Yonabaru, Okinawa

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Yonabaru
与那原町
Town
Yonabaru Town Office
Yonabaru Town Office
Flag of Yonabaru
Flag
Official seal of Yonabaru
Emblem
Location of Yonabaru in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Yonabaru in Okinawa Prefecture
Yonabaru is located in Japan
Yonabaru
Yonabaru
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 26°11′58″N 127°45′17″E / 26.19944°N 127.75472°E / 26.19944; 127.75472Coordinates: 26°11′58″N 127°45′17″E / 26.19944°N 127.75472°E / 26.19944; 127.75472
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
District Shimajiri
Foundation 1 April 1949
Area
 • Total 5.18 km2 (2.00 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 18,410
 • Density 3,502/km2 (9,070/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Black ebony (Diospyros ferrea)
 • Flower Hibiscus
 • Flowering tree Deigo (Erythrina variegata)
 • Fish Japanese seabream
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address 16 Ueyonabaru, Yonabaru-chō, Shimajiri-gun
901-1392
Website www.town.yonabaru.okinawa.jp (in Japanese)

Yonabaru (与那原町, Yonabaru-chō, Okinawan: Yunabaru) is a town in Shimajiri District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It is located at the southern end of Okinawa Island, on the east coast, overlooking Nakagusuku Bay.

As of 2015, the town has a population of 18,410 and a population density of 3,502 persons per km2. The total area is 5.18 km2, making it the second smallest municipality in Okinawa.

History[edit]

Aerial view of the former Yonabaru Airfield

References to the area represented by the modern town of Yonabaru may be found in the Omoro Sōshi, which makes mention of "Yonaharu" and "Yonaha-bama".[1] According to the Chūzan Seifu (中山世譜), Shō Hashi, before becoming king, acquired iron from foreign ships that came to Yonabaru to trade, forged from this metal tools for farming, and gave these to the people.[2]

Formerly part of Ōzato Magiri, with the abolition of the magiri in 1908, the area of Yonabaru became part of Ōzato Village. A railway line to Naha opened in 1914 and with it came a period of economic growth. Talk during the early Shōwa period of separate municipal status was interrupted by the Pacific War and the foundation of Yonabaru Town had to wait until 1 April 1949.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Census data
YearPop.±%
1950 6,574—    
1955 7,318+11.3%
1960 8,234+12.5%
1965 8,740+6.1%
1970 9,639+10.3%
1975 12,017+24.7%
1980 12,752+6.1%
1985 13,311+4.4%
1990 14,009+5.2%
1995 14,850+6.0%
200015,109+1.7%
200515,343+1.5%
2010 16,318+6.4%
2015 18,410+12.8%
Source: Statistics Bureau [1]

Neighbouring Municipalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 与那原町の紹介 [Yonabaru Town: An Introduction] (in Japanese). Yonabaru Town. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  2. ^ 与那原町 [Yonabaru Town]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Heibonsha. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 

External links[edit]