Yongmudo

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Yongmudo
Highest governing bodyInternational Yongmoodo Federation
First playedKorea, 1950s
Characteristics
ContactYes
Mixed-sexYes
TypeMartial art
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
World ChampionshipsMasterships (2019)
Yongmudo
Also known asYongmoodo, Yong Moo Do
FocusStriking, kicking, throwing
HardnessFull-contact (WT), Light and medium-contact (ITF, GTF, ATA, TI, TAGB)
Country of originKorea
CreatorYong-In University
Parenthoodtaekwondo, hapkido, judo, and ssireum
Yongmudo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationYongmudo
McCune–ReischauerYongmudo

Yongmudo, Yongmoodo or Yong Moo Do (Korean: 용무도) is a modern hybrid Korean martial art which combines different techniques from taekwondo, hapkido, judo, and ssireum as well as boxing and wrestling.[1]

History[edit]

Yongmudo was developed at Yong-In University and has been practiced at this university as a self-defense art since 1953. The Martial Arts College of Yong-In University formally announced the creation of a new discipline, known as Yongmoodo on October 15, 1998.[2]

The Self-Defense Yongmudo Club was formed in 1974 and the World Yongmudo Federation was established in 1999.[3]

Norman Link believes that yongmudo "was developed in part because as taekwondo grew into a dazzling martial sport, it lost most of the other aspects, like self-defense."[4]

Etymology[edit]

The term Yongmoodo (literally translated as "Dragon Martial Way") comes from the word Hankido which was developed in Korea in 1976. Then the name changed to Kukmodo and then changed to Yongmoodo. Yongmoodo consists of three syllables: 1. YONG means dragon. 2. MU or MOO means martial which refers to fighting or battles and fights including defense and strategic, physical, mental, and physiology aspects. 3. DO means a way of training and a way of life and contains philosophy and the ability to learn from nature, live and fight, against nature.[5]

Features[edit]

Yongmudo uses various dynamic techniques from martial arts such as Taekwondo, Judo, and Ssirum and is based on physical, psychological, spiritual, and mental training with contemporary scientific knowledge. Yongmudo was developed with an emphasis on education, training and martial arts philosophy. It is a practical self-defense training system, combining most practical techniques from several traditional Korean martial arts as well as other related disciplines. The primary techniques of Yongmoodo including offensive and defensive techniques are throwing, grappling and ground techniques from Judo, slamming and holding down from Wrestling, kicking, striking, thrusting, punching and blocking from Taekwondo, Kumdo and Kerkki, and joint locking from Hapkido.[2]

Scientific study[edit]

A study about the effects of yongmoodo exercises confirmed that "the functional balance mat for Yongmoodo exercise program could improve the posture alignment pursuant and gait abilities of body imbalance of obese elementary students."[6] Another study concluded that the high intensity yongmudo training could improve the maximum muscle strength of adult males.[7] A study about the turning kicks in Taekwondo and Yongmudo reached the conclusion that the turning kick was performed quicker by the Taekwondo players.[8]

By country[edit]

Australia[edit]

The Yongmoodo Australia Association (YAA) and the Yongmoodo Oceania Association (YOA), founded by In Cheol Yoo (a graduate of Yong-In University), were established to formally support the objectives of Yong-In University's aim to develop and promote Yongmoodo in the world.[2]

India[edit]

Indian Yongmudo Federation is the current governing body for Yongmudo in India. Indian Yongmudo Federation has subsequently created Indian Yongmudo Committee to manage and spread Yongmudo all over India. Indian Yongmudo Federation is also affiliated in School Games Federation Of India(SGFI). Yongmudo in India was founded by Rohit Narkar. Narkar is currently the President of Indian Yongmudo Federation.[9]

Indonesia[edit]

Yongmudo is currently used extensively in military training in Indonesia. This sport has officially become a mandatory sport among the Indonesian Army since 2008.[10][11]

Iran[edit]

Keyvan Dehnad is the founder and president of Iran Yongmudo Association (the current governing body for Yongmudo in Iran and the official national organization for the promotion of Yongmudo). Iran Yongmudo has been recognized by ministry of sport and Iran Martial Arts Federation and Member of International Yongmudo Federation.[12][13] Amir Sheikh Hosseini won a gold medal and Reza Goodary won a silver medal in 2nd International Yongmudo Championships in 2016.[14] Amir Sheikh Hosseini won a gold medal and Reza Goodary won a bronze medal in 2016 World Martial Arts Masterships.[15][16] Iranian athletes won a gold medal Arya Sheikh Hosseini and a bronze medal Reza Goodary in 2019 World Martial Arts Masterships.[17][18]

Malaysia[edit]

S. Suhaizy is the president of Malaysian Yongmudo Association. It was established in 2009.[19]

Mongolia[edit]

In 2019 Chungju World Martial Arts Masterships, D. Tserendorj and Ts. Odbayar finished 3rd place (bronze medal) and 5th place respectively.[20]

South Korea[edit]

Kang Minchul is the manager of the Korean Yongmudo Association (KYA) and professor in the Department of Oriental Martial Arts at Yong In University. KYA is the headquarters and office of South Korea Yongmudo at Yong In University.[21]

United States[edit]

Yongmudo is practiced in University of California Martial Arts Program. The US Yongmudo Association is the official national organization for the promotion of Yongmudo in the US. Russell Ahn is the current US Yongmudo Association President and Deputy Secretary General of the International Yongmudo Federation.[22]

World Martial Arts Masterships Result[edit]

2019[edit]

Category Gold Silver Bronze
Men's -60 kg Nepal Rohan Guruwacharya Nepal Bibek Maharjan Malaysia Ramanan R Muralitharan
Malaysia Muhammad Nurhaziq Rusly
Men's -65 kg South Korea Min Hyeok Nam South Korea Chang Dae Kim Indonesia Firdaus
Malaysia Danesh Murugan
Men's -70 kg Uzbekistan Otabek Fozilov Nepal Roberto Kapali Uzbekistan Abdulatif Khabibullaev
Malaysia Wan Indera Luthfi
Men's -75 kg South Korea Woo Jin Kim South Korea Jae Hyun Lee Indonesia Zulkifli Ago
Mongolia Tserendorj Damdindorj
Men's -85 kg South Korea Seong Min Lee Indonesia Muhammad Ali Murtadho China Yawen Wang
China Dilong An
Men's -90 kg South Korea Dong Hyuk Bae China Zheng Yu Ting Iran Reza Goodary[23]
Men's +90 kg Iran Arya Sheikh Hosseini South Korea Jin Uoung Oh South Korea Hee June Cho
Women's -55 kg South Korea Soo Hyun Kim Japan Kyoka Sugama Nepal Sharmila Tamang
Japan Akari Itohisa
Women's -60 kg South Korea Song E Chea China Xiaoshi Li South Korea Seon Yeong Hwang
United States Hyoseon Kim
Women's +60 kg South Korea Min Hyeong Jang Nepal Anu Maya Tamang Japan Ami Unozawa

[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MSMAP :: Overview of Yongmudo". www.mtshastama.org.
  2. ^ a b c "About Yongmoodo". Taekwondo World.
  3. ^ "Yongmudo – UCMAP – University of California Martial Arts Program".
  4. ^ Hamlin, Jesse (23 March 2007). "UC's master of martial arts". SFGate.
  5. ^ "Sejarah Singkat Mengenai Olah Raga Yongmoodo". Tribun Manado (in Indonesian).
  6. ^ "Effects of YONGMOODO Exercises on Physical Fitness and Gait Ability in Body Imbalance Obesity Elementary Students". International Journal of Martial Arts (in Korean). 30 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Effects of High Intensity YONGMUDO Training on Maximum Muscle Strength and Yongmudo Performance in the Adult Males". International Journal of Martial Arts (in Korean). 30 December 2019.
  8. ^ O’Sullivan, David; Chung, Chulsoo; Lee, Kikwang; Kim, Euihwan; Kang, Sungchul; Kim, Taewhan; Shin, Insik (1 November 2009). "Measurement and Comparison of Taekwondo and Yongmudo Turning Kick Impact Force for Two Target Heights". Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 8 (CSSI3): 13–16. ISSN 1303-2968. PMC 3879643. PMID 24474880.
  9. ^ COMMITTEE, INDIAN YONGMUDO. "INDIAN YONGMUDO COMMITTEE". INDIAN YONGMUDO COMMITTEE.
  10. ^ "Yongmoodo". GTActivity.
  11. ^ "Sejarah Yongmoodo di Indonesia Hingga Jadi Olahraga Beladiri Wajib TNI ADKORANJURI.com". koranjuri.com.
  12. ^ "Iran Yongmudo".
  13. ^ "Appointments in Iran Yongmudo". Radioneshat.
  14. ^ "Goodary: My heart always beats for my country / I am proud to be Iranian". IPNA Iran Sport Pro News Agency (in Persian). 2021-09-01. Retrieved 2021-09-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Gold Medal in Masterships 2016". honarhayerazmi.com.
  16. ^ "2016 WMC E-Book (Page 221)". Mastership (in Korean). 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2021-08-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "Iranian success in World Martial Arts Masterships". Radio Neshat.
  18. ^ "Goodary, an inexhaustible phenomenon". IRNA News Agency (in Persian). 2021-08-30. Retrieved 2021-09-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "Yongmudo Malaysia (2021)". www.localgymsandfitness.com.
  20. ^ "D.Tserendorj wins bronze from 2019 Chungju World Martial Arts Masterships". MONTSAME News Agency.
  21. ^ "충주세계무예마스터십". chungju2019.mgsoft21.co.kr (in Korean).
  22. ^ "Dr. Russell Ahn". UCMAP – University of California Martial Arts Program.
  23. ^ "Goodary: My heart always beats for my country / I am proud to be Iranian". IRNA News Agency (in Persian). 2021-08-31. Retrieved 2021-09-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ 충주세계무예마스터십. "충주세계무예마스터십". chungju2019.mgsoft21.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-08-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]