gold mines were depleted due to the advent and use of more efficient mining technology.

Following this economic decline, Yolombó was downgraded to township of the city Santo Domingo in 1879 until 1883, when Yolombó was once again promoted to the status of District and Township and it has remained as such until 2009.

The town is extensive in its climate and biodiversity. At 1,450 km above sea level, the mountainous landscape offers both scorching and frigid temperatures. It is known for its exotic agriculture, forests full of medicinal and precious wood, and is a land abundant in water and pasture.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Total Population: 23,958 (2015) [2]

  • Urban Population: 7,216
  • Rural Population: 16,742

Total Literacy Rate: 84.3% (2005)[3]

  • Urban Literacy Rate: 90.5%
  • Rural Literacy Rate: 81.5%

According to DANE census records from 2005,[3] the racial makeup of Yolombó is composed of:

Yolombó in the Media[edit]

Yolombó was popularized in part by Tomás Carrasquilla's historical novel, "La Marquesa de Yolombó (The Marquise of Yolombó)."

Coordinates: 6°40′N 75°00′W / 6.667°N 75.000°W / 6.667; -75.000

References[edit]