Downtown York, Alabama
Location of York in Sumter County, Alabama.
|• Total||6.88 sq mi (17.83 km2)|
|• Land||6.87 sq mi (17.78 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||190 ft (58 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||332.12/sq mi (128.23/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0129302|
York is a city in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. Founded around 1838 after the merging of two communities, Old Anvil and New York Station, the latter a station on a stagecoach line. The rail came through in the 1850s and later, the "New" was dropped from York Station in 1861. With the discovery that another community in Alabama bore that name, the "Station" was dropped and York was formally incorporated on April 6, 1881. At the 2018 census the population was 97, down from 2,854. From 1920-1980, it was the largest town in the county. Since 1990, it has been the second largest city behind the county seat of Livingston.
York is located at .
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18 km2), of which 7.1 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.28%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,854 people, 1,046 households, and 689 families residing in the city. The population density was 403.2 people per square mile (155.6/km²). There were 1,209 housing units at an average density of 170.8 per square mile (65.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 20.71% White, 78.31% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,046 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% were married couples living together, 28.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 75.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 66.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,153, and the median income for a family was $23,417. Males had a median income of $28,362 versus $15,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,792. About 34.6% of families and 38.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.6% of those under age 18 and 27.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,538 people, 1,023 households, and 611 families residing in the city. The population density was 357.5 people per square mile (138.7/km²). There were 1,228 housing units at an average density of 173.0 per square mile (67.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.3% Black or African American, 13.3% White, 0.2% Native American, <0.1% Asian and 0.2% from two or more races. 1.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,023 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.8% were married couples living together, 31.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,000, and the median income for a family was $19,152. Males had a median income of $38,654 versus $22,007 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,577. About 41.5% of families and 42.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 63.1% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
York is home to the Coleman Center for Arts and Culture. The Center is known for its artist in residency program, where prominent artists are invited to reside in the town and produce work specific to the town. In 2013, artist Matthew Mazzotta created Open House on a neglected property in the center of York. Open House appears as a small pink house that transforms into a 100-person open-air theatre for public venues.
Sumter County School District operates public schools serving York: York West End Junior High School and Sumter Central High School. It was previously served by Sumter County High School in York until it merged into Sumter Central High in 2011.
- Robert L. Bragg, former airline captain for Pan Am and United Airlines. On March 27, 1977, Bragg was the first officer for Pan Am Flight 1736, one of the Boeing 747s lost in the Tenerife airport disaster. He was one of the 61 people from Flight 1736 to survive.
- Bobby Collins, former NFL player.
- Marko Mitchell, American football wide receiver
- Dale Steele, former American football coach
- Davey Williams, experimental guitarist and improviser
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- 1850-2010 U.S. Censuses research on Sumter County, Alabama communities
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- Williams, Andrea (2011-08-09). "Students Attend First Day at Sumter Central High". WTOK. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
- Home. Sumter Academy. Retrieved on January 15, 2019. "181 Sumter Academy Road York, Alabama 36925"
- Taylor, Drew (June 21, 2017). "Sumter Academy shuts down following dwindling enrollment". Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "TenerifeCrash.Com". Robert Bragg. Retrieved 2008-12-30.