Yonkers, New York
|Corporation of the City of Yonkers|
Seen from the New Jersey Palisades in 2013
The Central City, The City of Gracious Living, The City of Seven Hills, The City with Vision, The Sixth Borough, The Terrace City
Location within Westchester County
Interactive map of Yonkers
|• Body||Yonkers City Council|
|• Mayor||Mike Spano (D)|
|• Total||20.30 sq mi (52.57 km2)|
|• Land||18.01 sq mi (46.65 km2)|
|• Water||2.28 sq mi (5.92 km2)|
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|• Total||195,976 US: 113th|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||11,148.51/sq mi (4,304.41/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0971828|
Yonkers (//) is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. Developed along the Hudson River, it is the fourth-most populous city in the state of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester. The population of Yonkers was 195,976 as enumerated in the 2010 United States Census; it is estimated to have increased by 2.2% to 200,370 in 2019. It is classified as an inner suburb of New York City, directly to the north of the Bronx and approximately two miles (3 km) north of the northernmost point in Manhattan.
Yonkers' downtown is centered on a plaza known as Getty Square, where the municipal government is located. The downtown area also houses significant local businesses and non-profits. It serves as a major retail hub for Yonkers and the northwest Bronx.
The city is home to several attractions, including Untermyer Park; Hudson River Museum; Saw Mill River daylighting, wherein a parking lot was removed to uncover a river; Science Barge; and Sherwood House. Yonkers Raceway, a harness racing track, renovated its grounds and clubhouse, and added legalized video slot machine gambling in 2006 in a "racino" called Empire City. This casino-style gambling added to the attraction of the track as a destination.
Major shopping areas are located in Getty Square, on South Broadway, at the Cross County Shopping Center and Westchester's Ridge Hill, and along Central Park Avenue, informally called "Central Ave" by area residents, a name it takes officially a few miles north in White Plains.
Yonkers is known as the "City of Seven Hills," which includes Park, Nodine, Ridge, Cross, Locust, Glen, and Church hills.
The land on which the city is built was once part of a Dutch 24,000-acre (97-square-kilometer) land grant called Colen Donck. It ran from the current Manhattan-Bronx border at Marble Hill northwards for 12 miles (19 km), and from the Hudson River eastwards to the Bronx River. In July 1645, this area was granted to Adriaen van der Donck, the patroon of Colendonck. Van der Donck was known locally as the Jonkheer or Jonker (etymologically, "young gentleman," derivation of old Dutch jong (young) and heer ("lord"); in effect, "Esquire"), a word from which the name "Yonkers" is directly derived. Van der Donck built a saw mill near where the confluence of Nepperhan Creek and the Hudson. The Nepperhan is now also known as the Saw Mill River. Van der Donck was killed in the Peach War. His wife, Mary Doughty, was taken captive by Native Americans and later ransomed.
Near the site of van der Donck's mill is Philipse Manor Hall, a Colonial-era manor house owned by Dutch colonists. Today the manor is preserved and operated as a museum and archive, offering many glimpses into life before the American Revolution. The original structure (later enlarged) was built around 1682 by Frederick Philipse and his wife Margaret Hardenbroeck. Philipse was a wealthy Dutchman who by the time of his death had amassed an enormous estate, which encompassed the entire modern City of Yonkers, as well as several other Hudson River towns. Philipse's great-grandson, Frederick Philipse III, was a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution. He had many economic ties to English businessmen, which also resulted in political ties. Because of his political leanings, he was forced to flee to England. The victorious rebels in New York state confiscated all the lands and property that belonged to the Philipse family and sold it.
For its first 200 years, Yonkers was a small farming town with an active industrial waterfront. Yonkers's later growth rested largely on developing industry. In 1853, Elisha Otis invented the first safety elevator and the Otis Elevator Company opened the first elevator factory in the world on the banks of the Hudson near what is now Vark Street. In the 1880s it relocated to larger quarters (now adapted and used as the Yonkers Public Library). Around the same time, the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company (in the Saw Mill River Valley) expanded to 45 buildings, 800 looms, and more than 4,000 workers. It was known as one of the premier carpet-producing centers in the world.
The community was incorporated as a village in the northern part of the Town of Yonkers in 1854 and as a city in 1872. In 1874 the southern part of the town, including Kingsbridge and Riverdale, was annexed by New York City as part of The Bronx. In 1898, Yonkers (along with Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island) voted on a referendum to determine if they wanted to become part of New York City. While the results were positive elsewhere, the returns were so negative in Yonkers and neighboring Mount Vernon that those two areas were not included in the consolidated city and remained independent. Still, some residents call Yonkers "the Sixth Borough," referring to its location on the New York City border, its urban character, and the failed merger vote.
During the American Civil War, 254 Yonkers residents joined the US Army and Navy. They enlisted primarily in four different regiments. These included the 6th New York Heavy Artillery, the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, the 17th New York Volunteers, and the 15th NY National Guard. During the New York City Draft Riots, Yonkers formed the Home Guards. This force of constables was formed to protect Yonkers from rioting that was feared to spread from New York City, but it never did. In total, seventeen Yonkers residents were killed during the Civil War.
From 1888, the New York City and Northern Railway Company (later the New York Central Railroad) connected Yonkers to Manhattan and points north. A three-mile spur to Getty Square operated until 1943.
Aside from being a manufacturing center, Yonkers played a key role in the development of sports recreation in the United States. In 1888, Scottish-born John Reid founded the first golf course in the United States, St. Andrew's Golf Club, in Yonkers.
Bakelite, the first completely synthetic plastic, was invented in Yonkers circa 1906 by Leo Baekeland, and manufactured there until the late 1920s. Today, two of the former Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company loft buildings located at 540 and 578 Nepperhan Avenue have been repurposed to house the YoHo Artist Community. This collective group of artists works out of private studios there.
During World War I, a total of 6,909 Yonkers residents entered military service. This was approximately seven percent of the population.:vi Most Yonkers men joined either the 27th Division or the 77th Division.:6 In total one hundred thirty-seven Yonkers residents were killed during the war.:77 Among the survivors of the U.S.S. President Lincoln, a Navy transport ship sunk during the war, were seventeen sailors from Yonkers.:15
Civilians helped in the war effort by joining organizations such as the American Red Cross. In 1916, there were one hundred twenty-six people in the Yonkers chapter of the Red Cross. By the end of the war, 15,358 Yonkers residents were members of the chapter. Mostly women, they prepared surgical dressings, created hospital garments for the wounded, and knit articles of clothing for refugees and soldiers. Besides joining the Red Cross, residents of Yonkers donated to various war drives. The total amount raised for these drives was $19,255,255.:23–24
Early in the 20th century, Yonkers also hosted a brass era automobile maker, Colt Runabout Company. Although the vehickle reportedly performed well, the company went under. Yonkers was the headquarters of the Waring Hat Company, at the time the nation's largest hat manufacturer. During World War II, the city's factories were converted to produce items for the war effort, such as tents and blankets by the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Factory, and tanks by the Otis Elevator factory. After World War II, however, increased competition from less expensive imports resulted in a decline in manufacturing in Yonkers' numerous industrial jobs were lost. The Alexander Smith Carpet Company, one of the city's largest employers, ceased operation during a labor dispute in June 1954.
In 1983, the Otis Elevator Factory finally closed its doors. With the loss of such jobs, Yonkers became primarily a residential city. Some neighborhoods, such as Crestwood and Park Hill, became popular with wealthy New Yorkers who wished to live outside Manhattan without giving up urban conveniences. Yonkers's excellent transportation infrastructure, including three commuter railroad lines (now two: the Harlem and Hudson Lines), and five parkways and thruways, made it a desirable city in which to live. It is a 15-minute drive from Manhattan and has numerous prewar homes and apartment buildings, Yonkers's manufacturing sector has also shown a resurgence in the early 21st century.
On January 4, 1940, Yonkers resident Edwin Howard Armstrong transmitted the first FM radio broadcast (on station W2XCR) from the Yonkers home of C.R. Runyon, a co-experimenter. Yonkers had the longest running pirate radio station, owned by Allan Weiner, which operated during the 1970s through the 1980s.
In 1942, a short subway connection was planned between Getty Square and the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, which terminates in Riverdale at 242nd Street slightly south of the city line. The plan was dropped.
In 1960, the Census Bureau reported Yonkers's population as 95.8% white and 4.0% black. The city's struggles with racial discrimination and segregation were highlighted in a decades-long federal lawsuit. After a 1985 decision and an unsuccessful appeal, Yonkers's schools were integrated in 1988. Federal judge Leonard B. Sand ruled that Yonkers had engaged in institutional segregation in housing and school policies for over 40 years. He tied the illegal concentration of public housing and private housing discrimination to the city's resistance to ending racial isolation in its public schools.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Yonkers developed a national reputation for racial tension, based on a long-term battle between the city and the NAACP over the building of subsidized low-income housing projects in the city. The city planned to use federal funding for urban renewal efforts within Downtown Yonkers exclusively; other groups, led by the NAACP, believed that the resulting concentration of low-income housing in traditionally poor neighborhoods would perpetuate poverty. Although the City of Yonkers had been warned in 1971 by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development against further building of low-income housing in west Yonkers, it continued to support subsidized housing in this area between 1972 and 1977.
Yonkers gained national/international attention during the summer of 1988, when it reneged on its previous agreement to build promised municipal public housing in the eastern portions of the city, an agreement it had made in a consent decree after losing an appeal in 1987. After its reversal, the city was found in contempt of the federal courts. Judge Sand imposed a fine on Yonkers which started at $100 and doubled every day, capped at $1 million per day by an appeals court, until the city capitulated to the federally mandated plan.
Yonkers remained in contempt of court until September 9, 1988. The City Council relented in the wake of having to close the library and cutback on sanitation measures because of paying the fines. It also was considering having to make massive city layoffs which would have adversely affected its ability to provide services to the upper classes it was trying to retain. First-term mayor Nicholas C. Wasicsko fought to save the city from financial disaster and bring about unity. Yonkers's youngest mayor (elected at age 28), Wasicsko struggled in city politics. It was scarred with the stigma of the "Balkanization of Yonkers". He succeeded in helping to end the city's contempt of the courts, but was voted out of office as a result. His story is the subject of a miniseries called Show Me a Hero, which aired on HBO in 2015. It was adapted from the 1999 nonfiction book of the same name by former New York Times writer, Lisa Belkin.
A Kawasaki railroad cars assembly plant opened in 1986 in the former Otis plant. It produces the new R142A, R143, R160B, and R188 cars for the New York City Subway, and the PA4 and PA5 series for PATH.
Today, Yonkers is a diverse community, with residents of many ethnicities. Hispanics are prominent in Yonkers, including large populations of Dominicans and Puerto Ricans. Also prominent is the African-American community, many of whom migrated north to Yonkers during the Great Migration from the South from the 1930s to 1970.
The Irish-American community also has roots in Yonkers, and the city hosts one of the nation's oldest St. Patrick's Day parades. The city has a large Italian-American community, and the city hosts a large Columbus Day festival with a "Miss Italian-American" pageant. Yonkers also has a significant Portuguese population.
Yonkers also has a large Slavic community. In the early and mid-20th century a large number of people immigrated to the US from Poland, Ukraine, Czechoslovakia, Russia, and Croatia, settling in the New York area where industrial jobs were available. Since the late 20th century, a new wave of immigrants from the former Yugoslavia have settled in Yonkers. The Slavic community is centered around St. Casimir's Roman Catholic Church, Most Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church, Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church, and St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church. The city also has a stanytsia (branch) of Plast.
Yonkers also has a large Arab population, who make up a high percentage of Arabic speakers in the city. Mostcome from the Levant region, mainly from Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon, and are of the Christian faith. The Jordanian Americans have three churches in the city: Virgin Mary Orthodox Church, St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, and Christ the Savior Melkite Church. The ancestors of the current community immigrated to Yonkers in the late 1940s and has since continued a steady growth.
There was once a significant Jewish population made up of earlier immigrants. (The Broadway plays Lost in Yonkers and Hello Dolly take place within the Yonkers Jewish community). Its numbers have since dwindled as succeeding generations have moved to more distant suburbs.
In the 2000s, some areas of Yonkers that border similar neighborhoods in Riverdale, Bronx began seeing an influx of Orthodox Jews. Subsequently, Riverdale Hatzalah Volunteer Ambulance Service began serving some neighborhoods in the southwest section of the city. There is also a small Jewish cemetery, the Sherwood Park Cemetery.
The city is spread out over hills rising from near sea level at the eastern bank of the Hudson River to 416 feet (126 m) at Sacred Heart Church, whose spire can be seen from Long Island, New York City, and New Jersey.
The city occupies 20.3 square miles (52.6 km²), including 18.1 square miles (46.8 km²) of land and 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²) (11.02%) of water, according to the United States Census Bureau. The Bronx River separates Yonkers from Mount Vernon, Tuckahoe, Eastchester, Bronxville, and Scarsdale to the east. The town of Greenburgh is to the north, and the Hudson River forms the western border.
On the south, Yonkers borders the Riverdale, Woodlawn, and Wakefield sections of The Bronx. In addition, the southernmost point of Yonkers is 2 miles (3 kilometres) north of the northernmost point of Manhattan when measured from Broadway & Caryl Avenue in Yonkers to Broadway & West 228th Street in the Marble Hill section of Manhattan.
Much of the city developed around the Saw Mill River. This enters Yonkers from the north and flows into the Hudson River in the Getty Square neighborhood. Portions of the Saw Mill River that were earlier buried in flumes beneath parking lots are being uncovered, or "daylighted". This promotes the restoration of habitat for plants, fish and other fauna.
|Historical sources: 1790-1990|
|Black or African American||16.0%||14.1%||6.4%||3.2%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||34.7%||16.7%||3.5%||N/A|
As of the census of 2010, there were 195,976 people in the city. The population density was 10,827.4 people per square mile (4,187.5/km²). There were 80,839 housing units at an average density of 4,466.2 per square mile (1,727.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.8% White, 18.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.7% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. 34.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any racial background. Non-Hispanic Whites were 41.4% of the population in 2010, down from 89.9% in 1970.
There were 74,351 households out of which 30.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them in 2000, 44.2% are married couples living together, 17.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% are non-families. 29.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.23.
In 2000, the city the population is spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 25, 30.6% from 25 to 45, 21.2% from 45 to 65, and 15.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females, there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,663 in 2000, and the median income for a family is $53,233. Males have a median income of $41,598 versus $34,756 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,793. 15.5% of the population and 13.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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Though Yonkers contains many small residential enclaves and communities, it can conveniently be divided into four quarters, demarcated by the Saw Mill River. There are 37 or more distinct neighborhoods, though many of these names are rarely used today except by older residents and real-estate brokers.
Northeast Yonkers is a primarily Irish-American and Italian-American area. House sizes vary widely, from small houses set close together, to larger homes in areas like Lawrence Park West and mid-rise apartment buildings along Central Avenue (NY 100). Central Avenue (officially named Central Park Avenue) provides an abundance of shopping for Yonkers residents. Shopping centers along Central Avenue include stores such as Best Buy, Burlington Coat Factory, Kohl's, Bob's Furniture and Barnes & Noble, as well as many other stores and restaurants. Notable former residents include Steven Tyler (born Steven Tallarico) of the rock band Aerosmith, whose childhood home was just off Central Avenue on Pembrook Drive.
Northeast Yonkers contains the upscale neighborhoods of Crestwood, Colonial Heights, and Cedar Knolls, as well as the wealthy enclaves of Beech Hill and Lawrence Park West. It also contains a gated community off the eastern edge of the Grassy Sprain Reservoir known as Winchester Villages. Landmarks include St Vladimir's Seminary, as well as Sarah Lawrence College, and the Tanglewood Shopping Center (one-time home of The Tanglewood Boys gang). Northeast Yonkers is somewhat more expensive than the rest of the city, and due to the proximity of several Metro-North commuter railroad stations, its residents tend to be employed in corporate positions in Manhattan.
Northwest Yonkers is a collection of widely varying neighborhoods, spanning from the Hudson River to around the New York State Thruway/I-87 and from Ashburton Avenue north to the Hastings-on-Hudson border. With the Hudson River bordering it to the west, this area has many Victorian-era homes with panoramic views of the Palisades. An interest in historic preservation has taken hold in this neighborhood in recent years,[when?] as demonstrated on streets like Shonnard Terrace, Delavan Terrace, and Hudson Terrace.
Neighborhoods include Nepera Park, Runyon Heights, Homefield, Glenwood, and Greystone. Landmarks include the Hudson River Museum, the Lenoir Nature Preserve, and the nationally recognized Untermyer Park and Gardens. The significant amount of surviving Victorian architecture and 19th-century estates in northwest Yonkers has attracted many filmmakers in recent years. In fact, the Untermyer Park and Gardens is not only Yonkers hidden gem but is the number one attraction in Westchester County.
The two block section of Palisade Avenue between Chase and Roberts Avenues in northwest Yonkers is colloquially known as "the north end" or "the end". It was and still is the only retail area in the neighborhood, and was well known for an original soda fountain store, "Urich's," and Robbins Pharmacy. It was once the end of the #2 trolley line, which has since been replaced by a Bee-line Bus route. One part of Yonkers that is sometimes overlooked is Nepera Park. This is a small section at the northern part of Nepperhan Avenue on the Hastings-on-Hudson border. Nepperhan Avenue in Nepera Park is also a major shopping district for the area.
Southeast Yonkers is mostly Irish-American (many of the Irish being native born) and Italian-American. Many of the businesses and type of architecture in southeast Yonkers bear a greater resemblance to certain parts of the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, or Staten Island than to points north. Southeastern Yonkers is largely within walking distance of the Woodlawn and Wakefield sections of the Bronx. Many residents regard eastern McLean Avenue, home to a vibrant Irish community shared with Woodlawn, to be the true hub of Yonkers.
Similarly, a portion of Midland Avenue in the Dunwoodie section has been called the "Little Italy" of Yonkers. Landmarks of southeastern Yonkers include the Cross County Shopping Center, Yonkers Raceway, and St. Joseph's Seminary in the Dunwoodie neighborhood, which was visited by Pope John Paul II in October 1995 and later by Pope Benedict XVI in April 2008.
Getty Square is Yonkers' downtown and the civic center and central business district of the city. Much of southwest Yonkers grew densely along the multiple railroads and trolley (now bus) lines along South Broadway and in Getty Square, connecting to New York City. Clusters of apartment buildings surrounded the stations of the Yonkers branch of the New York and Putnam Railroad and the Third Avenue Railway trolley lines and these buildings still remain although now served by the Bee-Line Bus System. The railroad companies themselves built neighborhoods of mixed housing types ranging from apartment buildings to large mansions in areas like Park Hill wherein the railroad also built a funicular to connect it with the train station in the valley. This traditionally African-American and white area has seen a tremendous influx of immigrants from Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, South Asia, and the Middle East. Off South Broadway and Yonkers Avenue one can find residential neighborhoods, such as Lowerre, Nodine Hill, Park Hill, and Hudson Park (off the Hudson River) with a mix of building styles ranging from dense clusters of apartment buildings, blocks of retail with apartments above, multifamily row houses, and detached single-family homes.
Other neighborhoods of these types, although with a larger number of detached houses, are Ludlow Park, Hudson Park, and Van Cortlandt Crest, off Riverdale Avenue next to the border with Riverdale.
The area is also home to significant historical and educational institutions including the historic Philipse Manor Hall (a New York State Historic Site that houses one of three papier-mache ceilings in the United States), The Science Barge, Beczak Environmental Education Center, and a 2003 Yonkers Public Library.
Many residents are of African, Caribbean, Italian, or Mexican descent while an influx those from other cultural backgrounds has continued to shape a culturally diverse community. Some neighborhoods right on the Riverdale border are increasingly becoming home to Orthodox Jews. The revitalization of the Getty Square area has helped to nurture growth for Southwest Yonkers.
In the early 2000s several new luxury apartment buildings were built along the Hudson. There is also a new "Sculpture Meadow on the Hudson," renovation of a Victorian-era pier, and a new public library housed in the remodeled Otis elevator factory. Peter Kelly's award-winning fine dining restaurant X20 - Xaviars on Hudson is located at the renovated pier with much success. There are new proposals along with the current projects which are intended to revitalize downtown Yonkers.
Yonkers is governed via a mayor-council system. The Yonkers City Council consists of seven members, six each elected from one of six districts, as well as a Council President to preside over the council. The mayor and city council president are elected in a citywide vote. The current mayor is Democrat Mike Spano and the Council President is Michael Khader.
Yonkers is typically a Democratic stronghold just like the rest of Westchester County and most of New York state on the national level. In 1992, Yonkers voted for George H. W. Bush over Bill Clinton and Ross Perot for president, but has voted solidly Democratic ever since. At a local level, recent mayors of Yonkers have included Republicans Phil Amicone and John Spencer, while the Yonkers City Council has mostly been controlled by Republicans. In the State Assembly, Yonkers is represented by Democrats J. Gary Pretlow and Nader Sayegh, and in the New York State Senate, by Democrats Andrea Stewart-Cousins and Shelley Mayer. At the federal level, Democratic representative Eliot Engel represents the city.
Public schools in Yonkers are operated by Yonkers Public Schools.
Sarah Lawrence College, which gives its address as Bronxville, NY 10708, is actually located in Yonkers. Westchester Community College operates a number of extension centers in Yonkers, with the largest one at the Cross County Shopping Center.
Libraries are operated by the Yonkers Public Library.
The Japanese School of New York was located in Yonkers for one year; on August 18, 1991 the school moved from Yonkers to Queens, New York City and on September 1, 1992 classes began at its current location in Greenwich, Connecticut.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York operates Catholic schools in Westchester County. St. Peter's Catholic Elementary School at 204 Hawthorne Avenue, founded by the Sisters of Charity, celebrated its 100th anniversary in September 2011. St. Casimir School in Yonkers closed in 2013.
Bus service in Yonkers is provided by Westchester County Bee-Line Bus System, the second-largest bus system in New York State, along with some MTA Bus Company express routes to Manhattan. Yonkers is the top origin and destination for the Bee-Line Bus service area, including Westchester and the northern Bronx, with the Getty Square intermodal hub seeing passenger levels in the millions annually.
Yonkers is served by two heavy-rail commuter lines. Hudson Line Metro-North Railroad stations provide commuter service to New York City: Ludlow, Yonkers, Glenwood and Greystone. The Yonkers station is also served by Amtrak. All of the named Empire Service trains except the Lake Shore Limited serve the Yonkers station. Several Harlem Line stations are on or very near the city's eastern border. These include Wakefield, Mt. Vernon West, Fleetwood, Bronxville, Tuckahoe and Crestwood. A third commuter line dating from the late 19th century, the Putnam Division, was shut down in phases with the final passenger trains making their last runs in 1958.
Roads and paths
Major limited-access roads in Yonkers include Interstate 87 (the New York State Thruway), the Saw Mill, Bronx River, Sprain Brook and Cross County parkways. US 9, NY 9A and 100 are important surface streets.
The main line of the former New York and Putnam Railroad running through the middle of Yonkers has been converted into a paved walking and bicycling path, called the South County Trailway. It runs north–south in Yonkers from the Hastings-on-Hudson border in the north to the Bronx border in the south at Van Cortlandt Park where it is unpaved as of 2014[update] and is referred to as the Putnam Trail.
The historic Croton Aqueduct tunnel has a hard-packed dirt trail, called the Old Croton Aqueduct Trailway, running above it for most of its length in Yonkers, with a few on-street routes on the edge of the Getty Square neighborhood.
The city of Yonkers is protected by 459 firefighters of the city of Yonkers Fire Department (YFD), under the command of a Fire Commissioner and 3 Deputy Chiefs. Founded in 1896, the YFD operates out of 11 Fire Stations, located throughout the city in 2 Battalions, under the command of 1 Assistant Chief each shift. The Yonkers Fire Department operates a fire apparatus fleet of 10 Engine Companies, 6 Ladder Companies, 1 Squad (rescue-pumper) Company, 1 Rescue Company, 1 Fireboat, 1 Air Cascade Unit, 1 USAR (Urban Search And Rescue) Collapse Unit, 1 Foam Unit, 1 Haz-Mat Unit, and numerous special, support, and reserve units. The YFD responds to approximately 16,000 emergency calls annually.
According to Yonkers' 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the principal employers in the city are;
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|3||Liberty Lines Transit||692|
|4||Leake and Watts Services||615|
|5||POP Displays USA||538|
|9||American Sugar Refining||331|
|11||Mindspark Interactive Network||150|
- Richard Joel, president of Yeshiva University
- John Howard Northrop (1891-1987), co-recipient of 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American mathematician and electrical engineer
- Elisha Otis, inventor of the safety elevator and Otis Elevator Company
- Alexander Smith, founder of Alexander Smith & Sons Carpet Company
- Carlos Alazraqui (born 1962), actor, stand-up comedian and impressionist
- Joseph Alfidi (1949-2015), classical pianist
- Edwin Howard Armstrong (1890-1954), transmitted first FM radio broadcast
- Charlie Benante (born 1962), musician best known as the drummer for thrash metal band Anthrax, as well as crossover thrashband Stormtroopers of Death.
- Mary J. Blige (born 1971), R&B singer
- Sid Caesar, actor and comedian
- Cathy DeBuono, actress, psychotherapist, radio personality
- DMX, rapper, actor
- Klement Tinaj, actor
- Ella Fitzgerald, singer
- Thomas Mikal Ford, actor
- Frances Foster, actress
- Michael Fox (1921-1996), character actor who played Saul Feinberg on the daytime soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful.
- Joe Howard, actor
- Immolation, Death metal band
- Jadakiss, rapper, member of The LOX
- Ekrem Jevrić, Montenegrin singer, rapper
- Gene Krupa (1909-1973), drummer
- Clayton LeBouef (born 1954), actor
- Stagga Lee (born 1977), musician
- W.C. Handy, composer and musician
- Sheek Louch (born 1976), rapper, member of The LOX
- Linda Lovelace (1949-2002), star of 1972 "porno chic" film Deep Throat
- Richard Masur (born 1948), actor
- Joe Minoso, actor
- Lawrence Monoson (born 1964), actor
- Cathy Moriarty (born 1960), actress who appeared in Raging Bull.
- Outasight, singer, rapper
- Erik Palladino, actor
- Kevin Puts, Pulitzer Prize-winning composer
- Will Rahmer, musician
- Adam Rodriguez, actor
- Robert Shayne, actor
- Avery Storm, R&B singer
- Styles P, Rapper, member of The LOX
- Chip Taylor, songwriter (brother of Jon Voight)
- Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers and reality television personality on American Chopper
- Steven Tyler, musician, member of Aerosmith
- Jon Voight, Oscar-winning actor, father of Angelina Jolie
- Tom Wolk, Hall & Oates session musician
- David Berkowitz (born 1953), serial killer known as the Son of Sam
- Michael Burns (born 1947), actor, historian and horse breeder, reared in Yonkers from 1949 to 1956
- James Comey, director of the FBI
- Rudolf Eickemeyer, Jr., photographer
- Ron Garan, astronaut
- Lewis Hine, photographer
- Ethel D. Jacobs, thoroughbred racehorse owner
- Henrietta Wells Livermore (1864-1933), women's suffragist leader
- Michaela Odone (c. 1930–1992, née Murphy), mother of Lorenzo Odone, for whom Lorenzo's oil is named.
- Sally Regenhard, community activist
- Joe Ruback, license plate guy
- Barbara Segal, Artist and stone carver 
- Betty Shabazz, widow of civil rights leader Malcolm X
- Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck, (c. 1618, 1655)
- Samuel Untermyer, Prominent lawyer and civic leader known for bequeathing his Yonkers, New York estate, now known as Untermyer Park and Gardens, to the people of Yonkers.
- William F. Bleakley (1883-1969), attorney, judge and politician who was the first Westchester County Executive.
- Alfred DelBello, Mayor of Yonkers
- Mike Spano, Mayor of Yonkers
- Samuel J. Tilden, former Governor of New York and winner of the popular vote in the disputed Presidential Election of 1876
- Nick Wasicsko, mayor during low-income housing controversy, 1988–1989; John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award runner-up
- Malcolm Wilson, former Governor of New York
- James Blake (born 1979), tennis player
- Billy Burch (1900-1950), professional hockey player who was the first American-born player to win the Hart Trophy
- Dave Costa, NFL player, Saunders HS 1957–1959
- Doug DeWitt, professional boxer
- Tommy Dreamer, professional wrestler
- Ralph Goldstein (1913–1997), Olympic épée fencer
- Nealon Greene, professional football player (CFL)
- Sean Kilpatrick, professional basketball player
- Eddie Kingston, professional wrestler
- Allan Kwartler (1917–1998), sabre and foil fencer, Pan American Games and Maccabiah Games champion
- Joe Lapchick (1900-1970), basketball coach.
- Ryan Meara (born 1990), professional soccer player
- Joe Panik, professional baseball player
- Floyd Patterson, champion heavyweight boxer
- Eulace Peacock, track and field athlete who defeated Jesse Owens in sprints
- Vincent Richards, professional tennis player
- Steve Ridzik, professional baseball player
- Brian Sweeney, professional baseball player
- Salvatore Tripoli, Olympic boxer
- George Wright, baseball pioneer
- Mike Breen (born 1961), sports broadcaster
- Mary Calvi, news anchor
- Robert Celestino, writer and director
- Tiziano Thomas Dossena, writer, editor
- Tawny Godin, Miss America 1976, TV journalist (Tawny Little)
- Patrick Quinlan, author, activist
- Elsie B. Washington, author
In popular culture
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- In the 1925 popular song "If You Knew Susie", the narrator drives his girlfriend Susie to Yonkers from which he had to walk home.
- In the Depression-era film Don't Tell the Wife (1937) Guy Kibbee's character, Malcolm J. Winthrop, lives in Yonkers. One of the characters jokes that going to jail is "better than Yonkers."
- In the Twilight Zone episode, "What's in the Box" (1964) William Demarest's character, cab driver Joe Britt, mentions Yonkers as one of his customers' locations as a reason for coming home late from work.
- Yonkers is the setting of two feature films by local filmmaker Robert Celestino: Mr. Vincent, a 1997 Sundance Film entrant in the non-competition Spectrum section, and Yonkers Joe, a scheduled 2009 release by Magnolia Pictures, starring Chazz Palminteri and Christine Lahti. Yonkers' locations also provide the setting for A Tale of Two Pizzas, a "Romeo and Juliet" theme played out among two rival pizza owners.
- The documentary Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story described racial discrimination and housing segregation in Yonkers.
- Ask a Greek (1998)
- The film Doubt, starring Meryl Streep as Sister Aloysius Beauvier, filmed scenes at St. Marks Lutheran Church's school.
- Yonkers is also the location for many major filming projects: Catch Me if You Can, with Tom Hanks and Leonardo DiCaprio; Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, with Jim Carrey and Kate Winslet; Mona Lisa Smile, with Julia Roberts; A Beautiful Mind, with Russell Crowe, Big Daddy, with Adam Sandler, The Preacher's Wife (a remake of The Bishop's Wife), with Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston; and Kate and Leopold, with Meg Ryan and Hugh Jackman. Some TV series' episodes of Fringe, The Blacklist, and The Following were taped in the downtown area. the City Hall Courtroom is also the setting for many film scenes and commercials.
- Yonkers was also used as a filming location in the movie Riding in Cars with Boys.
- In Max Brooks's novel, World War Z, the US armed forces are defeated in the Battle of Yonkers by a horde of zombies.
- Yonkers is one of the settings in the musical Hello Dolly!
- A character in the musical Gypsy: A Musical Fable is named after Yonkers.
- Neil Simon's play Lost In Yonkers, set in the city. The story is about two young boys during World War II, whose father leaves them with their grandmother in Yonkers so he can earn money for the family.
- Yonkers was shown on A Shot at Love 2 with Tila Tequila as it was contestant Kristy's hometown.
- Yonkers is mentioned in Bon Jovi's song "Raise Your Hands".
- In 2011, rapper Tyler, The Creator of Odd Future released his song "Yonkers," named after the city.
- On October 21, 2011, filming for the movie Disconnect (2012) took place at the Cross County Shopping Center.
- The HBO miniseries Show Me a Hero takes place, and was filmed, in Yonkers.
Twin towns and sister cities
Yonkers is twinned with:
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Yonkers, New York
- Westchester County, New York
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Yonkers". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- Erik (August 19, 2009). "Interactive Map: Dutch Place Names in New York | Dutch New York". Thirteen.org. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- Nevius, Michelle & Nevius, James (2009), Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City, New York: Free Press, ISBN 141658997X, p.177-78
- Atkins, Thomas Astley (1892). Yonkers in the Rebellion 1861-1965. The Yonkers Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Association. pp. 21–73.
- Kinlock, Ken. "New York Central\'s Putnam Division". kinglyheirs.com.
- "Ryder Cup: Painting celebrates Dunfermline links to American golf". BBC. Retrieved December 29, 2014
- Heitman, Charles E. (1911). "The Home Problem in Great Cities and How Engineering Achievement is Solving It". Cassier's Magazine. Cassier's Magazine.
- Fallon, Bill (March 3, 2008). "Industrial Arts: Carpet Mills Become Studio Central," Westchester County Business Journal, p. 49.
- Yonkers in the World War. Norwood, Mass.: The Plimpton Press. 1922.
- No apparent relation to Colt's Patent Firearms. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.63.
- "Wants Subway Extended: Yonkers Mayor to Ask City to Take Over N.Y.C. Branch" (PDF). New York Times. June 27, 1942. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- Raskin, Joseph B. (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. doi:10.5422/fordham/9780823253692.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-82325-369-2.
- "New York - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
- Esannson, Harold; Bagwell, Vinnie (1993). A Study of African-American Life in Yonkers From the Turn of the Century. Harold Esannson. p. 50.
- "Leonard B. Sand, Judge in Landmark Yonkers Segregation Case, Dies at 88". New York Times. December 5, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
- "Riverdale Hatzalah". riverdalehatzalah.org.
- "Sherwood Park Cemetery, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, United States - Nearby Cities, Nearby Cemeteries and Genealogy Resources - Histopolis". Test.histopolis.com. November 21, 2012. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Wordsmith.org -- Online Chat with Paul Dickson". wordsmith.org.
- Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 6, 2013.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- "Yonkers (city), New York". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- "Yonkers Victorian Homes". victoriansource.com.
- "Welcome to the Yonkers Public Library!-Hours and Directions". Ypl.org. December 7, 2008. Archived from the original on July 29, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
- Johnson, Liz (February 3, 2010). 'No Reservations' Hudson Valley Style: Tony Bourdain and Bill Murray Dine at X20. "Small Bites: Food Finds in the Lower Hudson Valley". Accessed February 6, 2011.
- X2O Xaviars On The Hudson. Xaviars Restaurant Group. Accessed July 13, 2015.
- "Sarah Lawrence College. A Deeper Education". Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- haasdesign: Renee Haas. "History". The Village of Bronxville. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Page not found - Westchester Community College". sunywcc.edu. Archived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "本校の歩み Archived January 17, 2014, at Archive.today." The Japanese School of New York. Retrieved on January 10, 2012. "1980.12.22 Queens Ｆlushing校に移転。" and "1991.8.18. Westchester Yonkers校へ移転。" and "1992.9.1 Connecticut Greenwich校へ移転。 授業開始。"
- Otterman, Sharon (January 23, 2013). "New York Archdiocese to Close 24 Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- List of U.S. cities with most households without a car
- "Bee-Line System On-Board Survey" (PDF). Transportation.westchestergov.com.
- Strauss, Michael (September 13, 1981). "MEMORIES CLICK ALONG THE PUTNAM LINE". The New York Times.
- New York Water Taxi. "Ferry Between Manhattan and Yonkers Is Set to Stop", The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "Yonkers bike-share program launching by end of May". Lohud.com. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
- List of Fire Stations; City of Yonkers. Archived December 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "List of Fire Department Apparatus; City of Yonkers". Yonkersny.gov. Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- City of Yonkers CAFR
- "Dr. John H. Northrop, Nobel Laureate, Dies", The New York Times, July 16, 1987. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Born in Yonkers, N.Y. in 1891, Dr. Northrop earned a B.S. degree from Columbia College in 1912."
- De Rubio, Dave Gil. "Carlos Alazraqui Revisits Rocko’s Modern Life", Long Island Weekly, September 6, 2018. Accessed September 22, 2019. "In returning to this breakout role and being able to work with his friends again, the Yonkers native was quick to point out that no one missed a beat."
- Kenneson, Charles. Musical Prodigies: Perilous Journeys, Remarkable Lives, p. 279. Hal Leonard Corporation, 1998. ISBN 9781574670462. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Thus wrote Michael Privitello, Joey Alfidi's music tutor, about the triple-threat musician who was pianist, composer, and conductor. Born in Yonkers, New York, on 28 May 1949, Joey was the son of American-born parents of Italian descent."
- Edwin H. Armstrong papers, 1886-1982 bulk 1912-1954, Columbia University Libraries. Accessed September 22, 2019. "In 1902, the Armstrong family moved north, to 1032 Warburton Avenue, in Yonkers, New York."
- Knopper, Steve. "Anthrax still making rock intensely, dude", Chicago Tribune, May 16, 2003. Accessed September 22, 2019. "'The whole Public Enemy thing we did was way ahead of its time and we were on the cusp of something. It took a couple of years after that for people to actually digest it,' says Charlie Benante, the 22-year-old band's founding drummer, by phone from his home in Yonkers, N.Y."
- Daniels, Karu F. "'Reminisce': 25 Years Later, Mary J. Blige, Queen of Hip-Hop Soul Reigns Supreme; The '411' On Mary J. Blige's Groundbreaking Debut", NBC News, September 5, 2017. Accessed September 22, 2019. "It’s been a long and winding — and yet triumphant — road since a street-savvy, aspiring singer from Yonkers’ Schlobohm housing projects came to the attention of Uptown Records executives via a karaoke style cassette tape of her singing Anita Baker’s ‘Caught Up in the Rapture.'... The young woman’s birth name was Mary Jane Blige and she had a look and sound that was quite a polarizing contrast to what the record industry grew comfortable with for a black R&B vocalist."
- "Michael Fox, 75, An Actor in Film, TV and Theater", The New York Times, June 10, 1996. Accessed September 23, 2019. "He was born in Yonkers, and began acting in the theater, appearing on Broadway in the 1947 play "The Story of Mary Surratt," which starred Lillian Gish."
- Wilson, John S. "Gene Krupa, Revolutionary Drummer, Dies", The New York Times, October 17, 1973. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Gene Krupa, who changed the drummer in jazz bands from a timekeeper to a soloist through his flamboyant performances in Benny Goodman's orchestra in the nineteenthirties, died yesterday at his home in Yonkers."
- Chattin, Gena R. "Starring Clayton Lebouef", The Baltimore Sun, February 8, 2007. Accessed September 23, 2019. "LeBouef, 52 and a native of Yonkers, N.Y., is likely to stay in the Baltimore-Washington area, where he says great things are happening in film and television."
- "Happy Birthday To Yonkers' Eric Newman", Yonkers Daily Voice, July 4, 2014. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Newman, who was born in Yonkers, turns 37 on Friday. Newman, a rapper, better-known by his stage name Stagga Lee, was born July 4, 1977."
- Cohen, Ian. "Styles P would like us to live healthy lifestyles, please; One of the grimiest rappers ever to do it is on a mission to bring healthy food to New York’s overlooked neighborhoods.", The Outline (website), March 25, 2018. Accessed September 23, 2019. "As both a solo artist and a member of The LOX alongside his Yonkers compatriots Jadakiss and Sheek Louch, Styles P excelled at airing out his frustrations in his lyrics."
- Martin, Douglas. "Linda Boreman, 53, Known For 1972 Film Deep Throat", The New York Times, April 24, 2002. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Linda Boreman was born in the Bronx on Jan. 10, 1949, and moved to Yonkers when she was 3."
- Barron, Sam. "TV, Movie Star Richard Masur Now Leads Croton Democrats", Cortlandt Daily Voice, July 25, 2016. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Masur grew up in Yonkers and went to camp at Croton Point Park."
- Bennetts, Leslie. "The Blond From The Bronx Returns", The New York Times, December 13, 1981. Accessed September 23, 2019. "The third of seven children, Miss Moriarty was born in the Bronx, the daughter of a warehouseman for National Cold Storage in Brooklyn. When Cathy was 5, the family moved to Yonkers, where she attended parochial schools."
- Kilgannon, Corey. "Yes, Son of Sam Slept Here", The New York Times, February 15, 2007. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Yonkers — The name has been changed. So has the address. But still, 30 years after 1977 — the so-called Summer of Sam — they still stop and stare."
- Henrietta Wells Livermore Years, Hudson River Valley Institute. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Residence: Yonkers, NY"
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Michaela Odone, 61, the Lorenzo's Oi'l' Mother", The New York Times, June 13, 2000. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Michaela Murphy was born in Yonkers."
- Brenner, Elsa. "The Law; Who Will Be the New Al Pirro?", The New York Times, January 7, 2001. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Bleakley Platt & Schmidt was founded in 1937 by William F. Bleakley of Yonkers and Livingston Platt of Rye."
- Slater, Chuck. "For The Record; A Pro Tennis Player Who Began in Yonkers", The New York Times, March 10, 2002. Accessed September 22, 2019. "James Blake, who grew up in Yonkers, went to Harvard, he was nationally ranked as the No. 1 player in the United States Tennis Associaton's 18 and under division."
- Peters, Chris. "Patrick Kane becomes NHL's first MVP born and raised in the United States Kane was the overwhelming selection for the Hart Trophy after his 106-point season", CBS Sports, June 23, 2016. Accessed September 22, 2019. "The first American-born player to win the Hart was actually Billy Burch, who was born in Yonkers, N.Y., and won the award in 1925."
- Associated Press. "Ralph Goldstein, 83, Olympian With Lasting Passion for Fencing", The New York Times, July 28, 1997. Accessed February 7, 2018. "Mr. Goldstein, who was born Oct. 6, 1913, in Malden, Mass., and grew up on the Lower East Side, attended Brooklyn College and had lived in Yonkers since 1948."
- Allan Kwartler - Fencing, CIty of Yonkers. Accessed September 23, 2019. "In 1955 he was selected for the Pan American Team and was on the winning sabre squad. In 1958 he moved to Yonkers and the following year was again selected for the Pan American Team, winning the gold medal in the Pan American Sabre Championships."
- Vecsey, George. "Joe Lapchick, St. John's and Knick Coach, Dies", The New York Times, August 11, 1970. Accessed August 23, 2019. "Joseph Bohomiel Lapchick was born on April 12, 1900, to a Czechoslovak immigrant family in Yonkers."
- Draper, Matt. "Red Bulls Goalie Ryan Meara Talks Draft Night, Training Camp and Hazing", DNAinfo, February 6, 2012. Accessed September 23, 2019. "Ryan Meara, a Yonkers native, has made the leap from youth soccer leagues to Fordham Prep and Fordham University - and now all the way to the Red Bulls."
- Floyd Patterson: A Boxer and a Gentleman By Alan H. Levy Google Books
- Stewart, Larry. "Being Out of Spotlight Doesn’t Bother Breen", Los Angeles Times, June 16, 2006. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Growing up in Yonkers, N.Y., Breen, 45, played basketball and baseball in high school, but he went to Fordham to become a broadcaster."
- Impact of Administration's Fiscal 1983 Budget Proposals on National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities and the Institute of Museum Services: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session, Hearings Held in Washington, D.C., March 4; and New York, N.Y., March 5, 1982, p. 110. United States Government Printing Office, 1983. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Being very musically inclined, as I am, a would-be singer, my first thought of Yonkers was, 'If You Knew Susie.' There's a line in there that says, 'Back from Yonkers, Im the one that had to walk.' That was what I first learned about Yonkers."
- B.G. De Sylva, Joseph Meyer, If You Knew Susie, Shapiro, Bernstein & Co., 1925.
- Filmmaker: "Tribeca Director Interview: Robert Celestino, Yonkers Joe", April 23, 2008
- Magnolia Pictures: Yonkers Joe press notes
- "Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story". California Newsreel. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
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- Kamza binjakëzim me Yonkers Archived October 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, INA, October 28, 2011 (in Albanian)
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- Hufeland, Otto. Westchester County During the American Revolution, 1775–1783 (1926)
- Madden, Joseph P. ed. A Documentary History of Yonkers, New York: The Unsettled Years, 1853–1860 (Vol. 2. Heritage Books, 1992)
- Weigold, Marilyn E., Yonkers in the Twentieth Century (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014). xvi, 364 pp.
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