Yaminawa language

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"Yora language" redirects here. For the Australian languages named Yor, see Yuin–Kuric languages.
Native to Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
Ethnicity Yaminawá and related peoples
Native speakers
3,100 (2000–2011)[1]
including an est. 400 uncontacted (2007)[1]
  • Mainline Panoan
    • Nawa
      • Headwaters
        • Yaminawa
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
yaa – Yaminawa
ywn – Yawanawa
mcd – Sharanawa
swo – Shaninawa
mts – Yora
Glottolog yami1255[2]

Yaminawa (Yaminahua) is a Panoan language of western Amazonia.

Yaminawa constitutes an extensive dialect cluster. Attested dialects are[3] two or more Brazilian Yaminawa dialects, Peruvian Yaminawa, Chaninawa, Chitonawa, Mastanawa, Parkenawa (= Yora or "Nawa"), Shanenawa (Xaninaua, = Katukina de Feijó), Sharanawa (= Marinawa), Shawannawa (= Arara), Yawanawa, Yaminawa-arara (obsolescent; very similar to Shawannawa/Arara), Nehanawa)

Very few Yaminawá people speak Spanish or Portuguese, though the Shanenawa have mostly shifted to Portuguese.[4]


  1. ^ a b Yaminawa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Yawanawa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Sharanawa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Shaninawa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Yora at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Yaminawa Complex". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ David Fleck, 2013, Panoan Languages and Linguistics, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History #99
  4. ^ "Yaminahua." Ethnologue. (retrieved 25 June 2011)

External links[edit]