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House of York

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House of York
Arms of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York.svg
As descendants of the sovereign in the male line the dukes of York bore the arms of the kingdom differentiated by a label argent of three points, each bearing three torteaux gules
Country
Parent house House of Plantagenet
Titles
Founded 1385
Founder Edmund of Langley
Final ruler Richard III of England
Current head Extinct
Dissolution 1499
Deposition 1485
Ethnicity English
  1. ^ a b titular claim rather than de facto

The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet. Three of its members became Kings of England in the late 15th century. The House of York was descended in the male line from Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, the fourth surviving son of Edward III, but also represented Edward's senior line, being cognatic descendants of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, Edward III's second surviving son. It is based on these descents that they claimed the English crown.[1][2] Compared with the House of Lancaster, it had a senior claim to the throne of England according to cognatic primogeniture but junior claim according to the agnatic primogeniture. The reign of this dynasty ended with the death of Richard III of England in 1485. It became extinct in the male line with the death of Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick in 1499.

Contents

Descent from Edward III[edit]

For a more detailed family tree, see English monarchs family tree.

Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge, KG (5 June 1341 – 1 August 1402) was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, the fourth of their five sons who lived to adulthood. He was the founder of the House of York, but it was through the marriage of his younger son, Richard to Anne Mortimer that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses made its claim on the throne. The other party in the Wars of the Roses, the Lancasters, were descendants of Edmund's elder brother, John of Gaunt whose son Henry usurped the throne of Richard II in 1399.

Edmund had two sons, Edward, and Richard of Conisburgh. Edward succeeded to the dukedom in 1402, but was killed at the battle of Agincourt in 1415, with no issue. Richard married Anne Mortimer, a great-granddaughter of Lionel of Antwerp, the second son (cadet line) of Edward III. Furthermore, Anne's son Richard also became heir general to the earldom of March, after her only brother, Edmund, 5th Earl, died without issue in 1425. Their father Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March had been named heir presumptive of Richard II before Henry IV's accession; although it had been passed over at the time, Anne's son Richard also inherited this claim to the throne.

Richard of Conisburgh was executed following his involvement in the Southampton Plot to depose Henry V of England in favour of the Earl of March. The dukedom of York therefore passed to his son, Richard Plantagenet. Through his mother, Richard Plantagenet also inherited the lands of the earldom of March, as well as the Mortimer claim to the throne.

KEY
House of York
Edward III,
King of England

1312–1377
Lionel,
1st Duke of Clarence

1338–1368
Philippa,
5th Countess of Ulster

1355–1382
Edmund,
1st Duke of York

1341–1402
Roger,
4th Earl of March

1374–1398
Anne Mortimer
1390–1411
Richard,
3rd Earl of Cambridge

1375–1415
Edward,
2nd Duke of York

1373–1415
Richard,
3rd Duke of York

1411–1460
Edward IV,
King of England

1442–1483
Edmund,
Earl of Rutland

1443–1460
George,
1st Duke of Clarence

1449–1478
Richard III,
King of England

1452–1485
Edward V,
King of England

1470–1483?
Richard,
1st Duke of York

1473–1483?
Edward,
17th Earl of Warwick

1475–1499
Edward,
Prince of Wales

1473–1484

Wars of the Roses[edit]

Main article: Wars of the Roses
English Royalty
House of York
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke
Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke
Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke
Edward IV
Edward V
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence
Richard III

Despite his elevated status, Richard Plantagenet was denied a position in government by the advisers of the weak Henry VI, particularly John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, and the queen consort, Margaret of Anjou. Although he served as Protector of the Realm during Henry VI's period of incapacity in 1453-54, his reforms were reversed by Somerset's party once the king had recovered.

The Wars of the Roses began the following year, with the First Battle of St Albans. Initially, Richard aimed only to purge his Lancastrian political opponents from positions of influence over the king. It was not until October 1460 that he claimed the throne for the House of York. In that year the Yorkists had captured the king at the battle of Northampton, but victory was short-lived. Richard and his second son Edmund were killed at the battle of Wakefield on 30 December.

Richard's claim to the throne was inherited by his son Edward. With the support of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick ("The Kingmaker"), Edward, already showing great promise as a leader of men, defeated the Lancastrians in a succession of battles. While Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou were campaigning in the north, Warwick gained control of the capital and had Edward declared king in London in 1461. Edward strengthened his claim with a decisive victory at the Battle of Towton in the same year, in the course of which the Lancastrian army was virtually wiped out.

Reigns of the Yorkist Kings[edit]

The early reign of Edward IV was marred by Lancastrian plotting and uprisings in favour of Henry VI. Warwick himself changed sides, and supported Margaret of Anjou and the king's jealous brother George, Duke of Clarence, in briefly restoring Henry in 1470-71. However, Edward regained his throne, and the House of Lancaster was wiped out with the death of Henry VI himself, in the Tower of London in 1471. In 1478, the continued trouble caused by Clarence led to his execution in the Tower of London; popularly he is thought to have been drowned in a butt of malmsey wine.

On Edward's death in 1483, the crown passed to his twelve-year-old son Edward. Edward IV's younger brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was appointed Protector, and escorted the young king, and his brother Richard, to the Tower of London. The famous Princes in the Tower were never seen again. However it is unknown whether they were killed or who killed them if it happened. Parliament declared, in the document Titulus Regius, that the two boys were illegitimate, on the grounds that Edward IV's marriage was invalid, and as such Richard was heir to the throne. He was crowned Richard III in July 1483.

Defeat of the House of York[edit]

Richard III had many enemies. Though the House of Lancaster had been extinguished, the Lancastrian sympathisers survived, who now rallied behind Henry Tudor, a descendant of the Beauforts, a legitimized branch of the House of Lancaster. Moreover, the family of Edward IV, and the Edwardian loyalists, were naturally opposed to him, essentially dividing his Yorkist power base. A coup attempt failed in late 1483, but in 1485 Richard met Henry Tudor at the battle of Bosworth Field. During the battle, some of Richard's important supporters switched sides or withheld their retainers from the field. Richard himself was killed. He was the last of the Plantagenet kings, and the last English king to die in battle.

Henry Tudor declared himself king, took Elizabeth of York, eldest child of Edward IV, as his wife, symbolically uniting the surviving houses of York and Lancaster, and acceded to the throne as Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty which reigned until 1603.

Later claimants[edit]

The de la Pole family were sometimes suggested as heirs to the Yorkist cause, but Henry Tudor and his son Henry VIII of England efficiently suppressed all such opposition.

Another Yorkist branch descends from George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and younger brother of Edward IV. The heir to this branch is the Earl of Loudoun, currently Simon Abney-Hastings. There was in Edward IV's reign a suspicion that this king was illegitimate. In 2004, the British station Channel 4 revived the George branch's claim as "Britain's Real Monarch". The Earls of Loudoun would then, at least, be the heirs to the Yorkists.[3]

Legacy[edit]

Upon Henry Tudor's uniting the rival houses of Lancaster and York, the title Duke of York became a royal prerogative and is traditionally accorded to the second son of the reigning monarch. Beginning with Richard of Shrewsbury (son of Edward IV, one of the Princes in the Tower), none of its holders were able to transmit it; they either died without a male heir or succeeded to the throne. The title is held today by Prince Andrew, second son of Queen Elizabeth II and her consort Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

The symbol of the House of York was a white rose, still used as the badge of Yorkshire and Jacobitism. York, Pennsylvania, is known as the White Rose City after the symbol of the House of York. The rivalry between York and Lancaster, in the modern form of the counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire, has continued into the present day on a more friendly basis.

Dukes of York[edit]

List of historical kings[edit]

Uí Fiachrach, 406-482[edit]

Main article: Uí Fiachrach
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae 406-440 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach 440-445 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 445
Ailill Molt 445-482 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Nath Í mac Fiachrach 482

Uí Briúin, 482-500[edit]

Main article: Uí Briúin
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dauí Tenga Uma 482–500 O'Conor.png Son of Brión mac Echach Muigmedóin 500

Uí Fiachrach, 500-549[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Eógan Bél 500-542 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cellaig mac Ailill Molt 542
Ailill Inbanda 542-549 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Eógan Bél 549

Uí Briúin, 549-600[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Echu Tirmcharna 549–556 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Muireadach 556
Áed mac Echach 556–575 O'Conor.png Son of Echu Tirmcharna 575
Uatu mac Áedo 575–600 O'Conor.png Son of Áed mac Echach 600

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 600-622[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Colmán mac Cobthaig 600-622 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cobthach mac Gabran 622

Uí Briúin, 622-649[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Rogallach mac Uatach 622–649 O'Conor.png Son of Uatu mac Áedo 649

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 649-663[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Loingsech mac Colmáin 649-655 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin 655-663 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 663

Uí Briúin Seóla, 663-682[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan 663–682 O'Flaherty.png Son of Colga mac Aodha 682

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 682-683[edit]

Main articles: Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe and Ó Dubhda
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dúnchad Muirisci 682-683 O'Dowd.png Son of Tipraite mac Máel Dubh 683

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 683-696[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile 683-696 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Artgal mac Guaire 696

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 696-702[edit]

Main article: Síol Muireadaigh
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muiredach Muillethan 696–702 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Rogallaig 702

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 702-705[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 705-707[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 705-707 O'Dowd.png Son of Dúnchad Muirisci 707

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 707-723[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 707–723 O'Conor.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 723

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 723-728[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 728-735[edit]

Main article: Ó Flannagáin
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Muiredaig 728-735 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 735

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 735-742[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig 735–742 O'Conor.png Son of Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 742

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 742-756[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 756-764[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig 756-764 O'Dowd.png Son of Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 764

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 764-768[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail 764-768 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 768

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 768-773[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail 768-773 O'Dowd.png Son of Cathal mac Ailill Medraige 773

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 773-777[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 777-782[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Artgal mac Cathail 777-782 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 782

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 782-786[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tipraite mac Taidg 782–786 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg mac Indrechtach 786

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 786-792[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cináed mac Artgail 786-792 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Artgal mac Cathail 792

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 792-796[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 796-839[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 796–815 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig 815–833 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa 833–839 O'Conor.png Son of Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 839

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 839-843[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Murchad mac Áedo 839-840 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Aedh mac Fogartach 840
Fergus mac Fothaid 840-843 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Fothaid mac Dub-Indrecht 843

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 843-956[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig 843–848 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid 848–872 O'Conor.png Son of Máel Cothaid 872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 872–882 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg Mór mac Muirgius 882
Áed mac Conchobair 882–888 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 888
Tadg mac Conchobair 888–900 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 900
Cathal mac Conchobair 900–925 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 925
Tadg mac Cathail 925–956 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobair 956

Ó Ruairc, 956-967[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc 956–967 O'Rourke.png Son of Art mac Ruarc 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Conchobar mac Tadg 967–973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Tadg 973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 973–1010 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Tadg 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil 1010–1030 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc 1030–1046 O'Rourke.png Son of Aedh mac Fergal 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig 1046–1067 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg in Eich Gil 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Ua Ruairc 1067–1087 O'Rourke.png Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide 1087–1092 O'Conor.png Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig 1092

Ó Flaithbheartaigh, 1092-1095[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh 1092–1095 O'Flaherty.png Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1092–1097 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc 1097–1102 O'Rourke.png Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair 1102–1106 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1106–1156 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1156–1186 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair 1186–1189 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair 1190–1202 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1202–1224 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair 1224–1228 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair 1228–1233 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1233–1256 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1256
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair 1265–1274 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair 1274–1280 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair 1280-1288; 1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair 1288-1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair 1293-1309 O'Conor.png Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309-1310 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair 1310–1316 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair 1316-1317 O'Conor.png Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350[edit]

Main article: Ó Conchobhair Donn
Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1317–1318
1324-1350
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1324 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair 1318-1324 O'Conor.png Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair 1342-1350 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474[edit]

Duke Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1368–1384 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1384–1406 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1406–1439 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair 1439–1461 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair 1461–1475 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1474

| Edmund of Langley
(House of York founder)
1385–1402 || Edmund of Langley || 5 June 1341
Kings Langley
son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault|| Isabella of Castile
1372
3 children

Joan de Holland
ca. 4 November 1393
no children ||1 August 1402
Kings Langley
age 61 |- | Edward of Norwich
1402–1415 || Edward of Norwich || 1373
Norwich
son of Edmund of Langley and Isabella of Castile||Philippa de Mohun
c. 1397
no children||25 October 1415
Agincourt
age 42 |- | Richard Plantagenet
1415–1460 || Richard Plantagenet || 21 September 1411
son of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne de Mortimer||Cecily Neville
1437
13 children||30 December 1460
Wakefield
age 49 |- | Edward Plantagenet
1460–1461 || Edward Plantagenet || 28 April 1442
Rouen
son of Richard Plantagenet and Cecily Neville||Elizabeth Woodville
1 May 1464
10 children||9 April 1483
Westminster
age 40 |- |} Edward Plantagenet became Edward IV in 1461, thus merging the title of Duke of York in crown.

Yorkist Kings of England[edit]

List of historical kings[edit]

Uí Fiachrach, 406-482[edit]

Main article: Uí Fiachrach
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae 406-440 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach 440-445 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Fiachrae 445
Ailill Molt 445-482 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Nath Í mac Fiachrach 482

Uí Briúin, 482-500[edit]

Main article: Uí Briúin
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dauí Tenga Uma 482–500 O'Conor.png Son of Brión mac Echach Muigmedóin 500

Uí Fiachrach, 500-549[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Eógan Bél 500-542 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cellaig mac Ailill Molt 542
Ailill Inbanda 542-549 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Eógan Bél 549

Uí Briúin, 549-600[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Echu Tirmcharna 549–556 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Muireadach 556
Áed mac Echach 556–575 O'Conor.png Son of Echu Tirmcharna 575
Uatu mac Áedo 575–600 O'Conor.png Son of Áed mac Echach 600

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 600-622[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Colmán mac Cobthaig 600-622 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Cobthach mac Gabran 622

Uí Briúin, 622-649[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Rogallach mac Uatach 622–649 O'Conor.png Son of Uatu mac Áedo 649

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 649-663[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Loingsech mac Colmáin 649-655 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin 655-663 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 663

Uí Briúin Seóla, 663-682[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan 663–682 O'Flaherty.png Son of Colga mac Aodha 682

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 682-683[edit]

Main articles: Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe and Ó Dubhda
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dúnchad Muirisci 682-683 O'Dowd.png Son of Tipraite mac Máel Dubh 683

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 683-696[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile 683-696 O'Shaughnessy.png Son of Artgal mac Guaire 696

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 696-702[edit]

Main article: Síol Muireadaigh
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muiredach Muillethan 696–702 O'Conor.png Son of Fergus mac Rogallaig 702

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 702-705[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 705-707[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 705-707 O'Dowd.png Son of Dúnchad Muirisci 707

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 707-723[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 707–723 O'Conor.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 723

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 723-728[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 728-735[edit]

Main article: Ó Flannagáin
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Muiredaig 728-735 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Muiredach Muillethan 735

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 735-742[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig 735–742 O'Conor.png Son of Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 742

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 742-756[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 756-764[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig 756-764 O'Dowd.png Son of Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 764

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 764-768[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail 764-768 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 768

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 768-773[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail 768-773 O'Dowd.png Son of Cathal mac Ailill Medraige 773

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 773-777[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 777-782[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Artgal mac Cathail 777-782 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 782

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 782-786[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tipraite mac Taidg 782–786 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg mac Indrechtach 786

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 786-792[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cináed mac Artgail 786-792 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Artgal mac Cathail 792

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 792-796[edit]

King Clan sept Reign
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 796-839[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 796–815 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig 815–833 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa 833–839 O'Conor.png Son of Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 839

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 839-843[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Murchad mac Áedo 839-840 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Aedh mac Fogartach 840
Fergus mac Fothaid 840-843 Ó Flannagáin.png Son of Fothaid mac Dub-Indrecht 843

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 843-956[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig 843–848 O'Conor.png Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid 848–872 O'Conor.png Son of Máel Cothaid 872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 872–882 O'Conor.png Son of Tadhg Mór mac Muirgius 882
Áed mac Conchobair 882–888 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 888
Tadg mac Conchobair 888–900 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 900
Cathal mac Conchobair 900–925 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 925
Tadg mac Cathail 925–956 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobair 956

Ó Ruairc, 956-967[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc 956–967 O'Rourke.png Son of Art mac Ruarc 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967-1030[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Conchobar mac Tadg 967–973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Tadg 973 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 973–1010 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar mac Tadg 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil 1010–1030 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030-1046[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc 1030–1046 O'Rourke.png Son of Aedh mac Fergal 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046-1067[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig 1046–1067 O'Conor.png Son of Tadg in Eich Gil 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067-1087[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Ua Ruairc 1067–1087 O'Rourke.png Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087-1092[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide 1087–1092 O'Conor.png Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig 1092

Ó Flaithbheartaigh, 1092-1095[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh 1092–1095 O'Flaherty.png Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092-1097[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1092–1097 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097-1102[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc 1097–1102 O'Rourke.png Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102-1280[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair 1102–1106 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1106–1156 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1156–1186 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair 1186–1189 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair 1190–1202 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1202–1224 O'Conor.png Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair 1224–1228 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair 1228–1233 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1233–1256 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1256
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair 1265–1274 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair 1274–1280 O'Conor.png Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280-1293[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair 1280-1288; 1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair 1288-1293 O'Conor.png Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293-1309[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair 1293-1309 O'Conor.png Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309-1310[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309-1310 O'Conor.png Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310-1317[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair 1310–1316 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316-1317[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair 1316-1317 O'Conor.png Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317-1350[edit]

Main article: Ó Conchobhair Donn
Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1317–1318
1324-1350
O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1324 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318-1324[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair 1318-1324 O'Conor.png Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342-1350[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair 1342-1350 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368-1474[edit]

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1368–1384 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1384–1406 O'Conor.png Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1406–1439 O'Conor.png Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair 1439–1461 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair 1461–1475 O'Conor.png Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1474

| Edward IV
4 March 1461 –
3 October 1470

11 April
1471–1483[4] || Edward IV || 28 April 1442
Rouen
son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville[4] || Elizabeth Woodville
Grafton Regis
1 May 1464
10 children[4] || 9 April 1483
Westminster Palace
age 40[4] |- | Edward V
9 April–25 June 1483[5] || Edward V || 2 November 1470
Westminster
son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville[5] || unmarried || c. 1483
London
age about 12 (traditionally: murdered)[6] |- | Richard III
26 June
1483–1485[7] || Richard III || 2 October 1452
Fotheringhay Castle
son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville[8] || Anne Neville
Westminster Abbey
12 July 1472
1 son[8] || 22 August 1485
Bosworth Field
age 32 (killed in battle)[8] |}

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morgan, Kenneth O. (2000). The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 623. ISBN 0-19-822684-5. 
  2. ^ "House of York". 1911Encyclopedia.org. Retrieved 4 October 2007. 
  3. ^ "Channel 4 website devoted to "Britain's Real Monarch"". 3 January 2004. 
  4. ^ a b c d Edward was briefly deposed during his reign by Henry VI. Lundy, Darryl. "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10164". Retrieved 25 October 2007. [unreliable source]
  5. ^ a b Edward V was deposed by Richard III, who usurped the throne on the grounds that Edward was illegitimate. "EDWARD V - Archontology.org". Retrieved 25 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10165". Retrieved 25 October 2007. [unreliable source]
  7. ^ "RICHARD III - Archontology.org". Retrieved 25 October 2007. 
  8. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10163". Retrieved 25 October 2007. [unreliable source]

External links[edit]

House of York
Cadet branch of the House of Plantagenet
Preceded by
House of Lancaster
Ruling house of the Kingdom of England
1461–1470
Succeeded by
House of Lancaster
Ruling house of the Kingdom of England
1471–1485
Succeeded by
House of Tudor