Yoo (Korean surname)
|Ryu / Yoo|
|Hanja||柳, 劉, 兪, 庾|
|Revised Romanization||Ryu, Yu|
Yoo — also spelled Ryu or Yu or You or Ryoo — is the English transcription of several Korean surnames written as 유 or 류 in Hangul. Some of the family names written as Yoo are derived from the Chinese surnames 劉 or 柳 (Liu) and 兪 (Yu). As of 2000, roughly a million people are surnamed Yoo in South Korea, making up approximately 2% of the population. Of those, the most common is Ryu (Hanja:柳, Hangul:류), with more than six hundred thousand holders, whereas Yu (Hanja:兪, Hangul:유) accounts for about one hundred thousand.
The family name Yoo can be represented by any of the four Hanja: 柳(류), 劉, 兪 and 庾, each with a different meaning. In Korean, only the character 柳 specifically refers to 류 (Ryu) or 유 (Yoo), whereas the characters 劉, 兪 and 庾 refers to 유 (Yu) and is spelled as such; because of its First Initial Sound Rule (두음 법칙).
According to Chinese legend, Yoo is an ancient Chinese surname. The ancestors of the surname were closely linked with the ancient sage-king named Yu Shun. In Korea, the Yoo lineage traces to the Xia, Han, and Joseon dynasties. Holders of the surname Yu or Yoo had a reputation for charity and diligence. Some sources indicate the existence of as many as 230 clans, but only about twenty have been be positively documented, several of Chinese origin.
The largest Ryu clan, the Munhwa Ryu, was founded by a man named Ch’a Tal. Ch’a’s fifth great-grandfather had been involved in an attempt to overthrow the Silla king. To avoid prosecution, the ancestor fled to Munhwa and changed his surname, first to that of his maternal grandmother, Yang, and then to Ryoo. Many years later, Ch’a Tal assisted Wang Kŏn to establish the Koryŏ Kingdom. Ch’a was recognized for his support and was rewarded accordingly. However, the historic claims that the Ch'a clans are derived from the same progenitor as Ryu Ch'a-dal have been disproven. The Munhwa Ryoo clan, along with the Andong Kwŏn clan, possess one of Korea's oldest clan genealogies. Only the character 柳 is commonly pronounced Ryu or Ryoo (류). (See Munhwa Ryoo) The surname "Ryoo" comes from the character meaning willow tree. Hence, the lineage is also sometimes called "willow Ryoo" (버들 류씨).
- Ryoo Cha-dal
- Yoo Chang, founder of the "Myogeumdo" (劉) Yoos (sometimes known as the "Gangneung Yoo clan"), who was among the founders of the Joseon Dynasty.
- Yu Deuk-gong
- Yu Eung-bu, one of the Six martyred ministers during the Joseon Dynasty.
- Ryu Gwan-sun
- Yu Hyeong-won
- Yu Kil-chun, of the Gigye Yoo clan originally from Pohang
- Yu Seong-won, one of the Six martyred ministers during the Joseon Dynasty.
- Yu Seong-ryong
- Yu Su-won, politician and Neo-Confucianism scholar and the early Silhak school philosopher of the Joseon Dynasty.
- Il-han New
- Yoo Ah-in (stage name), an actor
- Yu Anjin, Korean poet
- Yoo Ara, an actress and singer, former leader of Hello Venus
- Yoo Chae-yeong (stage name), an actress and singer
- Yoo Chang-hyun (better known as Ricky), a member of Teen Top
- Yoo Dong-geun, an actor
- Yoo Hae-jin, an actor
- Yoo Ho-jeong, an actress
- Yoo Hyun-young (better known as Hyun Young), an actress
- Yoo In-na, an actress
- Yoo In-young, an actress
- Yoo Jae-ha, South Korean singer-songwriter
- Yoo Jae-suk, a TV presenter, Host of Running Man and Host-in-chief of Infinite Challenge
- Yoo Jeong-yeon (better known as Jeong-yeon), a singer and Twice (band) member
- Yoo Ji-ae (better known as Jiae), a singer, a member of Lovelyz
- Yoo Ji-tae, an actor and director
- Yoo Jun-sang, an actor
- Yoo Kihyun, South Korean singer, member of Monsta X (몬스타엑스)
- Yoo Sang-Chul, a soccer player
- Yoo Seung-ho, an actor
- Yoo Seung-yeon (better known as Gong Seung-yeon), an actress
- Yoo Si-ah (better known as YooA), a member of girl group Oh My Girl
- Yoo Soo-Young (also known as "Shoo"), a singer and actress
- Yoo So-young (stage name), an actress and former After School member
- Yu Yeon-jung, member of South Korean girl groups I.O.I and Cosmic Girls
- Yoo Yeon-seok (stage name), an actor
- Yoo Yeon-soo (better known as Ha Yeon-soo), an actress
- Yoo Yong-sung, a badminton player
- Yoo Young-ho, sculptor
- Yoo Young-jae, a member of South Korean band B.A.P
- Yoo Young-jin, a songwriter
- You Hee-yeol, a singer-songwriter
- Yu In-chon, an actor and politician
- Ryoo Ryong, a scientist
- Ryoo Seung-bum, an actor
- Ryoo Seung-wan, a director
- Ryu Deok-hwan, an actor
- Ryu Hwayoung, an actress and former member of T-ARA
- Ryu Hyoyoung, an actress and former member of F-ve Dolls
- Ryu Hye-young, an actress
- Hyun-Jin Ryu, South Korean baseball player
- Ryu Hyun-kyung, an actress
- Ryu Jun-yeol, an actor
- Ryu Sera, a singer, former member of Nine Muses
- Ryu Seung-Min, a professional table tennis player
- Ryu Seung-ryong, an actor
- Ryu Seung-soo, an actor and writer
- Ryu Seung-Woo, a soccer player
- Ryu Shikun, a professional Go player
- Ryu Si-won, an actor and singer
- Ryu So-yeon, a professional golfer
- Ryu Soo-young (stage name), an actor
- Ryu Su-jeong (better known as Sujeong), a singer, a member of Lovelyz
- Ryu Jin (stage name), an actor
- Rhyu Si-min, a politician, 2007 presidential candidate of the UNDP Primary
- Jae Kuk Ryu, a professional baseball pitcher for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays
- Aaron Yoo, a Korean-American actor
- Barom "Rome" Yu, Korean-Australian member of South Korean band C-Clown
- Christopher Yoo, a professor of Law, Communication, and Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania Law School
- John Yoo, a professor of law at the University of California, Berkeley, best known for his work from 2001 to 2003 in the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel
- Yoo Gun Hyung, a songwriter who co-wrote "Gangnam Style"
|This page lists people with the surname Yoo. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|
- rank 19th with 603,084 people, KOSTAT(Korea National Statistical Office), 2000.