York Region Transit

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York Region Transit
York Region Transit logo.svg
Slogan York, connected.
Founded 2001
Headquarters 50 High Tech Road,
Richmond Hill, ON
Locale York Region (with some service into Toronto and Brampton, Ontario)
Service area Urban/semirural areas
Service type Bus service, bus rapid transit
Alliance Toronto Transit Commission
Brampton Transit
Routes 97 YRT, 6 Viva,
5 TTC-contracted
Fleet 394 YRT buses[1]
123 Viva bus rapid transit
27 Mobility Plus vehicles
Annual ridership 22,156,781[1]
Fuel type Diesel
Operator see Operations
General Manager Ann-Marie Carroll
Website yrt.ca

York Region Transit (YRT) is the public transit operator in York Region, Ontario, Canada. Its headquarters are in Richmond Hill, at 50 High Tech Road.

YRT operates 65 full-time, rush hour and limited routes, 35 school services, and 6 Viva Rapid Transit routes. 5 Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) routes run within York Region's boundaries. TTC passengers who cross Steeles Avenue (the Toronto-York boundary) must pay an additional fare (the YRT fare) to continue on that route (in practical sense, the TTC bus becomes a YRT bus when it crosses Steeles Avenue).

Some YRT routes operate within the City of Toronto; these buses generally run to and from Toronto subway stations. YRT northbound buses are allowed to pick up passengers south of Steeles Avenue if they are heading into York Region (but passengers must flag the bus from a designated TTC or YRT stop). YRT buses heading to a TTC subway station can similarly drop off passengers at designated stops south of Steeles Avenue, but are usually not permitted to pick up passengers from these stops (with the exception of York University).


Average daily ridership is between 150,000 and 200,000 riders on buses and 1,000 on MobilityPlus, a service for people with disabilities. 22 million riders used YRT in 2012, an 11.6% increase over 2011. YRT is projecting more than 23.5 million riders for 2013.[2]


YRT was created by the regional government in 2001 to combine the five municipally-managed transit authorities in the region:

In mid-2006, the YRT logo was modified to bear closer resemblance to the Viva logo and, by the end of the year most of the YRT fleet and bus stop signs had their looks changed to bear the new colours.

Before 1973, several private transit operators provided services around York Region:[3]

  • Toronto and York Radial Railway - radial railway along Yonge Street in Vaughan and Markham
  • Maple Leaf - Markham Coach Lines - routes taken over by Gray Coach in 1929
  • Travelways - operated briefly in Markham in 1973
  • Newmarket Bus Lines 1948-1958
  • Newmarket Town Bus 1958-1960s
  • Aurora Bus Lines - operated until 1972


All transit services in York Region are provided by private operators under contract.[4]

Division 1[edit]

Area served: Markham and Stouffville
Operator: Miller Transit Limited
Facility: 8050 Woodbine Ave., Markham - outdoor yard home to 183 buses stored on Miller Avenue and Burncrest Road
Web site: Miller Transit

This garage operates the most YRT routes in York Region. It was opened in 1984.

Division 2[edit]

Area served: Newmarket, Aurora, King Township, East Gwillimbury and Georgina
Operator: Tok Transit
Facility: 18106 Yonge Street, Newmarket (leased by York Region to TOK Transit) and next to GO Transit bus garage home to 81 buses.

Tok Transit Limited, a subsidiary of Tokmakjian Incorporated of Concord, won the contract for serving Division 2 after First Student Canada's (formerly Laidlaw Transit Limited) services were terminated effective January 16, 2012, by YRT due to the transit strike. First Canada were stored in an outdoor facility at 534 Kent Drive at Mulock Drive in Newmarket.

Division 3[edit]

Area served: Richmond Hill
Operator: Miller (same information as Division 1)

Division 4[edit]

Area served: Vaughan
Operator: Transdev
Facility: 8300 Keele Street, Vaughan home to 130 buses.
Web site: Veolia Transport - Bus rapid transit in York region

Service in Division 4 was provided by Tokmakjian Incorporated from 2003 to 2010 (former operators for Vaughan Transit[5] and current operator for Division 2). It was opened in 1986.

Division 5[edit]

Services: Discontinued in Fall 2011
Former Operator: Stock Transportation
Facility: 550 Edward Avenue, Richmond Hill.

These two routes were operated by Stock using three mini (18 seat) school buses bearing YRT logos and route signage. It was operated by Student Express Limited from 2000 to 2004.[6]

Division 7[edit]

Services: Viva Rapid Transit
Operator: TOK Transit
Facility: 55 Orlando Avenue, Richmond Hill

BRT division was operated by Transdev (York BRT Services) from 2005. TOK Transit took over the BRT division's responsibility on June 28, 2015, and uses the new facility at 55 Orlando Avenue, an indoor garage that houses 196 buses.[7] It opened on March 23, 2015.

All but Transdev are Canadian-based transit operators. All contractors maintain and store the YRT fleet within York Region. It was opened in 1986.


YRT Capital Assets and York Region Rapid Transit Corporation are responsible for procurement of vehicles for YRT.

Bus rapid transit[edit]

Viva uses a special fleet of high-end NovaBus and Van Hool buses

In response to escalating congestion on the region's roads, York Region's transit plan included a provision for a bus rapid transit (BRT) system along the Yonge Street and Highway 7 arterial corridors. This service, known as Viva, was launched in September 2005.


Presto card reader at Promenade Terminal

Fares for riding both York Region Transit and Viva may be paid by cash, tickets, or passes (including Presto cards); the latter two offering savings over cash.

As of 1 July 2017, YRT and Viva's fares are as follows (both systems operate under a common fare system):[8]

Fare Category PRESTO or

YRT/Viva Pay

Cash Fare Monthly Pass
Adults $3.63 $4.00 $145.00
Youth $2.85 $4.00 $111.00
Child / Senior 65+ $2.30 $4.00 $61.00
Express (All age groups) $4.13 $4.50 $166.00
Weekly Pass
Greater Toronto Area $63.00
Fare Supplements
Ride to GO $1.00
Express Upgrade $0.50

Three separate methods of payments are used by transit routes serving York Region:

  1. a "pay as you board" on conventional YRT routes, Züm Queen, and TTC-operated routes heading towards Toronto
  2. a "pay as you leave" on TTC routes heading away from Toronto
  3. a "proof of payment" basis on all Viva routes.

York Region's rapid transit bus service, Viva operates on a "pre-paid proof-of-payment (POP)" system, meaning passengers in possession with POP can board these buses at any door. Unlike conventional YRT buses, Viva buses are not equipped with onboard fareboxes, which means passengers are required to purchase paper tickets and passes at fare vending machines, tap a Presto card on the fare readers or activate your mobile ticket/pass at the platforms prior to boarding. If you are using an unvalidated ticket, you must validate it at a ticket validator machine, known as the "vivaNow" machine prior to boarding. When a ticket is validated, the date and expiry time are printed on the ticket. If you are using a single ride ticket, the date and expiry time are printed on it at the time of purchase so it does not need to be validated. (Paper POP tickets/transfers are not issued to YRT/Viva pass holders, Presto card holders as well as YRT/Viva pay app (mobile ticket/pass) users since they act as POP). Fares allow for unlimited travel within York region for two hours.[9]

Fare zones[edit]

On July 1, 2017, YRT/Viva removed fare zones allowing customers to travel from the north to the south with only one fare[10] (the two-hour travel window still applies). Previously, the YRT/Viva service area was divided into three fare zones. Zone 3 was defined as the portion of York Region north of Ravenshoe Road, while Zones 1 and 2 were divided by the Oak Ridges Moraine, where Bloomington Road acted as the zone change boundary from Zone 1 to Zone 2 (northbound passengers), and a line just south of King Road acted as the zone change boundary from Zone 2 to Zone 1 (southbound passengers). Passengers crossing a zone boundary would have to pay a zone fare supplement in addition to the regular fares.

GO Transit co-fares[edit]

As with many other transit agencies within the GTA, YRT offers a reduced fare for passengers transferring to YRT or Viva buses from GO Transit. Passengers may transfer at a GO train station from a GO Transit route to a YRT/Viva route and pay the reduced fare with the GO Transit proof of payment.

The GO Transit co-fare is expanded for passengers with the Presto card: passengers will automatically be assessed the co-fare (and any YRT fare supplements, if necessary) when transferring from GO Transit to YRT/Viva regardless of where the passenger boards the YRT bus. Similarly, passengers transferring from YRT/Viva to GO Transit will also be reimbursed the difference between the YRT fare and the co-fare upon disembarking from GO Transit (effectively, the YRT portion of the journey is paid with a co-fare).

TTC fares in York Region[edit]


YRT routes operated by the TTC on behalf of York Region allow passengers to board a TTC bus in York Region and disembark in Toronto and vice versa. Though considered a single route by both agencies, passengers crossing Steeles Avenue on a TTC bus must pay separate fares for the portion north of Steeles Avenue (where the bus is operated as a YRT route) and south of Steeles Avenue (where the bus operates as a TTC route). This means that passengers effectively transfer between a TTC route and a YRT route of the same name and number at Steeles Avenue.

  • All passengers boarding in Toronto must pay the regular TTC fare upon boarding. Upon crossing into York Region, TTC buses operate on a payment-on-exit policy, where the YRT fare must be paid on disembarking from the vehicle, even if passengers board within York Region. This essentially prevents the use of the rear door for disembarking. However, passengers disembarking at Steeles Avenue do not have to pay YRT fares, even if disembarking on the north side of Steeles Avenue.
  • Passengers boarding in York Region and disembarking in Toronto must pay both YRT and TTC fares upon boarding and receive a transfer as proof-of-payment. The transfer is not issued to passengers who pay only a YRT fare for travel within York Region only. Buses will stop on the north side of Steeles Avenue to ensure that all passengers have TTC proof of payment before proceeding into Toronto. However, passengers boarding at Steeles Avenue on either side do not have to pay YRT fares.
  • Passengers may pay for YRT fares using a combination of TTC tickets/tokens and a cash supplement on these routes only; the cash supplement is the difference in fare value between the TTC fare media and its YRT counterpart.
  • Currently, customers using TTC in York Region are advised NOT to use Presto, and to continue using alternate payment methods such as cash, paper tickets, passes or the new YRT/Viva Pay app, this is because the Presto card is not accepted for the YRT co-fare on YRT routes operated by the TTC, as the TTC has not yet integrated the YRT/Viva co-fare agreement on TTC buses operating within York Region, (although the TTC fare may be paid using Presto so long as the buses are operating within the City of Toronto).
  • YRT does not issue paper transfers for passengers paying by Presto card (except for those transferring between GO Transit, YRT, and TTC operated routes in York Region); so therefore a separate fare is required for passengers wishing to transfer between YRT and TTC routes in York Region.
  • Due to the "pay as you leave" policy in effect travelling northbound in York Region, passengers may not use Presto readers on the Viva ticket vending machines to pay for the YRT fare at Sheppard West Station or Don Mills Station (both stations connect to TTC routes serving York Region).
    • Exception: Passengers transferring to a TTC route in York Region from a GO train station may use the Presto Card as GO Transit proof of payment and pay the co-fare in cash.
  • As the portions of TTC routes north of Steeles Avenue are operated on behalf of YRT, the "TTC Times Two" program, allowing a single TTC fare to be paid for transfers between two TTC routes separated by an intermediate leg on GO Transit, is not offered for portions of TTC routes north of Steeles Avenue.

YRT also offers the "GTA Weekly Pass", which acts as a pass for the TTC, YRT, MiWay, and Brampton Transit; the pass is good for single-zone travel in York Region. Passengers wishing to cross zone boundaries must pay any zone fare supplements in cash.

Though certain YRT/Viva routes enter Toronto city limits, due to City of Toronto regulations, passengers may not board inbound (towards Toronto) YRT routes while in Toronto, nor disembark on outbound (away from Toronto) YRT routes while in Toronto. The only exception to this was transferring to inbound Viva Orange at York University, implemented to relieve overcrowding on its 196 York University Rocket route. Similarly, as a result of additional fare integration with the TTC, passengers could travel between York University and the fare-paid area of Sheppard West Station on Viva Orange with TTC proof-of payment; passengers wishing to travel beyond York University were required to have YRT fares. This was ceased with the opening of the Spadina subway extension in 2017.


On December 17, 2017, the Line 1 Yonge-University subway was extended into York (Vaughan). Unlike the policy with contracted TTC buses north of Steeles, however, no extra fare is charged when boarding or disembarking at Highway 407 and Vaughan Metropolitan Centre stations in Vaughan, due to the impracticality of a payment-on-exit system.[11] Also, unlike the case with buses, the line is operated by the TTC directly. However an additional fare is required when transferring between YRT/Viva bus routes and the subway (whether its in York Region or Toronto).

Brampton Transit fares in York Region[edit]

Due to an agreement between YRT and Brampton Transit, passengers boarding Züm Queen east of Highway 50 (which largely duplicates service with Viva Orange while in York Region) will be assessed YRT fares, even if intending to disembark in Brampton. As a Brampton Transit route, passengers may also use Brampton Transit fare media (including those loaded onto a Presto card) to board this route without any additional fares being assessed. Passengers boarding with YRT passes will not be issued transfers for connecting to Brampton Transit routes in Brampton, nor will passengers boarding with Brampton Transit passes be issued transfers for connecting to YRT routes in York Region.

Passengers connecting from Züm Queen to YRT services and then to TTC services in York Region and paying by Presto card may request a special transfer upon boarding Züm Queen; this transfer acts as proof of payment only when boarding the TTC service.

Brampton Transit and YRT have cooperated on routes connecting Brampton and Toronto via York Region, and for a time, certain YRT routes were jointly operated by YRT and Brampton Transit buses, where both agencies' fare media were accepted. The introduction of Züm Queen has largely ended joint operation of YRT routes, and the acceptance of YRT fares on Brampton Transit routes while in York Region are the last vestiges of such cooperation.

Vehicles and fleet rosters[edit]

2010 New Flyer D40LFR #1034 at Promenade Terminal on Route 88 Bathurst
2008 ElDorado EZ-Rider II MAX #850 at Newmarket Terminal
2007 New Flyer D40LF #707, running south of Steeles Avenue on the Route 99 Yonge
2014 New Flyer XD40 #1418 at Vaughan Mills Terminal on Route 85 Rutherford
2015 Nova Bus LFS #1502 on Route 224B Woodbine

YRT has 116 Viva bus rapid transit, 335 YRT buses and 27 Mobility Plus vehicles;[1] operated by private contractors as shown above in Operations. The initial fleet consisted of buses from previous York Region operators, but has since been expanded with YRT-bought vehicles.

For Viva bus fleet, see Viva Rapid Transit for details.

 Make/Model   Description   Division   Year   Fleet #   Notes 
New Flyer Industries D40LF 40' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller), North (TOK Transit) 2003-2010 311-335, 401-412, 571-585, 601-609, 610- 618, 701-730, 801-819, 901-945, 1001–1019 Handicapped/disabled access 300s,[12] 400s, 500s, 600s repainted in new livery 700s, 800s, 900s,1000s delivered in new YRT livery.
New Flyer Industries D40LFR 40' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller) 2010-2011 1020–1038, 1101-1120[13] Handicapped/disabled access All buses delivered in new YRT livery.
New Flyer Industries XD40 Xcelsior Bus 40' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller) 2014 1401-1434[14] Handicapped/disabled access All buses delivered in new YRT livery.
Nova Bus LF Series 40' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller), North (TOK Transit) 2015-2017 1501-1518, 1601-1614, 1615-1621, 1701-1715 Handicapped/disabled access All buses delivered in new YRT livery.
Van Hool New A330 40' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev) 2005-2006 501-520 Handicapped/disabled access Converted from Viva service.
ElDorado National EZ Rider II 30' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller), North (TOK Transit) 2005-2006 541-553, 555-562, 564-570, 619-621, 623 Handicapped/disabled access 554, 563, 622 retired.
ElDorado National EZ Rider II MAX 30' Diesel bus Southwest (Transdev), Southeast (Miller), North (TOK Transit) 2008-2009 850-868, 980-990, 991-996 Handicapped/disabled access All buses delivered in new YRT livery.
ElDorado National EZ Rider II BRT 30' Diesel bus Southeast (Miller), North (TOK Transit) 2010-2011 1060-1072 1160-1162 Handicapped/disabled access All buses delivered in new YRT livery.
Arboc Spirit of Mobility 20D Accessible bus 10 passenger wheelchair accessible bus Southwest (Transdev), North (TOK Transit), Mobility Plus 2012 1180-1187, 1188-1197 Handicapped/disabled access Built on Chevrolet Express chassis.

Handicapped/disabled accessDenotes wheelchair-accessible vehicles.

Fleet colours[edit]

YRT's first fleet (2001–2005) was painted with a white base with blue and gold stripes. During the early years many buses still had their pre-2000 colours from the previous operators with "YRT" painted on the front and sides. The livery was changed after 2005 to a white and several tones of blue. Only the Viva fleet is all-blue, but one Orion I YRT (#2028) was painted all-blue for a colour demo.[15] During the transition to the second colour theme some buses were all white with the old "YRT" label remaining.


YRT operating staff are employed by their respective contractors


Bus operating staff uniform consists of a light blue shirt with YRT/VIVA crest on the left chest and grey pants.

Transit enforcement[edit]

Fare Inspectors and Special Constables patrol the entire transit system for the safety and security of passengers and to ensure compliance with the proof-of-payment system. They make random checks onboard buses to ensure the proper use of tickets, transfers and passes. Customers without valid fares are subject to a warning, an instant fine or a criminal charge.

CCTV cameras[edit]

In 2006, YRT began installing 150 cameras on YRT (including Mobility Plus) and Viva buses. By the end of 2008, there were to be 210 more cameras added to the two systems.[16] CCTV cameras are also installed in some of the Vivastations, such as Bayview Vivastation in Richmond Hill.



YRT owns very few facilities: many are shared with other transit agencies like the TTC, GO Transit and Brampton Transit.

Beside YRT Vivanext stations, there are a few facilities for YRT use only:

  • Richmond Hill Centre Terminal - only YRT-owned facility with terminal building; has bridge connecting to GO train station
  • Vaughan Mills Terminal - platforms only; no terminal building (shelters only)
  • Bernard Terminal - driveway and platforms only
  • Promenade Terminal - platforms only; no terminal building (shelters only)

Garages used to store buses are owned by contractors.

The YRT gained more facilities on December 17, 2017 from the Toronto-York-Spadina Subway Extension. Vaughan Metropolitan Centre, which has a bus terminal, and is located on Highway 7 at Millway Avenue, west of Jane Street. South of that is a Highway 407 station at the intersection of 407 and Jane and Pioneer Village station at Steeles and Jane which is half TTC and half YRT. Most TTC contracted routes in Vaughan were transferred over to YRT service and operates from this station.[citation needed]

2011-2012 labour strike[edit]

Starting on October 24, 2011, bus drivers and workers contracted by Miller Transit, First Student and York BRT Services (Veolia) started striking, protesting over wages and benefits for three months. Over 60 percent of YRT bus routes in York region and all Viva routes did not operate. YRT and Viva workers started picketing on December 5, 2011, at Finch-GO Terminal, YRT headquarters, South-West Division Garage, and Richmond Hill Centre Terminal. 96% of all YRT/Viva routes returned to service on February 4, 2012, and 98% of services were operational on Monday, February 6, 2012. Full YRT/Viva service resumed on February 27, 2012. To compensate riders for the three months of service disruptions, York Region Transit provided two months of free service, using the money saved by not having to pay striking workers.


In December 2014, the executive of YRT consisted of:

Operational executives are:

  • Commissioner of Transportation Services: Daniel Kostopoulos
  • General Manager: Ann-Marie Carroll - became GM December 2014 and interim GM from early 2014 to December 2014[17]
  • [Richard J. Leary served as GM from 2010 to 2014; he had been Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority chief operating officer and replaced YRT's first head Donald Gordon (2001–2009)[18] and left in early 2014 for the Toronto Transit Commission)
  • Vice-President of York Region Rapid Transit Corporation: Mary-Frances Turner

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c YRT/Viva Fast Facts Archived March 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "York Region Transit / Viva". Yrt.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  3. ^ "Transit History of Ontario Communities (S-Z)". Retrieved February 3, 2016. 
  4. ^ YRT 2008 Draft Service Plan Archived May 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "January 26, 2012 York Region awards new contract to TOK Transit Limited to restore North Division YR". York.ca. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 6, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  7. ^ "transit facility / Richmond Hill". vivanext.com. York Region Rapid Transit Corporation. Retrieved 6 February 2018. This 481,679 square-foot facility includes energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly features and will be used to maintain and store up to 196 YRT/Viva transit vehicles. 
  8. ^ "YRT/Viva Prices". York Region Transit. 2017-07-01. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  9. ^ "PRESTO launching in York Region July 18". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Fare changes coming July 1". York Region Transit/Viva. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  11. ^ James Bow. "A Subway to York University and Beyond: North of Finch". Transit Toronto. 
  12. ^ "York Region Transit 311-335 - CPTDB Wiki". Cptdb.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  13. ^ "York Region Transit 1101-1120 - CPTDB Wiki". Cptdb.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  14. ^ "York Region Transit 1401-1434 - CPTDB Wiki". Cptdb.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  15. ^ [1] Archived February 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ MyTransit Fall 2008
  17. ^ "CUTA". CUTA. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016. 
  18. ^ David Fleischer (January 26, 2010). "York looks south for new transit boss". yorkregion.com. Metroland Media Group. Retrieved February 4, 2010. 

Works cited

  • Markham Transit 1990 Rider's Guide, Town of Markham
  • Markham Transit Fall 1994 Rider's Guide, Town of Markham
  • Markham Transit Fall 1999 Rider's Guide, Town of Markham
  • Markham Transit 2000 Rider's Guide, Town of Markham
  • Transit History...Vaughan
  • Transit History...Markham
  • Transit History...Richmond Hill
  • "vivatalk - York Region's Rapid Transit Update", Economist & Sun/Sun-Tribune: Community, June 11, 2005, p 7.

External links[edit]