York North

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York North
Ontario electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
District created1867
District abolished2003
First contested1867
Last contested2000

York North was a federal riding in Ontario, Canada, that was in the House of Commons of Canada from Confederation in 1867 until 2004.

The federal riding was eliminated in 2003 when it was redistributed between two new ridings of Newmarket—Aurora and York—Simcoe. Another small section was incorporated into Oak Ridges—Markham. The riding covered the northern suburbs of the city of Toronto often including such towns as Aurora, Vaughan, Newmarket, Richmond Hill and Markham. The borders changed often, however, most notably in 1996 when the riding was so altered that it contained very little of the same territory as before.

Evolution of the riding[edit]

The British North America Act, 1867 designated the electoral districts to be used in elected the members of the House of Commons. By virtue of the size of its population, the County of York was divided into a number of ridings, instead of being allocated one seat in the House of Commons like many other counties. The initial boundaries of the North Riding of York were defined in 1859 to consist of the Township of King, Whitchurch, Georgina, East Gwillimbury and North Gwillimbury, and the villages of Aurora, Newmarket and Holland Landing. Over time, the boundaries were adjusted as the City of Toronto expanded, and as the population of the area grew.

In 1882, the riding was redefined to consist of the townships of King, East Gwillimbury, West Gwillimbury, North Gwillimbury and Georgina, and the villages of Holland Landing, Bradford and Aurora.

In 1903, the north riding was redefined to consist of the townships of Georgina, East Gwillimbury, North Gwillimbury, King, and Whitchurch, the towns of Aurora and Newmarket, and the villages of Holland Landing, Stouffville and Sutton.

In 1924, York North was defined as consisting of all that part of the county of York north of the southerly boundary of the townships of Vaughan and Markham. In 1933, it boundary of the townships of North York and Whitchurch, excluding the village of Stouffville. In 1947, it was redefined to consist of that part of the county of York lying north of the line being the southerly boundary of the township of North York, Yonge Street and the southerly boundary of the township of Markham.

In 1952, it was defined as consisting of that part of the county of York lying north of Highway 7, excluding the town of Woodbridge.

In 1966, it was defined as consisting of a north-central section of the Borough of North York in Metropolitan Toronto, the Town of Richmond Hill, the Township of Markham excluding the Village of Stouffville, and part of the Township of Vaughan.

In 1976, it was redefined to consist of the Towns of Markham, Richmond Hill and Vaughan in the Regional Municipality of York. In 1987, it was redefined to consist of the towns of Aurora, Richmond Hill and Vaughan, and the southern part of the Township of King.

In 1996, it was redefined to consist of the towns of East Gwillimbury, Georgina and Newmarket, the northwest part of the Township of King, and Georgina Island Indian Reserve No. 33.

The electoral district was abolished in 2003 when it was redistributed between the electoral districts of Newmarket—Aurora, Oak Ridges—Markham and York—Simcoe.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliament Years Member Party
1st  1867–1872     James Pearson Wells Liberal
2nd  1872–1874     Anson Dodge Conservative
3rd  1874–1875     Alfred Hutchinson Dymond Liberal
 1875–1878
4th  1878–1882     Frederick William Strange Liberal–Conservative
5th  1882–1887     William Mulock Liberal
6th  1887–1891
7th  1891–1896
8th  1896–1896
 1896–1900
9th  1900–1904
10th  1904–1905
 1905–1908 Allen Bristol Aylesworth
11th  1908–1911
12th  1911–1917     John Alexander Macdonald Armstrong Conservative
13th  1917–1921     Government (Unionist)
14th  1921–1921     William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal
 1922–1925
15th  1925–1926     Thomas Herbert Lennox Conservative
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1934†
 1934–1935     William Pate Mulock Liberal
18th  1935–1940
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1949 Jack Smith
21st  1949–1953
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958     Cecil Cathers Progressive Conservative
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963     John Hollings Addison Liberal
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968
28th  1968–1972 Barney Danson
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979
31st  1979–1980     John A. Gamble Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988     Tony Roman Independent
34th  1988–1990     Maurizio Bevilacqua Liberal
 1990–1993
35th  1993–1997
36th  1997–2000 Karen Kraft Sloan
37th  2000–2004
Riding dissolved into York—Simcoe, Newmarket—Aurora and Oak Ridges—Markham

Election results[edit]

North Riding of the county of York[edit]

1867 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal James Pearson Wells acclaimed
1872 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Anson Green Phelps Dodge 1,769
Independent J Parnham 1,490
1874 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Alfred Hutchinson Dymond 1,854
Independent W.H. Thorne 1,516
By-election on 29 June 1875

on Mr. Dymond being unseated on petition

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Alfred Hutchinson Dymond 1,684
Independent Alfred Boultbee 1,316
1878 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative F.W. Strange 1,792
Liberal Alfred Hutchinson Dymond 1,778
1882 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 1,830
Independent Jas. Anderson 1,721
1887 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 2,526
Conservative Richard Tyrwhitt 2,231
1891 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 2,331
Conservative W.W. Pegg 1,968
1896 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 2,712
Conservative P.W. Strange 2,036
By-election on 30 July 1896

On Mr. Mulock being appointed Postmaster General

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock acclaimed
1900 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 2,007
Conservative John Currey 1,710
1904 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Mulock 2,650
Conservative Francis J. Roach 1,688
By-election on 22 November 1905

On Mr. Mulock being appointed Judge

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Allen Bristol Aylesworth 2,729
Conservative Arch. McCallum 2,235
1908 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Allen Bristol Aylesworth 2,856
Conservative John Alexander MacDonald Armstrong 2,550
1911 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Alexander MacDonald Armstrong 2,730
Liberal Thomas Cowper Robinette 2,671
1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Alexander Macdonald Armstrong 3,948
Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King 2,870
1921 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King 5,167
Conservative John Alexander Macdonald Armstrong 4,112
Progressive Ralph Waldo Emerson Burnaby 2,973
By-election on 19 January 1922

On Mr. King being appointed Prime Minister

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King acclaimed

York North[edit]

1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Herbert Lennox 10,028
Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King 9,534
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Herbert Lennox 10,160
Liberal Henry Arthur Sifton 9,860
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Thomas Herbert Lennox 10,402
Liberal William Pate Mulock 10,104
By-election on 24 September 1934

On Mr. Lennox's death

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Pate Mulock 11,480
Conservative Harold A.C. Breuls 7,793
1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Pate Mulock 9,638
Conservative Harold A.C. Breuls 5,296
Reconstruction George M. Dix 3,795
Co-operative Commonwealth Kenneth Ross 1,124
1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal William Pate Mulock 10,653
National Government George M. Dix 8,829
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Jack Smith 11,428
Progressive Conservative Earl Toole 10,295
Co-operative Commonwealth Archibald H. Woods 3,670
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Jack Smith 18,933
Progressive Conservative Arthur Walwyn 14,429
Co-operative Commonwealth Arch Woods 5,736
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Jack Smith 10,988
Progressive Conservative C.A. Cathers 9,355
Co-operative Commonwealth Donald Scott 2,116
1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative C.A. Cathers 17,770
Liberal Jack Rye 10,753
Social Credit Allan A. Alton 1,653
1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative C.A. Cathers 21,499
Liberal Sam Cook 9,523
Co-operative Commonwealth Fred Prentice 2,148
Social Credit W. Dave Greer 494
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal John Addison 18,094
Progressive Conservative C.A. Tiny Cathers 17,168
New Democratic Stanley John Hall 7,796
Social Credit J. Alex Ford 528
1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal John Addison 21,668
Progressive Conservative Charles Hooper 14,488
New Democratic Stan Hall 8,591
Social Credit John R. O'Brien 330
1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal John Addison 18,207
Progressive Conservative Donald R. Martyn 16,459
New Democratic Jim Norton 10,438
1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Barney Danson 24,054
Progressive Conservative Gord Hurlburt 15,693
New Democratic Jack Grant 7,000
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Barney Danson 28,123
Progressive Conservative Stephen B. Roman 25,844
New Democratic Jim Reid 11,065
1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Barney Danson 34,179
Progressive Conservative Stephen Roman 26,386
New Democratic Jim Reid 7,669
Social Credit Victor Upeslacis 364
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative John A. Gamble 29,011
Liberal Barney Danson 21,990
New Democratic Bruce Searle 7,591
Libertarian Dan Davidson 430
Independent Neil Katzman 279
Marxist–Leninist Paul Herman 37
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative John A. Gamble 26,039
Liberal Jan Poot 24,281
New Democratic Bruce Searle 8,933
Libertarian Dan Davidson 538
Marxist–Leninist Jamie Reid 55
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Independent Tony Roman 32,200
Progressive Conservative John A. Gamble 27,955
Liberal Aldo Tollis 18,034
New Democratic Doris Schwar 10,077
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Maurizio Bevilacqua 37,513
Progressive Conservative Michael O'Brien 37,436
New Democratic Evelyn Buck 11,583
Libertarian Chris Edwards 1,293
By-election on 10 December 1990

Mr. Bevilacqua's election declared void and invalid July 6th 1990

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Maurizio Bevilacqua 21,332
New Democratic Peter Devita 14,321
Progressive Conservative Michael O'Brien 4,618
Christian Heritage William Ubbens 1,399
Libertarian Roma Kelembet 424
Independent David M. Shelley 239
Independent Adelchi Di Palma 163
Independent Paul Wizman 156
Independent John Turmel 97
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurizio Bevilacqua 71,223 63.22
Reform Heather Sinclair 20,135 17.87
Progressive Conservative Dario D'Angela 15,451 13.71
New Democratic Peter M.A. Devita 2,996 2.66
National Ben Kestein 1,271 1.13
Libertarian Robert Ede 913 0.81
Natural Law Wayne Foster 676 0.60
Difference 51,088 45.35
Turnout 112,665
1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Karen Kraft Sloan 22,942
Reform Shauneen MacKay 13,245
Progressive Conservative John Cole 11,308
New Democratic Laurie Cooke 1,996
Christian Heritage Ian Knight 799
Canadian Action JeweEl McKenzie 220
Natural Law Mary Wan 187
2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Karen Kraft Sloan 22,665
Alliance Bob Yaciuk 11,985
Progressive Conservative Joe Wamback 11,890
New Democratic Ian Scott 1,696
Independent Ian Knight 509
Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
Portage la Prairie
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1921-1925
Succeeded by
Vacant; Next was Prince Albert in 1926