Yoni Chetboun

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Yonatan Chetboun
Yoni Chetboun.png
Date of birth (1979-03-13) 13 March 1979 (age 38)
Place of birth Nahariya, Israel
Knessets 19
Faction represented in Knesset
Jewish Home
Ministerial roles
Deputy Speaker of the Knesset
Allegiance  Israel
Service/branch Israeli Army
Years of service 1998-2008
Rank IDF sgan aluf rotated.svgLieutenant colonel
Unit Unit Egoz
Golani Brigade
Commands held Unit Egoz
Golani Brigade
Battles/wars Operation Defensive Shield
South Lebanon conflict
Second Intifada
Lebanon2ribon.svg2006 Lebanon War
Awards Zrm.svgChief of Staff Citation

Yonatan "Yoni" Chetboun (Hebrew: יונתן "יוני" שטבון, born 13 March 1979) is an Israeli politician and a decorated officer in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) who currently serves as a Lt. Col. (Res.). He is also author of the book Under Fire (Hebrew: Tahat Esh). Chetboun served as a member of the Knesset, where he sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. During his active-duty service, the IDF awarded him the Chief of Staff Citation for actions taken during the Second Lebanon War. Currently, he runs Kanaf Strategy, a strategic consulting firm for companies and public organizations. He also lectures world-wide on combating terrorism and decision-making under pressure.

Biography[edit]

Personal Life and Education[edit]

Chetboun was born in Nahariya to French-Jewish parents soon after they immigrated to Israel.[1] His father, Dr. Israel Chetboun, is a senior cardiologist.[2] His parents named him after Yonatan Netanyahu.[3] After his birth, his family moved to Netanya, where he grew up and attended a Bnei Akiva yeshiva high school. He holds a BA in government diplomacy and strategy with honors from the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya and is studying for an MBA in business management from the Hebrew University.[4] He currently lives in Jerusalem and is married to Ma’ayan, the daughter of Australian immigrants, with 8 children.[5]

Army[edit]

In 1998, Chetboun was drafted into the Israel Defense Forces and joined the Golani Brigade. Eventually, he was selected for the Egoz elite unit,[6] which specializes in anti-terror and anti-guerilla operations. During his service, he completed the prestigious infantry officer course and served as a staff commander for Egoz during various anti-terror operations in Lebanon, Gaza, and Judea and Samaria. As part of Operation Defensive Shield, his unit was tasked with surrounding the Mukata’a, the office of Yasser Arafat, then Chairman of the Palestinian Authority. Later, he became a company commander.[4]

He was an operations officer for Golani Battalion 51 at the time of the Second Lebanon War and saw action at the Battle of Bint Jbeil.[7] One of the casualties of Bint Jbeil was Major Roi Klein, a friend and commander of Chetboun’s, who famously jumped on a grenade to save a number of soldiers on the battlefield. During the battle, Chetboun removed Klein’s body from the battlefield and replaced him as commander. Chetboun was awarded the Chief of Staff citation for actions taken during Bint Jbeil.[6][8] He was discharged from active duty in 2008, but continues to actively serve in the reserves as a Lieutenant Colonel (battalion commander).[9]

Public career[edit]

In 2009, Chetboun organized rallies in support of the IDF and the residents of southern Israel during Operation Cast Lead. Chetboun believed that in the Second Lebanon War, a lack of public support hurt the soldiers he led, and this encouraged him to organize the rallies.[6]

In 2010, Chetboun founded the Ra'ananim Religious Zionist youth movement. The organization was active in strengthening Zionism and Jewish identity among Israeli youth.[6]

At this time, Chetboun also became a speaker for the IDF as well as schools, universities, and conferences, on the topics of leadership and decision making. He also began lecturing to congressmen about Israel’s security and its place in the world order.[10] In 2012, he joined the Jewish Home party and was elected to the 7th spot on the party list.[6] The party won 12 seats in the next elections, and Chetboun became a member of the List of members of the nineteenth Knesset.

Parliamentary Work[edit]

In the Knesset, Chetboun served as the Deputy Speaker of the Knesset, a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee,[11] and a member of Israel’s delegation to NATO.[12] He founded the Neighborhood Forum,[13] which promoted local grassroots leadership. In light of increased immigration from France, he started the Lobby for the Absorption of French Immigrants in Israel.[14] He also founded the Lobby for Standing Army and Reserve Soldiers.[4]

Chetboun passed a number of laws, including:

  • Consumer Protection Bill: The bill made supermarket chains honor the full value of food vouchers if they were used within five years. Previously, some chains would take a percentage off of the vouchers.[15]
  • Higher Education Council Bill: The bill cancelled the rights to student benefits for those who avoid military service.[16]

During the 19th Knesset, a bill was proposed to enlist ultra-Orthodox Jews into the army. Chetboun led the fight within the coalition against the bill and provided the only opposition vote.[17] On March 11, 2014, the day before the vote, Chetboun gave a speech to the Knesset entitled “Love your Neighbor as Yourself.”[18]

During the speech, he said:

Mr. Speaker, my friends, Members of Knesset: The commandment to love your neighbor as yourself is the foundation of IDF service, the basis of the obligation of service. The spiritual heroes of our nation gave their lives for the sake of this commandment… Loving your neighbor as yourself means to truly love every Jew and to understand the spiritual connection between all of us - the soul. This means that right and left, religious and secular, Ashkenazim and Mizrahim, and also the ultra-Orthodox public. I cannot stand the hate, I cannot accept the obsession with attacking them. It is impossible and prohibited to ignore the motivation of this law …As an officer and commander on every front, as someone who lost and carried his dead friends, I choose today to stand on my principles. I love Torah, I love the state and, I believe deeply in our wonderful nation.[19]

On December 14, 2014, he left the Jewish Home party and joined Eli Yishai's new Yachad party.[20] He stressed his belief in the fact that the new party could bring unity between all sectors in Israel and provide support for the periphery.[21] He was placed second on the party's list for the Israeli legislative election, 2015, but did not receive a seat in the 20th Knesset.

Private career[edit]

In 2011, Chetboun founded Kanaf Strategy, of which he is the executive director.[22] He continues to give lectures to companies and public organizations around the world about Israeli security and decision-making under pressure.

Under Fire book cover

In June 2016, Chetboun published a book in Hebrew titled Under Fire[23] (Heb.: Tahat Esh) with Yediot Sfarim Publishing, one of the biggest publishing houses in Israel. The book recounts his experiences in the army, including stories from the field and reflection on the effects of service on his family life. It gives insight into the actions of Roi Klein and how Chetboun made decisions under fire in the battlefield. It also describes his ideas regarding Israeli security. The book is being translated into English and French with Gefen Publishing.[22]

Security philosophy[edit]

In his book and lecturers, Chetboun outlines three key security concepts:

  1. Ground maneuvers are still key in both symmetrical and asymmetrical warfare. Modern technology should be used to support ground forces on the battlefield, but should not replace them, so that enemy forces will feel the presence of a military force.[24]
  2. In order to defeat terrorism, active intelligence should be combined with infantry operations. Infantry must be able to enter densely populated areas on a consistent basis.[25]
  3. Countries must possess a clear ideological concept, a belief in the justness of their cause and social-national resilience. The “people's army” model, according to which Israeli civilians from all walks of life participate in compulsory service and in the reserves, is proven to be particularly effective in times of tension. Soldiers can effectively fight for their home even when the leadership is hesitant or indecisive.[26]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meet the MK: Yoni Chetboun, Lahav Harkov, Published: 13.02.2013
  2. ^ Cardiology Clinic. Meir Medical Center, Retrieved 27.02.2016 (in Hebrew)
  3. ^ Chetboun, Yoni, Facebook post, 06.06.2013 (in Hebrew)
  4. ^ a b c Knesset Member, Yoni Chetboun, Knesset, 27.02.2016
  5. ^ Congratulations: Yoni Chetboun and his Wife had a Boy, Tomer Nir, 26.04.16 (in Hebrew)
  6. ^ a b c d e Yoni Chetboun: Candidate for the Jewish Home Party, Israel National News Hezki Baruch, 22.5.2012 (in Hebrew)
  7. ^ From the Wilderness and Lebanon, Koren Publishers Jerusalem, Lubotzky Asael, (2016). p. 59. ISBN 978-1592644179.
  8. ^ Medal and Citation Recipients in the Second Lebanon War in the Golani Brigade, Golani Brigade website (in Hebrew)
  9. ^ Under Fire: Former MK recounts Lebanon War Experience, Hezki Baruch, 10.07.2016
  10. ^ New MK: Yoni Chetboun, Jewish Home, Youtube (in Hebrew).
  11. ^ MK Chetboun to Europeans: Time for 2-State Alternatives, Ari Yashar, 05.11.2013
  12. ^ MKs to Talk Iran, Syria at NATO Assembly, Lahav Harkov, 16.05.2013
  13. ^ Chetboun: Crisis and Hunger Don’t Just Happen Before Holidays, Guy Ezra, 21.09.2014 (in Hebrew)
  14. ^ Creation of a Francophone Lobby in the Knesset, Stephanie Bitan, 17.01.2014 (in French)
  15. ^ Gift Voucher Bill to Head to Knesset Vote, Gabriela Davidovich-Weisberg, 16.10.2013
  16. ^ Draft-Dodgers Ineligible for State Scholarships, Ido Ben-Porat and Tova Dvorin, 17.11.2014
  17. ^ MK Yoni Chetboun to Ami: ‘The Torah’s Values Take Precedence, The Yeshiva World News, 21.03.2014
  18. ^ MK Yoni Chetboun Delivering his Love your Neighbor as Yourself Speech, Youtube (in Hebrew)
  19. ^ Protocols of 0074x`he 126th Meeting of the 19th Knesset, (Word File) The Knesset. 11.03.2014.
  20. ^ Jewish Home MK to join Eli Yishai's new party, The Times of Israel, 15.12.2014.
  21. ^ Time to Come Together; Time for Yachad, Yoni Chetboun, 01.01.2015.
  22. ^ a b Kanaf Strategy, official website
  23. ^ Under Fire, Yediot Books (in Hebrew)
  24. ^ Only a Ground Operation will Topple the Terror, Yehuda Shelzinger, 17.06.2014 (in Hebrew)
  25. ^ Chetboun on Channel 2: To Defeat Hamas, Youtube (in Hebrew)
  26. ^ MK Chetboun: ‘A Country that Takes a Hit Must Respond’ Interview on Channel 2, Youtube (in Hebrew)